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Co-morbidities associated with molar-incisor hypomineralisation in 8 to 16 year old pupils in Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
BMC Oral Health. 2015 Mar 13; 15:37.BO

Abstract

BACKGROUND

This study aimed to identify the prevalence of oral co-morbidities in 8 to 16 years old children with Molar Incisor Hypomineralisation (MIH) and compare this with the prevalence of same oral lesions in children without MIH.

METHOD

Study participants were selected through a multi-staged sampling technique. The children were asked if they had dentine hypersensitivity or any concerns about their aesthetics. Children were examined for MIH, caries, traumatic dental injury and their oral hygiene status. The association between MIH and each of the independent variables was determined.

RESULTS

Only children with MIH had aesthetic related concerns and dentine hypersensitivity. The differences in the oral hygiene status (p < 0.001) and caries prevalence (p < 0.001) of children with and without MIH were statistically significant. The prevalence of traumatic dental injury did not differ statistically between children with MIH and those without MIH (p = 0.24).

CONCLUSION

Children with MIH had more oral pathologies than children without MIH. These co-morbidities (dentine hypersensitivity, aesthetic concerns, caries and oral hygiene) are capable of impacting negatively on the quality of life of the children. Screening for children with MIH may help facilitate prompt access to treatment.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Child Dental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. ayotitus4christ@gmail.com.Department of Child Dental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. toyinukpong@yahoo.co.uk. Department of Child Dental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. toyinukpong@yahoo.co.uk.Department of Child Dental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. casofowora@gmail.com. Department of Child Dental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. casofowora@gmail.com.Department of Child Dental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. elioziegbe@yahoo.com. Department of Child Dental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. elioziegbe@yahoo.com.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25887347

Citation

Oyedele, Titus Ayodeji, et al. "Co-morbidities Associated With Molar-incisor Hypomineralisation in 8 to 16 Year Old Pupils in Ile-Ife, Nigeria." BMC Oral Health, vol. 15, 2015, p. 37.
Oyedele TA, Folayan MO, Adekoya-Sofowora CA, et al. Co-morbidities associated with molar-incisor hypomineralisation in 8 to 16 year old pupils in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. BMC Oral Health. 2015;15:37.
Oyedele, T. A., Folayan, M. O., Adekoya-Sofowora, C. A., & Oziegbe, E. O. (2015). Co-morbidities associated with molar-incisor hypomineralisation in 8 to 16 year old pupils in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. BMC Oral Health, 15, 37. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12903-015-0017-7
Oyedele TA, et al. Co-morbidities Associated With Molar-incisor Hypomineralisation in 8 to 16 Year Old Pupils in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. BMC Oral Health. 2015 Mar 13;15:37. PubMed PMID: 25887347.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Co-morbidities associated with molar-incisor hypomineralisation in 8 to 16 year old pupils in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. AU - Oyedele,Titus Ayodeji, AU - Folayan,Morenike O, AU - Adekoya-Sofowora,Comfort A, AU - Oziegbe,Elizabeth O, Y1 - 2015/03/13/ PY - 2014/10/13/received PY - 2015/02/19/accepted PY - 2015/4/19/entrez PY - 2015/4/19/pubmed PY - 2016/10/7/medline SP - 37 EP - 37 JF - BMC oral health JO - BMC Oral Health VL - 15 N2 - BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify the prevalence of oral co-morbidities in 8 to 16 years old children with Molar Incisor Hypomineralisation (MIH) and compare this with the prevalence of same oral lesions in children without MIH. METHOD: Study participants were selected through a multi-staged sampling technique. The children were asked if they had dentine hypersensitivity or any concerns about their aesthetics. Children were examined for MIH, caries, traumatic dental injury and their oral hygiene status. The association between MIH and each of the independent variables was determined. RESULTS: Only children with MIH had aesthetic related concerns and dentine hypersensitivity. The differences in the oral hygiene status (p < 0.001) and caries prevalence (p < 0.001) of children with and without MIH were statistically significant. The prevalence of traumatic dental injury did not differ statistically between children with MIH and those without MIH (p = 0.24). CONCLUSION: Children with MIH had more oral pathologies than children without MIH. These co-morbidities (dentine hypersensitivity, aesthetic concerns, caries and oral hygiene) are capable of impacting negatively on the quality of life of the children. Screening for children with MIH may help facilitate prompt access to treatment. SN - 1472-6831 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25887347/Co_morbidities_associated_with_molar_incisor_hypomineralisation_in_8_to_16_year_old_pupils_in_Ile_Ife_Nigeria_ L2 - https://bmcoralhealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12903-015-0017-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -