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Post-meal perceivable satiety and subsequent energy intake with intake of partially hydrolysed guar gum.
Br J Nutr 2015; 113(9):1489-98BJ

Abstract

Partially hydrolysed guar gum (PHGG), a soluble dietary fibre, has been shown to provide many health benefits. Previous studies had suggested that the combination of PHGG with protein provided a significant satiation effect on visual analogue scales (VAS). What was lacking was only the effect of administration of small doses of PHGG on post-meal satiation and subsequent energy intake. The objectives of the present investigations were to find the subjective perception of post-meal satiety with acute and long term administration of small amounts of PHGG alone with food, its effects on subsequent energy intake and the comparative effects among different types of soluble fibres. The following three separate studies were conducted: in study 1, healthy subjects (n 12) consumed PHGG along with breakfast, lunch and an evening snack; in study 2, healthy subjects (n 24) consumed 2 g of PHGG or dextrin along with yogurt as breakfast for 2 weeks; in study 3, healthy subjects (n 6) took 6 g each of either PHGG or indigestible dextrin or inulin along with lunch. In all the studies, various satiety parameters were measured on VAS before and after consumption of PHGG. The addition of PHGG showed significant (P < 0.05) acute (studies 1 and 3) and long-term (studies 1 and 2) satiety effects compared to the control and/or an equal amount of carbohydrate or other types of soluble fibre. Study 2 also indicated that the prolonged consumption of PHGG may significantly (P < 0.05) reduce energy intake from whole-day snacking. PHGG could be an ideal natural soluble fibre for delivering acute and long term satiety effects for comfortable appetite control.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Nutrition Division,Taiyo Kagaku R&D, 1-3 Takaramachi,Yokkaichi,Japan.Department of Health and Nutrition Sciences,Faculty of Human Life Sciences, Nagoya Keizai University,Nagoya,Japan.Nutrition Division,Taiyo Kagaku R&D, 1-3 Takaramachi,Yokkaichi,Japan.Nutrition Division,Taiyo Kagaku R&D, 1-3 Takaramachi,Yokkaichi,Japan.Nutrition Division,Taiyo Kagaku R&D, 1-3 Takaramachi,Yokkaichi,Japan.Nutrition Division,Taiyo Kagaku R&D, 1-3 Takaramachi,Yokkaichi,Japan.Nutrition Division,Taiyo Kagaku R&D, 1-3 Takaramachi,Yokkaichi,Japan.Department of Health and Nutrition Sciences,Faculty of Human Life Sciences, Nagoya Keizai University,Nagoya,Japan.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25851425

Citation

Rao, Theertham Pradyumna, et al. "Post-meal Perceivable Satiety and Subsequent Energy Intake With Intake of Partially Hydrolysed Guar Gum." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 113, no. 9, 2015, pp. 1489-98.
Rao TP, Hayakawa M, Minami T, et al. Post-meal perceivable satiety and subsequent energy intake with intake of partially hydrolysed guar gum. Br J Nutr. 2015;113(9):1489-98.
Rao, T. P., Hayakawa, M., Minami, T., Ishihara, N., Kapoor, M. P., Ohkubo, T., ... Wakabayashi, K. (2015). Post-meal perceivable satiety and subsequent energy intake with intake of partially hydrolysed guar gum. The British Journal of Nutrition, 113(9), pp. 1489-98. doi:10.1017/S0007114515000756.
Rao TP, et al. Post-meal Perceivable Satiety and Subsequent Energy Intake With Intake of Partially Hydrolysed Guar Gum. Br J Nutr. 2015 May 14;113(9):1489-98. PubMed PMID: 25851425.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Post-meal perceivable satiety and subsequent energy intake with intake of partially hydrolysed guar gum. AU - Rao,Theertham Pradyumna, AU - Hayakawa,Mariko, AU - Minami,Tadayasu, AU - Ishihara,Noriyuki, AU - Kapoor,Mahendra Parkash, AU - Ohkubo,Tsutomu, AU - Juneja,Lekh Raj, AU - Wakabayashi,Kazuo, Y1 - 2015/04/08/ PY - 2015/4/9/entrez PY - 2015/4/9/pubmed PY - 2015/8/4/medline KW - Energy intake KW - Partially hydrolysed guar gum KW - Satiety KW - Soluble fibre KW - Visual analogue scales SP - 1489 EP - 98 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br. J. Nutr. VL - 113 IS - 9 N2 - Partially hydrolysed guar gum (PHGG), a soluble dietary fibre, has been shown to provide many health benefits. Previous studies had suggested that the combination of PHGG with protein provided a significant satiation effect on visual analogue scales (VAS). What was lacking was only the effect of administration of small doses of PHGG on post-meal satiation and subsequent energy intake. The objectives of the present investigations were to find the subjective perception of post-meal satiety with acute and long term administration of small amounts of PHGG alone with food, its effects on subsequent energy intake and the comparative effects among different types of soluble fibres. The following three separate studies were conducted: in study 1, healthy subjects (n 12) consumed PHGG along with breakfast, lunch and an evening snack; in study 2, healthy subjects (n 24) consumed 2 g of PHGG or dextrin along with yogurt as breakfast for 2 weeks; in study 3, healthy subjects (n 6) took 6 g each of either PHGG or indigestible dextrin or inulin along with lunch. In all the studies, various satiety parameters were measured on VAS before and after consumption of PHGG. The addition of PHGG showed significant (P < 0.05) acute (studies 1 and 3) and long-term (studies 1 and 2) satiety effects compared to the control and/or an equal amount of carbohydrate or other types of soluble fibre. Study 2 also indicated that the prolonged consumption of PHGG may significantly (P < 0.05) reduce energy intake from whole-day snacking. PHGG could be an ideal natural soluble fibre for delivering acute and long term satiety effects for comfortable appetite control. SN - 1475-2662 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25851425/Post_meal_perceivable_satiety_and_subsequent_energy_intake_with_intake_of_partially_hydrolysed_guar_gum_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0007114515000756/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -