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CYP94-mediated jasmonoyl-isoleucine hormone oxidation shapes jasmonate profiles and attenuates defence responses to Botrytis cinerea infection.
J Exp Bot. 2015 Jul; 66(13):3879-92.JE

Abstract

Induced resistance to the necrotrophic pathogen Botrytis cinerea depends on jasmonate metabolism and signalling in Arabidopsis. We have presented here extensive jasmonate profiling in this pathosystem and investigated the impact of the recently reported jasmonoyl-isoleucine (JA-Ile) catabolic pathway mediated by cytochrome P450 (CYP94) enzymes. Using a series of mutant and overexpressing (OE) plant lines, we showed that CYP94B3 and CYP94C1 are integral components of the fungus-induced jasmonate metabolic pathway and control the abundance of oxidized conjugated but also some unconjugated derivatives, such as sulfated 12-HSO4-JA. Despite causing JA-Ile overaccumulation due to impaired oxidation, CYP94 deficiency had negligible impacts on resistance, associated with enhanced JAZ repressor transcript levels. In contrast, plants overexpressing (OE) CYP94B3 or CYP94C1 were enriched in 12-OH-JA-Ile or 12-COOH-JA-Ile respectively. This shift towards oxidized JA-Ile derivatives was concomitant with strongly impaired defence gene induction and reduced disease resistance. CYP94B3-OE, but unexpectedly not CYP94C1-OE, plants displayed reduced JA-Ile levels compared with the wild type, suggesting that increased susceptibility in CYP94C1-OE plants may result from changes in the hormone oxidation ratio rather than absolute changes in JA-Ile levels. Consistently, while feeding JA-Ile to seedlings triggered strong induction of JA pathway genes, induction was largely reduced or abolished after feeding with the CYP94 products 12-OH-JA-Ile and 12-COOH-JA-Ile, respectively. This trend paralleled in vitro pull-down assays where 12-COOH-JA-Ile was unable to promote COI1-JAZ9 co-receptor assembly. Our results highlight the dual function of CYP94B3/C1 in antimicrobial defence: by controlling hormone oxidation status for signal attenuation, these enzymes also define JA-Ile as a metabolic hub directing jasmonate profile complexity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institut de Biologie Moléculaire des Plantes, Unité Propre de Recherche 2357 du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université de Strasbourg, 12 rue du Général Zimmer 67084 Strasbourg Cedex, France.Institut de Biologie Moléculaire des Plantes, Unité Propre de Recherche 2357 du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université de Strasbourg, 12 rue du Général Zimmer 67084 Strasbourg Cedex, France Institut de Biologie Moléculaire des Plantes, Unité Propre de Recherche 2357 du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université de Strasbourg, 28 rue Goethe, 67083 Strasbourg Cedex, France.Laboratoire de Chimie Organique Synthétique, Institut de Chimie, Unité Mixte de Recherche 7177 Université de Strasbourg-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 1 rue Blaise Pascal 67008 Strasbourg Cedex, France.Institut de Biologie Moléculaire des Plantes, Unité Propre de Recherche 2357 du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université de Strasbourg, 28 rue Goethe, 67083 Strasbourg Cedex, France.Institut de Biologie Moléculaire des Plantes, Unité Propre de Recherche 2357 du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université de Strasbourg, 12 rue du Général Zimmer 67084 Strasbourg Cedex, France thierry.heitz@ibmp-cnrs.unistra.fr.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25903915

Citation

Aubert, Yann, et al. "CYP94-mediated Jasmonoyl-isoleucine Hormone Oxidation Shapes Jasmonate Profiles and Attenuates Defence Responses to Botrytis Cinerea Infection." Journal of Experimental Botany, vol. 66, no. 13, 2015, pp. 3879-92.
Aubert Y, Widemann E, Miesch L, et al. CYP94-mediated jasmonoyl-isoleucine hormone oxidation shapes jasmonate profiles and attenuates defence responses to Botrytis cinerea infection. J Exp Bot. 2015;66(13):3879-92.
Aubert, Y., Widemann, E., Miesch, L., Pinot, F., & Heitz, T. (2015). CYP94-mediated jasmonoyl-isoleucine hormone oxidation shapes jasmonate profiles and attenuates defence responses to Botrytis cinerea infection. Journal of Experimental Botany, 66(13), 3879-92. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erv190
Aubert Y, et al. CYP94-mediated Jasmonoyl-isoleucine Hormone Oxidation Shapes Jasmonate Profiles and Attenuates Defence Responses to Botrytis Cinerea Infection. J Exp Bot. 2015;66(13):3879-92. PubMed PMID: 25903915.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - CYP94-mediated jasmonoyl-isoleucine hormone oxidation shapes jasmonate profiles and attenuates defence responses to Botrytis cinerea infection. AU - Aubert,Yann, AU - Widemann,Emilie, AU - Miesch,Laurence, AU - Pinot,Franck, AU - Heitz,Thierry, Y1 - 2015/04/22/ PY - 2015/4/24/entrez PY - 2015/4/24/pubmed PY - 2016/3/29/medline KW - Antifungal defence KW - Arabidopsis KW - cytochrome P450 KW - hormone homeostasis KW - jasmonate catabolism KW - signalling. SP - 3879 EP - 92 JF - Journal of experimental botany JO - J Exp Bot VL - 66 IS - 13 N2 - Induced resistance to the necrotrophic pathogen Botrytis cinerea depends on jasmonate metabolism and signalling in Arabidopsis. We have presented here extensive jasmonate profiling in this pathosystem and investigated the impact of the recently reported jasmonoyl-isoleucine (JA-Ile) catabolic pathway mediated by cytochrome P450 (CYP94) enzymes. Using a series of mutant and overexpressing (OE) plant lines, we showed that CYP94B3 and CYP94C1 are integral components of the fungus-induced jasmonate metabolic pathway and control the abundance of oxidized conjugated but also some unconjugated derivatives, such as sulfated 12-HSO4-JA. Despite causing JA-Ile overaccumulation due to impaired oxidation, CYP94 deficiency had negligible impacts on resistance, associated with enhanced JAZ repressor transcript levels. In contrast, plants overexpressing (OE) CYP94B3 or CYP94C1 were enriched in 12-OH-JA-Ile or 12-COOH-JA-Ile respectively. This shift towards oxidized JA-Ile derivatives was concomitant with strongly impaired defence gene induction and reduced disease resistance. CYP94B3-OE, but unexpectedly not CYP94C1-OE, plants displayed reduced JA-Ile levels compared with the wild type, suggesting that increased susceptibility in CYP94C1-OE plants may result from changes in the hormone oxidation ratio rather than absolute changes in JA-Ile levels. Consistently, while feeding JA-Ile to seedlings triggered strong induction of JA pathway genes, induction was largely reduced or abolished after feeding with the CYP94 products 12-OH-JA-Ile and 12-COOH-JA-Ile, respectively. This trend paralleled in vitro pull-down assays where 12-COOH-JA-Ile was unable to promote COI1-JAZ9 co-receptor assembly. Our results highlight the dual function of CYP94B3/C1 in antimicrobial defence: by controlling hormone oxidation status for signal attenuation, these enzymes also define JA-Ile as a metabolic hub directing jasmonate profile complexity. SN - 1460-2431 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25903915/CYP94_mediated_jasmonoyl_isoleucine_hormone_oxidation_shapes_jasmonate_profiles_and_attenuates_defence_responses_to_Botrytis_cinerea_infection_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/jxb/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/jxb/erv190 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -