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Effects of dance on motor functions, cognitive functions, and mental symptoms of Parkinson's disease: a quasi-randomized pilot trial.
Complement Ther Med. 2015 Apr; 23(2):210-9.CT

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine the effectiveness of dance on motor functions, cognitive functions, and mental symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD).

DESIGN

This study employed a quasi-randomised, between-group design.

SETTING

Dance, PD exercise, and all assessments were performed in community halls in different regions of Japan.

PARTICIPANTS

Forty-six mild-moderate PD patients participated.

INTERVENTION

Six PD patient associations that agreed to participate in the study were randomly assigned to a dance group, PD exercise group, or non-intervention group. The dance and PD exercise groups performed one 60-min session per week for 12 weeks. Control group patients continued with their normal lives. All groups were assessed before and after the intervention.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

We used the Timed Up-and-Go Test (TUG) and Berg Balance Scale (BBS) to assess motor function, the Frontal Assessment Battery at bedside (FAB) and Mental Rotation Task (MRT) to assess cognitive function, and the Apathy Scale (AS) and Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) to assess mental symptoms of PD. The Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) was used for general assessment of PD.

RESULTS

When comparing results before and after intervention, the dance group showed a large effect in TUG time (ES=0.65, p=0.006), TUG step number (ES=0.66, p=0.005), BBS (ES=0.75, p=0.001), FAB (ES=0.77, p=0.001), MRT response time (ES=0.79, p<0.001), AS (ES=0.78, p<0.001), SDS (ES=0.66, p=0.006) and UPDRS (ES=0.88, p<0.001).

CONCLUSIONS

Dance was effective in improving motor function, cognitive function, and mental symptoms in PD patients. General symptoms in PD also improved. Dance is an effective method for rehabilitation in PD patients.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Occupational Therapy, Aino University School of Nursing and Rehabilitation, Osaka, Japan; Graduate School of Comprehensive Rehabilitation, Osaka Prefecture University, Osaka, Japan. Electronic address: h-hashimoto@ot-u.aino.ac.jp.Graduate School of Comprehensive Rehabilitation, Osaka Prefecture University, Osaka, Japan.Graduate School of Health Science, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan.Department of Clinical Support, Hiroshima University Hospital, Hiroshima, Japan.Graduate School of Comprehensive Rehabilitation, Osaka Prefecture University, Osaka, Japan.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25847558

Citation

Hashimoto, Hiroko, et al. "Effects of Dance On Motor Functions, Cognitive Functions, and Mental Symptoms of Parkinson's Disease: a Quasi-randomized Pilot Trial." Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol. 23, no. 2, 2015, pp. 210-9.
Hashimoto H, Takabatake S, Miyaguchi H, et al. Effects of dance on motor functions, cognitive functions, and mental symptoms of Parkinson's disease: a quasi-randomized pilot trial. Complement Ther Med. 2015;23(2):210-9.
Hashimoto, H., Takabatake, S., Miyaguchi, H., Nakanishi, H., & Naitou, Y. (2015). Effects of dance on motor functions, cognitive functions, and mental symptoms of Parkinson's disease: a quasi-randomized pilot trial. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 23(2), 210-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctim.2015.01.010
Hashimoto H, et al. Effects of Dance On Motor Functions, Cognitive Functions, and Mental Symptoms of Parkinson's Disease: a Quasi-randomized Pilot Trial. Complement Ther Med. 2015;23(2):210-9. PubMed PMID: 25847558.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of dance on motor functions, cognitive functions, and mental symptoms of Parkinson's disease: a quasi-randomized pilot trial. AU - Hashimoto,Hiroko, AU - Takabatake,Shinichi, AU - Miyaguchi,Hideki, AU - Nakanishi,Hajime, AU - Naitou,Yasuo, Y1 - 2015/01/16/ PY - 2014/09/05/received PY - 2014/12/15/revised PY - 2015/01/09/accepted PY - 2015/4/8/entrez PY - 2015/4/8/pubmed PY - 2015/11/5/medline KW - Cognitive functions KW - Dance KW - Mental symptoms KW - Motor functions KW - Parkinson's disease KW - Rehabilitation SP - 210 EP - 9 JF - Complementary therapies in medicine JO - Complement Ther Med VL - 23 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of dance on motor functions, cognitive functions, and mental symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). DESIGN: This study employed a quasi-randomised, between-group design. SETTING: Dance, PD exercise, and all assessments were performed in community halls in different regions of Japan. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-six mild-moderate PD patients participated. INTERVENTION: Six PD patient associations that agreed to participate in the study were randomly assigned to a dance group, PD exercise group, or non-intervention group. The dance and PD exercise groups performed one 60-min session per week for 12 weeks. Control group patients continued with their normal lives. All groups were assessed before and after the intervention. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We used the Timed Up-and-Go Test (TUG) and Berg Balance Scale (BBS) to assess motor function, the Frontal Assessment Battery at bedside (FAB) and Mental Rotation Task (MRT) to assess cognitive function, and the Apathy Scale (AS) and Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) to assess mental symptoms of PD. The Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) was used for general assessment of PD. RESULTS: When comparing results before and after intervention, the dance group showed a large effect in TUG time (ES=0.65, p=0.006), TUG step number (ES=0.66, p=0.005), BBS (ES=0.75, p=0.001), FAB (ES=0.77, p=0.001), MRT response time (ES=0.79, p<0.001), AS (ES=0.78, p<0.001), SDS (ES=0.66, p=0.006) and UPDRS (ES=0.88, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Dance was effective in improving motor function, cognitive function, and mental symptoms in PD patients. General symptoms in PD also improved. Dance is an effective method for rehabilitation in PD patients. SN - 1873-6963 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25847558/Effects_of_dance_on_motor_functions_cognitive_functions_and_mental_symptoms_of_Parkinson's_disease:_a_quasi_randomized_pilot_trial_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0965-2299(15)00011-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -