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[The impact of urbanization on malaria infection rate and parasite density in children in the municipality of Yopougon, Abidjan (Côte d'Ivoire)].
Med Sante Trop. 2015 Jan-Mar; 25(1):69-74.MS

Abstract

From September 23-30, 2005, we conducted a cross-sectional study in six townships of Yopougon, a municipality of Abidjan. These townships were grouped in three levels of urbanization (village, precarious township, and residential township). The main objective of this survey was to determine the impact of urbanization on the malaria infection (parasite) rate and parasite density, and their consequences on the heterogeneity of malaria transmission in urban Abidjan. Specifically we compared these rates in all three urbanization levels, selecting two townships for each level to take environmental specificities observed from previous data into account. The study included 400 households per township. All children younger than 5 years in these households were included. Thick and thin blood smears were taken for each child on slides, and each slide was examined by microscope after staining. The malaria infection rate was 21.8%, indicating mesoendemic malaria. Its distribution varied significantly between the three urbanization levels. Malaria parasite densities also varied significantly between them. These results confirm the involvement of urbanization in the heterogeneity of malaria transmission in the city of Abidjan.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institut national d'hygiène publique (INHP), BP V 14, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, Centre suisse de recherches scientifiques, BP 1303, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.Institut national d'hygiène publique (INHP), BP V 14, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, UFR sciences médicales; département de santé publique, université Félix-Houphouët-Boigny de Cocody, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.Centre suisse de recherches scientifiques, BP 1303, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, Institut tropical suisse, Bâle, Suisse.Institut national d'hygiène publique (INHP), BP V 14, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.Institut tropical suisse, Bâle, Suisse.UFR biosciences; laboratoire biologie et de parasitologie, université Félix-Houphouët-Boigny Cocody, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

fre

PubMed ID

25847881

Citation

Koné, A B., et al. "[The Impact of Urbanization On Malaria Infection Rate and Parasite Density in Children in the Municipality of Yopougon, Abidjan (Côte D'Ivoire)]." Medecine Et Sante Tropicales, vol. 25, no. 1, 2015, pp. 69-74.
Koné AB, Tiembré I, Cissé G, et al. [The impact of urbanization on malaria infection rate and parasite density in children in the municipality of Yopougon, Abidjan (Côte d'Ivoire)]. Med Sante Trop. 2015;25(1):69-74.
Koné, A. B., Tiembré, I., Cissé, G., Diallo, A., Tanner, M., & N'Goran, K. E. (2015). [The impact of urbanization on malaria infection rate and parasite density in children in the municipality of Yopougon, Abidjan (Côte d'Ivoire)]. Medecine Et Sante Tropicales, 25(1), 69-74. https://doi.org/10.1684/mst.2014.0419
Koné AB, et al. [The Impact of Urbanization On Malaria Infection Rate and Parasite Density in Children in the Municipality of Yopougon, Abidjan (Côte D'Ivoire)]. Med Sante Trop. 2015 Jan-Mar;25(1):69-74. PubMed PMID: 25847881.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [The impact of urbanization on malaria infection rate and parasite density in children in the municipality of Yopougon, Abidjan (Côte d'Ivoire)]. AU - Koné,A B, AU - Tiembré,I, AU - Cissé,G, AU - Diallo,A, AU - Tanner,M, AU - N'Goran,K E, PY - 2015/4/8/entrez PY - 2015/4/8/pubmed PY - 2016/2/13/medline KW - Abidjan KW - Côte d’Ivoire KW - Yopougon KW - children less than 5 years old KW - malaria infection rate KW - parasite density KW - urbanization level SP - 69 EP - 74 JF - Medecine et sante tropicales JO - Med Sante Trop VL - 25 IS - 1 N2 - From September 23-30, 2005, we conducted a cross-sectional study in six townships of Yopougon, a municipality of Abidjan. These townships were grouped in three levels of urbanization (village, precarious township, and residential township). The main objective of this survey was to determine the impact of urbanization on the malaria infection (parasite) rate and parasite density, and their consequences on the heterogeneity of malaria transmission in urban Abidjan. Specifically we compared these rates in all three urbanization levels, selecting two townships for each level to take environmental specificities observed from previous data into account. The study included 400 households per township. All children younger than 5 years in these households were included. Thick and thin blood smears were taken for each child on slides, and each slide was examined by microscope after staining. The malaria infection rate was 21.8%, indicating mesoendemic malaria. Its distribution varied significantly between the three urbanization levels. Malaria parasite densities also varied significantly between them. These results confirm the involvement of urbanization in the heterogeneity of malaria transmission in the city of Abidjan. SN - 2261-2211 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25847881/The_impact_of_urbanization_on_malaria_infection_rate_and_parasite_density_in_children_in_the_municipality_of_Yopougon_Abidjan__C��te_d'Ivoire__ L2 - http://www.jle.com/medline.md?issn=2261-3684&vol=25&iss=1&page=69 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -