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'My body is mine': Qualitatively exploring agency among internally displaced women participants in a small-group intervention in Leogane, Haiti.
Glob Public Health 2016; 11(1-2):122-34GP

Abstract

The 2010 earthquake resulted in the breakdown of Haiti's social, economic and health infrastructure. Over one-quarter of a million people remain internally displaced (ID). ID women experience heightened vulnerability to intimate partner violence (IPV) due to increased poverty and reduced community networks. Scant research has examined experiences of IPV among ID women in post-earthquake Haiti. We conducted a qualitative study to explore the impact of participating in Famn an Aksyon Pou Santé Yo (FASY), a small-group HIV prevention intervention, on ID women's agency in Leogane, Haiti. We conducted four focus groups with ID women, FASY participants (n = 40) and in-depth individual interviews with peer health workers (n = 7). Our study was guided by critical ethnography and paid particular attention to power relations. Findings highlighted multiple forms of IPV (e.g., physical, sexual). Participants discussed processes of intrapersonal (confidence), interpersonal (communication), relational (support) and collective (women's rights) agency. Yet structural factors, including patriarchal gender norms and poverty, silenced IPV discussions and constrained women's agency. Findings suggest that agency among ID women is a multi-level, non-linear and incremental process. To effectively address IPV among ID women in Haiti, interventions should address structural contexts of gender inequity and poverty and concurrently facilitate multi-level processes of agency.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work , University of Toronto , Toronto , ON , Canada. b Women's College Hospital, Women's College Research Institute , Toronto , ON , Canada.c Faculty of Social Work , Adelphi University , New York , NY , USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25833376

Citation

Logie, Carmen H., and CarolAnn Daniel. "'My Body Is Mine': Qualitatively Exploring Agency Among Internally Displaced Women Participants in a Small-group Intervention in Leogane, Haiti." Global Public Health, vol. 11, no. 1-2, 2016, pp. 122-34.
Logie CH, Daniel C. 'My body is mine': Qualitatively exploring agency among internally displaced women participants in a small-group intervention in Leogane, Haiti. Glob Public Health. 2016;11(1-2):122-34.
Logie, C. H., & Daniel, C. (2016). 'My body is mine': Qualitatively exploring agency among internally displaced women participants in a small-group intervention in Leogane, Haiti. Global Public Health, 11(1-2), pp. 122-34. doi:10.1080/17441692.2015.1027249.
Logie CH, Daniel C. 'My Body Is Mine': Qualitatively Exploring Agency Among Internally Displaced Women Participants in a Small-group Intervention in Leogane, Haiti. Glob Public Health. 2016;11(1-2):122-34. PubMed PMID: 25833376.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - 'My body is mine': Qualitatively exploring agency among internally displaced women participants in a small-group intervention in Leogane, Haiti. AU - Logie,Carmen H, AU - Daniel,CarolAnn, Y1 - 2015/04/01/ PY - 2015/4/3/entrez PY - 2015/4/3/pubmed PY - 2016/10/7/medline KW - Haiti KW - internally displaced persons KW - intimate partner violence KW - qualitative KW - women SP - 122 EP - 34 JF - Global public health JO - Glob Public Health VL - 11 IS - 1-2 N2 - The 2010 earthquake resulted in the breakdown of Haiti's social, economic and health infrastructure. Over one-quarter of a million people remain internally displaced (ID). ID women experience heightened vulnerability to intimate partner violence (IPV) due to increased poverty and reduced community networks. Scant research has examined experiences of IPV among ID women in post-earthquake Haiti. We conducted a qualitative study to explore the impact of participating in Famn an Aksyon Pou Santé Yo (FASY), a small-group HIV prevention intervention, on ID women's agency in Leogane, Haiti. We conducted four focus groups with ID women, FASY participants (n = 40) and in-depth individual interviews with peer health workers (n = 7). Our study was guided by critical ethnography and paid particular attention to power relations. Findings highlighted multiple forms of IPV (e.g., physical, sexual). Participants discussed processes of intrapersonal (confidence), interpersonal (communication), relational (support) and collective (women's rights) agency. Yet structural factors, including patriarchal gender norms and poverty, silenced IPV discussions and constrained women's agency. Findings suggest that agency among ID women is a multi-level, non-linear and incremental process. To effectively address IPV among ID women in Haiti, interventions should address structural contexts of gender inequity and poverty and concurrently facilitate multi-level processes of agency. SN - 1744-1706 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25833376/'My_body_is_mine':_Qualitatively_exploring_agency_among_internally_displaced_women_participants_in_a_small_group_intervention_in_Leogane_Haiti_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17441692.2015.1027249 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -