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Dairy proteins, dairy lipids, and postprandial lipemia in persons with abdominal obesity (DairyHealth): a 12-wk, randomized, parallel-controlled, double-blinded, diet intervention study.
Am J Clin Nutr. 2015 Apr; 101(4):870-8.AJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Abdominal obesity and exaggerated postprandial lipemia are independent risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality, and both are affected by dietary behavior.

OBJECTIVE

We investigated whether dietary supplementation with whey protein and medium-chain saturated fatty acids (MC-SFAs) improved postprandial lipid metabolism in humans with abdominal obesity.

DESIGN

We conducted a 12-wk, randomized, double-blinded, diet intervention study. Sixty-three adults were randomly allocated to one of 4 diets in a 2 × 2 factorial design. Participants consumed 60 g milk protein (whey or casein) and 63 g milk fat (with high or low MC-SFA content) daily. Before and after the intervention, a high-fat meal test was performed. We measured changes from baseline in fasting and postprandial triacylglycerol, apolipoprotein B-48 (apoB-48; reflecting chylomicrons of intestinal origin), free fatty acids (FFAs), insulin, glucose, glucagon, glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1), and gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP). Furthermore, changes in the expression of adipose tissue genes involved in lipid metabolism were investigated. Two-factor ANOVA was used to examine the difference between protein types and fatty acid compositions, as well as any interaction between the two.

RESULTS

Fifty-two participants completed the study. We found that the postprandial apoB-48 response decreased significantly after whey compared with casein (P = 0.025) independently of fatty acid composition. Furthermore, supplementation with casein resulted in a significant increase in the postprandial GLP-1 response compared with whey (P = 0.003). We found no difference in postprandial triacylglycerol, FFA, insulin, glucose, glucagon, or GIP related to protein type or MC-SFA content. We observed no interaction between milk protein and milk fat on postprandial lipemia.

CONCLUSION

We found that a whey protein supplement decreased the postprandial chylomicron response compared with casein in persons with abdominal obesity, thereby indicating a beneficial impact on CVD risk. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT01472666.

Authors+Show Affiliations

From the Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark (MB, AB, KVR, AGS, SG, and KH); the Department of Food Science, Aarhus University, Tjele, Denmark (BA, MKL, and TKD); NNF Centre for Basic Metabolic Research and the Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark (JJH); Unilabs A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark (AH); the School of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences and Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland (SO and LO); the Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands (LA); Arla Foods Ingredients Group P/S, Viby J., Denmark (EJ); and GCO Corporate Research and Innovation, Viby J., Denmark (MMC).From the Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark (MB, AB, KVR, AGS, SG, and KH); the Department of Food Science, Aarhus University, Tjele, Denmark (BA, MKL, and TKD); NNF Centre for Basic Metabolic Research and the Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark (JJH); Unilabs A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark (AH); the School of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences and Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland (SO and LO); the Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands (LA); Arla Foods Ingredients Group P/S, Viby J., Denmark (EJ); and GCO Corporate Research and Innovation, Viby J., Denmark (MMC).From the Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark (MB, AB, KVR, AGS, SG, and KH); the Department of Food Science, Aarhus University, Tjele, Denmark (BA, MKL, and TKD); NNF Centre for Basic Metabolic Research and the Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark (JJH); Unilabs A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark (AH); the School of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences and Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland (SO and LO); the Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands (LA); Arla Foods Ingredients Group P/S, Viby J., Denmark (EJ); and GCO Corporate Research and Innovation, Viby J., Denmark (MMC).From the Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark (MB, AB, KVR, AGS, SG, and KH); the Department of Food Science, Aarhus University, Tjele, Denmark (BA, MKL, and TKD); NNF Centre for Basic Metabolic Research and the Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark (JJH); Unilabs A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark (AH); the School of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences and Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland (SO and LO); the Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands (LA); Arla Foods Ingredients Group P/S, Viby J., Denmark (EJ); and GCO Corporate Research and Innovation, Viby J., Denmark (MMC).From the Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark (MB, AB, KVR, AGS, SG, and KH); the Department of Food Science, Aarhus University, Tjele, Denmark (BA, MKL, and TKD); NNF Centre for Basic Metabolic Research and the Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark (JJH); Unilabs A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark (AH); the School of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences and Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland (SO and LO); the Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands (LA); Arla Foods Ingredients Group P/S, Viby J., Denmark (EJ); and GCO Corporate Research and Innovation, Viby J., Denmark (MMC).From the Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark (MB, AB, KVR, AGS, SG, and KH); the Department of Food Science, Aarhus University, Tjele, Denmark (BA, MKL, and TKD); NNF Centre for Basic Metabolic Research and the Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark (JJH); Unilabs A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark (AH); the School of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences and Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland (SO and LO); the Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands (LA); Arla Foods Ingredients Group P/S, Viby J., Denmark (EJ); and GCO Corporate Research and Innovation, Viby J., Denmark (MMC).From the Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark (MB, AB, KVR, AGS, SG, and KH); the Department of Food Science, Aarhus University, Tjele, Denmark (BA, MKL, and TKD); NNF Centre for Basic Metabolic Research and the Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark (JJH); Unilabs A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark (AH); the School of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences and Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland (SO and LO); the Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands (LA); Arla Foods Ingredients Group P/S, Viby J., Denmark (EJ); and GCO Corporate Research and Innovation, Viby J., Denmark (MMC).From the Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark (MB, AB, KVR, AGS, SG, and KH); the Department of Food Science, Aarhus University, Tjele, Denmark (BA, MKL, and TKD); NNF Centre for Basic Metabolic Research and the Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark (JJH); Unilabs A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark (AH); the School of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences and Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland (SO and LO); the Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands (LA); Arla Foods Ingredients Group P/S, Viby J., Denmark (EJ); and GCO Corporate Research and Innovation, Viby J., Denmark (MMC).From the Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark (MB, AB, KVR, AGS, SG, and KH); the Department of Food Science, Aarhus University, Tjele, Denmark (BA, MKL, and TKD); NNF Centre for Basic Metabolic Research and the Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark (JJH); Unilabs A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark (AH); the School of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences and Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland (SO and LO); the Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands (LA); Arla Foods Ingredients Group P/S, Viby J., Denmark (EJ); and GCO Corporate Research and Innovation, Viby J., Denmark (MMC).From the Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark (MB, AB, KVR, AGS, SG, and KH); the Department of Food Science, Aarhus University, Tjele, Denmark (BA, MKL, and TKD); NNF Centre for Basic Metabolic Research and the Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark (JJH); Unilabs A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark (AH); the School of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences and Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland (SO and LO); the Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands (LA); Arla Foods Ingredients Group P/S, Viby J., Denmark (EJ); and GCO Corporate Research and Innovation, Viby J., Denmark (MMC).From the Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark (MB, AB, KVR, AGS, SG, and KH); the Department of Food Science, Aarhus University, Tjele, Denmark (BA, MKL, and TKD); NNF Centre for Basic Metabolic Research and the Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark (JJH); Unilabs A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark (AH); the School of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences and Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland (SO and LO); the Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands (LA); Arla Foods Ingredients Group P/S, Viby J., Denmark (EJ); and GCO Corporate Research and Innovation, Viby J., Denmark (MMC).From the Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark (MB, AB, KVR, AGS, SG, and KH); the Department of Food Science, Aarhus University, Tjele, Denmark (BA, MKL, and TKD); NNF Centre for Basic Metabolic Research and the Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark (JJH); Unilabs A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark (AH); the School of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences and Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland (SO and LO); the Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands (LA); Arla Foods Ingredients Group P/S, Viby J., Denmark (EJ); and GCO Corporate Research and Innovation, Viby J., Denmark (MMC).From the Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark (MB, AB, KVR, AGS, SG, and KH); the Department of Food Science, Aarhus University, Tjele, Denmark (BA, MKL, and TKD); NNF Centre for Basic Metabolic Research and the Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark (JJH); Unilabs A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark (AH); the School of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences and Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland (SO and LO); the Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands (LA); Arla Foods Ingredients Group P/S, Viby J., Denmark (EJ); and GCO Corporate Research and Innovation, Viby J., Denmark (MMC).From the Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark (MB, AB, KVR, AGS, SG, and KH); the Department of Food Science, Aarhus University, Tjele, Denmark (BA, MKL, and TKD); NNF Centre for Basic Metabolic Research and the Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark (JJH); Unilabs A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark (AH); the School of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences and Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland (SO and LO); the Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands (LA); Arla Foods Ingredients Group P/S, Viby J., Denmark (EJ); and GCO Corporate Research and Innovation, Viby J., Denmark (MMC).From the Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark (MB, AB, KVR, AGS, SG, and KH); the Department of Food Science, Aarhus University, Tjele, Denmark (BA, MKL, and TKD); NNF Centre for Basic Metabolic Research and the Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark (JJH); Unilabs A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark (AH); the School of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences and Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland (SO and LO); the Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands (LA); Arla Foods Ingredients Group P/S, Viby J., Denmark (EJ); and GCO Corporate Research and Innovation, Viby J., Denmark (MMC).From the Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark (MB, AB, KVR, AGS, SG, and KH); the Department of Food Science, Aarhus University, Tjele, Denmark (BA, MKL, and TKD); NNF Centre for Basic Metabolic Research and the Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark (JJH); Unilabs A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark (AH); the School of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences and Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland (SO and LO); the Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands (LA); Arla Foods Ingredients Group P/S, Viby J., Denmark (EJ); and GCO Corporate Research and Innovation, Viby J., Denmark (MMC).

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25833983

Citation

Bohl, Mette, et al. "Dairy Proteins, Dairy Lipids, and Postprandial Lipemia in Persons With Abdominal Obesity (DairyHealth): a 12-wk, Randomized, Parallel-controlled, Double-blinded, Diet Intervention Study." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 101, no. 4, 2015, pp. 870-8.
Bohl M, Bjørnshave A, Rasmussen KV, et al. Dairy proteins, dairy lipids, and postprandial lipemia in persons with abdominal obesity (DairyHealth): a 12-wk, randomized, parallel-controlled, double-blinded, diet intervention study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2015;101(4):870-8.
Bohl, M., Bjørnshave, A., Rasmussen, K. V., Schioldan, A. G., Amer, B., Larsen, M. K., Dalsgaard, T. K., Holst, J. J., Herrmann, A., O'Neill, S., O'Driscoll, L., Afman, L., Jensen, E., Christensen, M. M., Gregersen, S., & Hermansen, K. (2015). Dairy proteins, dairy lipids, and postprandial lipemia in persons with abdominal obesity (DairyHealth): a 12-wk, randomized, parallel-controlled, double-blinded, diet intervention study. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 101(4), 870-8. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.114.097923
Bohl M, et al. Dairy Proteins, Dairy Lipids, and Postprandial Lipemia in Persons With Abdominal Obesity (DairyHealth): a 12-wk, Randomized, Parallel-controlled, Double-blinded, Diet Intervention Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2015;101(4):870-8. PubMed PMID: 25833983.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dairy proteins, dairy lipids, and postprandial lipemia in persons with abdominal obesity (DairyHealth): a 12-wk, randomized, parallel-controlled, double-blinded, diet intervention study. AU - Bohl,Mette, AU - Bjørnshave,Ann, AU - Rasmussen,Kia V, AU - Schioldan,Anne Grethe, AU - Amer,Bashar, AU - Larsen,Mette K, AU - Dalsgaard,Trine K, AU - Holst,Jens J, AU - Herrmann,Annkatrin, AU - O'Neill,Sadhbh, AU - O'Driscoll,Lorraine, AU - Afman,Lydia, AU - Jensen,Erik, AU - Christensen,Merete M, AU - Gregersen,Søren, AU - Hermansen,Kjeld, Y1 - 2015/01/14/ PY - 2014/08/19/received PY - 2014/12/17/accepted PY - 2015/4/3/entrez PY - 2015/4/4/pubmed PY - 2015/6/4/medline KW - abdominal obesity KW - adipose tissue gene expression KW - apoB-48 KW - casein KW - dairy KW - incretin KW - medium-chain saturated fatty acid KW - milk fat KW - milk protein KW - postprandial lipemia KW - whey SP - 870 EP - 8 JF - The American journal of clinical nutrition JO - Am. J. Clin. Nutr. VL - 101 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: Abdominal obesity and exaggerated postprandial lipemia are independent risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality, and both are affected by dietary behavior. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether dietary supplementation with whey protein and medium-chain saturated fatty acids (MC-SFAs) improved postprandial lipid metabolism in humans with abdominal obesity. DESIGN: We conducted a 12-wk, randomized, double-blinded, diet intervention study. Sixty-three adults were randomly allocated to one of 4 diets in a 2 × 2 factorial design. Participants consumed 60 g milk protein (whey or casein) and 63 g milk fat (with high or low MC-SFA content) daily. Before and after the intervention, a high-fat meal test was performed. We measured changes from baseline in fasting and postprandial triacylglycerol, apolipoprotein B-48 (apoB-48; reflecting chylomicrons of intestinal origin), free fatty acids (FFAs), insulin, glucose, glucagon, glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1), and gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP). Furthermore, changes in the expression of adipose tissue genes involved in lipid metabolism were investigated. Two-factor ANOVA was used to examine the difference between protein types and fatty acid compositions, as well as any interaction between the two. RESULTS: Fifty-two participants completed the study. We found that the postprandial apoB-48 response decreased significantly after whey compared with casein (P = 0.025) independently of fatty acid composition. Furthermore, supplementation with casein resulted in a significant increase in the postprandial GLP-1 response compared with whey (P = 0.003). We found no difference in postprandial triacylglycerol, FFA, insulin, glucose, glucagon, or GIP related to protein type or MC-SFA content. We observed no interaction between milk protein and milk fat on postprandial lipemia. CONCLUSION: We found that a whey protein supplement decreased the postprandial chylomicron response compared with casein in persons with abdominal obesity, thereby indicating a beneficial impact on CVD risk. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT01472666. SN - 1938-3207 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25833983/Dairy_proteins_dairy_lipids_and_postprandial_lipemia_in_persons_with_abdominal_obesity__DairyHealth_:_a_12_wk_randomized_parallel_controlled_double_blinded_diet_intervention_study_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article-lookup/doi/10.3945/ajcn.114.097923 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -