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Anxiety, Depression and Quality of Life among Patients with Recurrent Aphthous Ulcers.
J Contemp Dent Pract. 2015 02 01; 16(2):112-7.JC

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Recurrent aphtous ulcers (RAUs) are of the most painful and common oral mucosal diseases with uncertain etiology including trauma, genetics, stress, immune dysfunction, and vitamin deficiencies. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between oral health impacts, patients' oral health-related quality of life and anxiety and depression in patients with recurrent aphtous ulcers.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS

Sixty patients were diagnosed RAU (30 men and 30 women, mean age: 29.5 ± 9.6 years) and sixty controls, who matched the patients with age and gender, participated in this study. Participants completed hospital anxiety and depression (HAD) scale, oral health impact profile (OHIP-14), and United Kingdom oral health related quality of life measure (OHQoL-UK). The statistically significance levels were set at p ≤ 0.05.

RESULTS

Both patients and controls reported comparable depression and anxiety scores (p > 0.05). Ulcer patients reported worse oral health impacts and inferior quality of life in comparison to controls (p < 0.001). Among both groups, no relationships were detected between HAD scores on one hand and OHIP and/or OHQoL-UK on the other hand (p > 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS

Recurrent aphthous ulcers increase the negative oral health impacts on patients and consequently cause inferior quality of life. Stressful situations and conditions (including anxiety and depression) were not related to oral health impacts and quality of life in patients with RAUs.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Assistant Professor and Head, Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine, Faculty of Dentistry, Al Jouf University, Sakakah, Saudi Arabia, Phone: 00966-500341935, e-mail: dr_zwiri@yahoo.com.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25906801

Citation

Zwiri, Abdalwahab M A.. "Anxiety, Depression and Quality of Life Among Patients With Recurrent Aphthous Ulcers." The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice, vol. 16, no. 2, 2015, pp. 112-7.
Zwiri AM. Anxiety, Depression and Quality of Life among Patients with Recurrent Aphthous Ulcers. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2015;16(2):112-7.
Zwiri, A. M. (2015). Anxiety, Depression and Quality of Life among Patients with Recurrent Aphthous Ulcers. The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice, 16(2), 112-7.
Zwiri AM. Anxiety, Depression and Quality of Life Among Patients With Recurrent Aphthous Ulcers. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2015 02 1;16(2):112-7. PubMed PMID: 25906801.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Anxiety, Depression and Quality of Life among Patients with Recurrent Aphthous Ulcers. A1 - Zwiri,Abdalwahab M A, Y1 - 2015/02/01/ PY - 2015/4/25/entrez PY - 2015/4/25/pubmed PY - 2016/9/20/medline KW - HAD scale KW - OHIP-14 KW - OHQoL-UK KW - Recurrent aphthous ulcers SP - 112 EP - 7 JF - The journal of contemporary dental practice JO - J Contemp Dent Pract VL - 16 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: Recurrent aphtous ulcers (RAUs) are of the most painful and common oral mucosal diseases with uncertain etiology including trauma, genetics, stress, immune dysfunction, and vitamin deficiencies. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between oral health impacts, patients' oral health-related quality of life and anxiety and depression in patients with recurrent aphtous ulcers. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Sixty patients were diagnosed RAU (30 men and 30 women, mean age: 29.5 ± 9.6 years) and sixty controls, who matched the patients with age and gender, participated in this study. Participants completed hospital anxiety and depression (HAD) scale, oral health impact profile (OHIP-14), and United Kingdom oral health related quality of life measure (OHQoL-UK). The statistically significance levels were set at p ≤ 0.05. RESULTS: Both patients and controls reported comparable depression and anxiety scores (p > 0.05). Ulcer patients reported worse oral health impacts and inferior quality of life in comparison to controls (p < 0.001). Among both groups, no relationships were detected between HAD scores on one hand and OHIP and/or OHQoL-UK on the other hand (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Recurrent aphthous ulcers increase the negative oral health impacts on patients and consequently cause inferior quality of life. Stressful situations and conditions (including anxiety and depression) were not related to oral health impacts and quality of life in patients with RAUs. SN - 1526-3711 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25906801/Anxiety_Depression_and_Quality_of_Life_among_Patients_with_Recurrent_Aphthous_Ulcers_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/7698 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -