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Psychometric properties of the faces version of the Malay-modified child dental anxiety scale.
BMC Oral Health. 2015 Mar 10; 15:28.BO

Abstract

BACKGROUND

To evaluate the psychometric properties of the faces version of the Modified Child Dental Anxiety Scale (MCDASf) Malay version in 5-6 and 9-12 year-old children.

METHODS

The MCDASf was cross culturally adapted from English into Malay. The Malay version was tested for reliability and validity in 3 studies. In the Study 1, to determine test-retest reliability of MCDASf scale, 166 preschool children aged 5-6 years were asked to rank orders five cartoons faces depicting emotions from 'very happy' to 'very sad' faces on two separate occasions 3 weeks apart. A total of 87 other 5-6 year-old children completed the Malay-MCDASf on two separate occasions 3 weeks apart to determine test-retest reliability for Study 2. In study 3, 239 schoolchildren aged 9-12 years completed the Malay-MCDASf and the Malay-Dental Subscale of the Children Fear Survey Schedule (CFSS-DS) at the same sitting to determine the criterion and construct validity.

RESULTS

In study 1, Kendall W test showed a high degree of concordance in ranking the cartoon faces picture cards on each of the 2 occasions (time 1, W = 0.955 and time 2, W = 0.954). The Malay-MCDASf demonstrated moderate test-retest reliability (Intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.63, p <0.001) and acceptable internal consistency for all the 6 items (Cronbach's alpha = 0.77) and 8 items (Cronbach's alpha = 0.73). The highest MCDASf scores were observed for the items 'injection in the gum' and 'tooth taken out' for both age groups. The MCDASf significantly correlated with the CFSS-DS (Pearson r = 0.67, p < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS

These psychometric findings support for the inclusion of a cartoon faces rating scale to assess child dental anxiety and the Malay-MCDASf is a reliable and valid measure of dental anxiety in 5-12 year-old children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Community Oral Health & Clinical Prevention, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. rashidah@um.edu.my. Community Oral Health Research Group, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. rashidah@um.edu.my.Oral Health Division, Ministry of Health, Pitas, Sabah, Malaysia. atikah_ng@yahoo.com.Oral Health Division, Ministry of Health, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia. dryuliana87@yahoo.com.Department of Community Oral Health & Clinical Prevention, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. zamros@um.edu.my. Community Oral Health Research Group, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. zamros@um.edu.my.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25886943

Citation

Esa, Rashidah, et al. "Psychometric Properties of the Faces Version of the Malay-modified Child Dental Anxiety Scale." BMC Oral Health, vol. 15, 2015, p. 28.
Esa R, Hashim NA, Ayob Y, et al. Psychometric properties of the faces version of the Malay-modified child dental anxiety scale. BMC Oral Health. 2015;15:28.
Esa, R., Hashim, N. A., Ayob, Y., & Yusof, Z. Y. (2015). Psychometric properties of the faces version of the Malay-modified child dental anxiety scale. BMC Oral Health, 15, 28. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12903-015-0013-y
Esa R, et al. Psychometric Properties of the Faces Version of the Malay-modified Child Dental Anxiety Scale. BMC Oral Health. 2015 Mar 10;15:28. PubMed PMID: 25886943.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Psychometric properties of the faces version of the Malay-modified child dental anxiety scale. AU - Esa,Rashidah, AU - Hashim,Noratikah Awang, AU - Ayob,Yuliana, AU - Yusof,Zamros Yuzadi Mohd, Y1 - 2015/03/10/ PY - 2014/10/03/received PY - 2015/02/19/accepted PY - 2015/4/19/entrez PY - 2015/4/19/pubmed PY - 2016/10/7/medline SP - 28 EP - 28 JF - BMC oral health JO - BMC Oral Health VL - 15 N2 - BACKGROUND: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the faces version of the Modified Child Dental Anxiety Scale (MCDASf) Malay version in 5-6 and 9-12 year-old children. METHODS: The MCDASf was cross culturally adapted from English into Malay. The Malay version was tested for reliability and validity in 3 studies. In the Study 1, to determine test-retest reliability of MCDASf scale, 166 preschool children aged 5-6 years were asked to rank orders five cartoons faces depicting emotions from 'very happy' to 'very sad' faces on two separate occasions 3 weeks apart. A total of 87 other 5-6 year-old children completed the Malay-MCDASf on two separate occasions 3 weeks apart to determine test-retest reliability for Study 2. In study 3, 239 schoolchildren aged 9-12 years completed the Malay-MCDASf and the Malay-Dental Subscale of the Children Fear Survey Schedule (CFSS-DS) at the same sitting to determine the criterion and construct validity. RESULTS: In study 1, Kendall W test showed a high degree of concordance in ranking the cartoon faces picture cards on each of the 2 occasions (time 1, W = 0.955 and time 2, W = 0.954). The Malay-MCDASf demonstrated moderate test-retest reliability (Intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.63, p <0.001) and acceptable internal consistency for all the 6 items (Cronbach's alpha = 0.77) and 8 items (Cronbach's alpha = 0.73). The highest MCDASf scores were observed for the items 'injection in the gum' and 'tooth taken out' for both age groups. The MCDASf significantly correlated with the CFSS-DS (Pearson r = 0.67, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: These psychometric findings support for the inclusion of a cartoon faces rating scale to assess child dental anxiety and the Malay-MCDASf is a reliable and valid measure of dental anxiety in 5-12 year-old children. SN - 1472-6831 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25886943/Psychometric_properties_of_the_faces_version_of_the_Malay_modified_child_dental_anxiety_scale_ L2 - https://bmcoralhealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12903-015-0013-y DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -