Long-term outcomes of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor-combined conditioning in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from HLA-identical family donors for myeloid malignancies.Leuk Res. 2015 Jun; 39(6):625-31.LR
Dormant leukemia cells, which might escape the cytotoxic effect of conditioning before hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), could be induced to enter the cell cycle by granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and become more susceptible to the cell-cycle-specific agent cytarabine arabinoside (Ara-C). Based on this effect, we have utilized G-CSF-combined high-dose Ara-C in myeloablative conditioning for allogeneic bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation from HLA-identical family donors since 1988. We report on the long-term outcomes of allogeneic HSCT using a conditioning regimen of 12Gy total body irradiation and G-CSF-combined high-dose Ara-C in 89 adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia, chronic myelogenous leukemia, or myelodysplastic syndrome. With a median follow-up of 135 months, the probability of overall survival and cumulative incidence of relapse at 5 years were 67.8% and 19.4%, respectively. In multivariate analysis, disease status at HSCT was associated with survival and relapse. These data demonstrate that G-CSF-combined myeloablative conditioning could be safely and effectively used for patients with myeloid malignancies.