Molecular mechanisms of the protective role of wheat germ oil against cyclosporin A-induced hepatotoxicity in rats.Pharm Biol 2015; 53(9):1311-7PB
Cyclosporin A (CsA) is one of the most important immunosuppressive agents. However, its clinical use is strongly limited by several side effects including hepatotoxicity which remains a major clinical problem. Involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in CsA-induced hepatotoxicity has been reported.
This study investigates the potential protective role of wheat germ oil (WGO) as an antioxidant against CsA-induced hepatotoxicity.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Twenty-four male Wistar albino rats (six animals in each group) received castor oil, the vehicle of CsA i.p. (control) or either CsA (25 mg/kg/d i.p.), WGO (900 mg/kg/d by oral gavage), or CsA in combination with WGO daily for 21 d.
CsA administration significantly increased serum levels of the liver enzymes alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). In addition, an increase in lipid peroxidation, inducible NO-synthase (iNOS), and NF-κB expression were observed in hepatic tissues of CsA-alone-treated rats. Furthermore, significant reduction in the hepatic content of reduced glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT) was also observed in CsA-alone-treated animals. Moreover, histopathological changes occurred in CsA-alone-treated rats. Concomitant administration of WGO along with CsA improved all these parameters. Most interestingly, the immunosuppressive effect of CsA was not affected by WGO.
The present study suggests that concomitant use of WGO might be useful in reducing liver toxicity induced by CsA via inhibition of ROS, iNOS, and NF-κB expression.