Anxiety, Depression and Quality of Life among Patients with Recurrent Aphthous Ulcers.J Contemp Dent Pract. 2015 02 01; 16(2):112-7.JC
Recurrent aphtous ulcers (RAUs) are of the most painful and common oral mucosal diseases with uncertain etiology including trauma, genetics, stress, immune dysfunction, and vitamin deficiencies. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between oral health impacts, patients' oral health-related quality of life and anxiety and depression in patients with recurrent aphtous ulcers.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS
Sixty patients were diagnosed RAU (30 men and 30 women, mean age: 29.5 ± 9.6 years) and sixty controls, who matched the patients with age and gender, participated in this study. Participants completed hospital anxiety and depression (HAD) scale, oral health impact profile (OHIP-14), and United Kingdom oral health related quality of life measure (OHQoL-UK). The statistically significance levels were set at p ≤ 0.05.
Both patients and controls reported comparable depression and anxiety scores (p > 0.05). Ulcer patients reported worse oral health impacts and inferior quality of life in comparison to controls (p < 0.001). Among both groups, no relationships were detected between HAD scores on one hand and OHIP and/or OHQoL-UK on the other hand (p > 0.05).
Recurrent aphthous ulcers increase the negative oral health impacts on patients and consequently cause inferior quality of life. Stressful situations and conditions (including anxiety and depression) were not related to oral health impacts and quality of life in patients with RAUs.