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All-in-one interictal presurgical imaging in patients with epilepsy: single-session EEG/PET/(f)MRI.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2015; 42(7):1133-43EJ

Abstract

PURPOSE

In patients with pharmacoresistant focal epilepsy, resection of the epileptic focus can lead to freedom from seizures or significant improvement in well-selected candidates. Localization of the epileptic focus with multimodal concordance is crucial for a good postoperative outcome. Beyond the detection of epileptogenic lesions on structural MRI and focal hypometabolism on FDG PET, EEG-based Electric Source Imaging (ESI) and simultaneous EEG and functional MRI (EEG-fMRI) are increasingly applied for mapping epileptic activity. We here report presurgical multimodal interictal imaging using a hybrid PET/MR scanner for single-session FDG PET, MRI, EEG-fMRI and ESI.

METHODS

This quadrimodal imaging procedure was performed in a single session in 12 patients using a high-density (256 electrodes) MR-compatible EEG system and a hybrid PET/MR scanner. EEG was used to exclude subclinical seizures during uptake of the PET tracer, to compute ESI on interictal epileptiform discharges and to guide fMRI analysis for mapping haemodynamic changes correlated with interictal epileptiform activity.

RESULTS

The whole multimodal recording was performed in less than 2 hours with good patient comfort and data quality. Clinically contributory examinations with at least two modalities were obtained in nine patients and with all modalities in five patients.

CONCLUSION

This single-session quadrimodal imaging procedure provided reliable and contributory interictal clinical data. This procedure avoids multiple scanning sessions and is associated with less radiation exposure than PET-CT. Moreover, it guarantees the same medication level and medical condition for all modalities. The procedure improves workflow and could reduce the duration and cost of presurgical epilepsy evaluations.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Radiology and Medical Informatics, Geneva University Hospital, 1211, Geneva 14, Switzerland.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25893383

Citation

Grouiller, Frédéric, et al. "All-in-one Interictal Presurgical Imaging in Patients With Epilepsy: Single-session EEG/PET/(f)MRI." European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, vol. 42, no. 7, 2015, pp. 1133-43.
Grouiller F, Delattre BM, Pittau F, et al. All-in-one interictal presurgical imaging in patients with epilepsy: single-session EEG/PET/(f)MRI. Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2015;42(7):1133-43.
Grouiller, F., Delattre, B. M., Pittau, F., Heinzer, S., Lazeyras, F., Spinelli, L., ... Vulliemoz, S. (2015). All-in-one interictal presurgical imaging in patients with epilepsy: single-session EEG/PET/(f)MRI. European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, 42(7), pp. 1133-43. doi:10.1007/s00259-015-3045-2.
Grouiller F, et al. All-in-one Interictal Presurgical Imaging in Patients With Epilepsy: Single-session EEG/PET/(f)MRI. Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2015;42(7):1133-43. PubMed PMID: 25893383.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - All-in-one interictal presurgical imaging in patients with epilepsy: single-session EEG/PET/(f)MRI. AU - Grouiller,Frédéric, AU - Delattre,Bénédicte M A, AU - Pittau,Francesca, AU - Heinzer,Susanne, AU - Lazeyras,François, AU - Spinelli,Laurent, AU - Iannotti,Giannina R, AU - Seeck,Margitta, AU - Ratib,Osman, AU - Vargas,Maria I, AU - Garibotto,Valentina, AU - Vulliemoz,Serge, Y1 - 2015/04/17/ PY - 2014/10/29/received PY - 2015/03/10/accepted PY - 2015/4/21/entrez PY - 2015/4/22/pubmed PY - 2016/2/10/medline SP - 1133 EP - 43 JF - European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging JO - Eur. J. Nucl. Med. Mol. Imaging VL - 42 IS - 7 N2 - PURPOSE: In patients with pharmacoresistant focal epilepsy, resection of the epileptic focus can lead to freedom from seizures or significant improvement in well-selected candidates. Localization of the epileptic focus with multimodal concordance is crucial for a good postoperative outcome. Beyond the detection of epileptogenic lesions on structural MRI and focal hypometabolism on FDG PET, EEG-based Electric Source Imaging (ESI) and simultaneous EEG and functional MRI (EEG-fMRI) are increasingly applied for mapping epileptic activity. We here report presurgical multimodal interictal imaging using a hybrid PET/MR scanner for single-session FDG PET, MRI, EEG-fMRI and ESI. METHODS: This quadrimodal imaging procedure was performed in a single session in 12 patients using a high-density (256 electrodes) MR-compatible EEG system and a hybrid PET/MR scanner. EEG was used to exclude subclinical seizures during uptake of the PET tracer, to compute ESI on interictal epileptiform discharges and to guide fMRI analysis for mapping haemodynamic changes correlated with interictal epileptiform activity. RESULTS: The whole multimodal recording was performed in less than 2 hours with good patient comfort and data quality. Clinically contributory examinations with at least two modalities were obtained in nine patients and with all modalities in five patients. CONCLUSION: This single-session quadrimodal imaging procedure provided reliable and contributory interictal clinical data. This procedure avoids multiple scanning sessions and is associated with less radiation exposure than PET-CT. Moreover, it guarantees the same medication level and medical condition for all modalities. The procedure improves workflow and could reduce the duration and cost of presurgical epilepsy evaluations. SN - 1619-7089 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25893383/All_in_one_interictal_presurgical_imaging_in_patients_with_epilepsy:_single_session_EEG/PET/_f_MRI_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00259-015-3045-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -