Fascin regulates TLR4/PKC-mediated translational activation through miR-155 and miR-125b, which targets the 3' untranslated region of TNF-α mRNA.Immunol Invest. 2015; 44(3):309-20.II
Fascin is a well-known cytoskeletal regulatory protein that, as a substrate of protein kinase C (PKC), is involved in PKC-mediated translational regulation of TNF-α in macrophages stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The regulatory effects of fascin targeted the 3'-untraslated region (UTR) of the TNF-α mRNA, and suppression of PKC activity or fascin expression resulted in specific blockage of the LPS-induced translational activation of the mRNA. In an effort to identify the molecular mechanism of this fascin-mediated translational regulation, the expression levels of micro-RNA (miRNA) after stimulation of the toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling pathways were analyzed in cells with down-regulation of fascin. The LPS-induced translation of TNF-α is known to be regulated by miR-155 and miR-125b, which have positive and negative effects, respectively. Interestingly, suppression of fascin expression reversed LPS-induced down-regulation of miR-125b and abolished the LPS-induced increase in miR-155. Furthermore, introduction of miR-155 precursor, blocking of miR-125b activity, or introduction of a mutation into the miR-125b binding site of the TNF-α 3'-UTR restored translational activation in cells with suppressed fascin expression. These data indicate that fascin regulates translation through miR-155 and miR-125b, which target 3' UTR in TNF-α mRNA.