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Modulation of innate immune response, mucosal parameters and disease resistance in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) upon synbiotic feeding.
Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2015 Jul; 45(1):27-32.FS

Abstract

The present study investigates the effects of dietary supplements of galactooligosaccharides (GOS), Pediococcus acidilactici and P. acidilactici + GOS on innate immune response, skin mucus as well as disease resistance of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fingerlings (15.04 ± 0.52 g). After 8 weeks of feeding, several innate immune (lysozyme, alternative complement and respiratory burst activities) and skin mucus parameters (bactericidal activity against Streptococcus faecium, Streptococcus iniae, Serratia marcescens, Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli and mucus protein content) were studied. The results indicated that the three supplemented diet significantly increased innate immune response and skin mucus parameters in rainbow trout. The highest innate immune response, skin mucus activity as well as protein level was observed in synbiotic fed fish. Furthermore, at the end of the feeding experiment, some fish were intraperitoneally injected with Streptococcus iniae to determine the disease resistance. The mortality of fingerlings fed supplemented diet was significantly lower than fish from control group being the lowest mortality recorded in synbiotic fed fish group.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran. Electronic address: Hoseinifar@gau.ac.ir.Department of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran. Electronic address: vaghefi@ut.ac.ir.Extremophiles Lab. Department of Microbiology, School of Biology, College of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran.Fish Innate Immune System Group, Department of Cell Biology and Histology, Faculty of Biology, Regional Campus of International Excellence "Campus Mare Nostrum", University of Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25827628

Citation

Hoseinifar, Seyed Hossein, et al. "Modulation of Innate Immune Response, Mucosal Parameters and Disease Resistance in Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus Mykiss) Upon Synbiotic Feeding." Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol. 45, no. 1, 2015, pp. 27-32.
Hoseinifar SH, Mirvaghefi A, Amoozegar MA, et al. Modulation of innate immune response, mucosal parameters and disease resistance in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) upon synbiotic feeding. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2015;45(1):27-32.
Hoseinifar, S. H., Mirvaghefi, A., Amoozegar, M. A., Sharifian, M., & Esteban, M. Á. (2015). Modulation of innate immune response, mucosal parameters and disease resistance in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) upon synbiotic feeding. Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 45(1), 27-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2015.03.029
Hoseinifar SH, et al. Modulation of Innate Immune Response, Mucosal Parameters and Disease Resistance in Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus Mykiss) Upon Synbiotic Feeding. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2015;45(1):27-32. PubMed PMID: 25827628.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Modulation of innate immune response, mucosal parameters and disease resistance in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) upon synbiotic feeding. AU - Hoseinifar,Seyed Hossein, AU - Mirvaghefi,Alireza, AU - Amoozegar,Mohammad Ali, AU - Sharifian,Maryam, AU - Esteban,M Ángeles, Y1 - 2015/03/28/ PY - 2015/02/20/received PY - 2015/03/16/revised PY - 2015/03/20/accepted PY - 2015/4/2/entrez PY - 2015/4/2/pubmed PY - 2016/2/24/medline KW - Bactericidal activity KW - Disease resistance KW - Innate immune response KW - Rainbow trout KW - Skin mucus KW - Synbiotic SP - 27 EP - 32 JF - Fish & shellfish immunology JO - Fish Shellfish Immunol VL - 45 IS - 1 N2 - The present study investigates the effects of dietary supplements of galactooligosaccharides (GOS), Pediococcus acidilactici and P. acidilactici + GOS on innate immune response, skin mucus as well as disease resistance of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fingerlings (15.04 ± 0.52 g). After 8 weeks of feeding, several innate immune (lysozyme, alternative complement and respiratory burst activities) and skin mucus parameters (bactericidal activity against Streptococcus faecium, Streptococcus iniae, Serratia marcescens, Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli and mucus protein content) were studied. The results indicated that the three supplemented diet significantly increased innate immune response and skin mucus parameters in rainbow trout. The highest innate immune response, skin mucus activity as well as protein level was observed in synbiotic fed fish. Furthermore, at the end of the feeding experiment, some fish were intraperitoneally injected with Streptococcus iniae to determine the disease resistance. The mortality of fingerlings fed supplemented diet was significantly lower than fish from control group being the lowest mortality recorded in synbiotic fed fish group. SN - 1095-9947 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25827628/Modulation_of_innate_immune_response_mucosal_parameters_and_disease_resistance_in_rainbow_trout__Oncorhynchus_mykiss__upon_synbiotic_feeding_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1050-4648(15)00128-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -