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Trends in SSBs and snack consumption among children by age, body weight, and race/ethnicity.
Obesity (Silver Spring). 2015 May; 23(5):1039-46.O

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To describe national trends in discretionary calories from sugar sweetened beverage (SSB) and snacks by age-specific body weight categories and by age- and weight-specific race/ethnicity groups. Examining these subpopulations is important as population averages may mask important differences.

DESIGN AND METHODS

24-hour dietary recall data obtained from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2010 among children aged 2 to 19 (N = 14,092) were used. Logistic and linear regression methods were used to adjust for multiple covariates and survey design.

RESULTS

The number of calories from SSBs declined significantly for nearly all age-specific body weight groups. Among overweight or obese children, significant declines in the number of calories from SSBs were observed among Hispanic children aged 2 to 5 (117 vs. 174 kcal) and white adolescents aged 12 to 19 (299 vs. 365 kcal). Significant declines in the number of calories from salty snacks were observed among white children aged 2 to 5 (192 to 134 kcal) and 6 to 11 (273 vs. 200 kcal).

CONCLUSIONS

The decrease in SSB consumption and increase in snack consumption observed in prior research are not uniform when children are examined within subgroups accounting for age, weight, and race/ethnicity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25919923

Citation

Bleich, Sara N., and Julia A. Wolfson. "Trends in SSBs and Snack Consumption Among Children By Age, Body Weight, and Race/ethnicity." Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), vol. 23, no. 5, 2015, pp. 1039-46.
Bleich SN, Wolfson JA. Trends in SSBs and snack consumption among children by age, body weight, and race/ethnicity. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2015;23(5):1039-46.
Bleich, S. N., & Wolfson, J. A. (2015). Trends in SSBs and snack consumption among children by age, body weight, and race/ethnicity. Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), 23(5), 1039-46. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.21050
Bleich SN, Wolfson JA. Trends in SSBs and Snack Consumption Among Children By Age, Body Weight, and Race/ethnicity. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2015;23(5):1039-46. PubMed PMID: 25919923.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Trends in SSBs and snack consumption among children by age, body weight, and race/ethnicity. AU - Bleich,Sara N, AU - Wolfson,Julia A, PY - 2014/11/03/received PY - 2015/01/21/accepted PY - 2015/4/29/entrez PY - 2015/4/29/pubmed PY - 2015/12/15/medline SP - 1039 EP - 46 JF - Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.) JO - Obesity (Silver Spring) VL - 23 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To describe national trends in discretionary calories from sugar sweetened beverage (SSB) and snacks by age-specific body weight categories and by age- and weight-specific race/ethnicity groups. Examining these subpopulations is important as population averages may mask important differences. DESIGN AND METHODS: 24-hour dietary recall data obtained from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2010 among children aged 2 to 19 (N = 14,092) were used. Logistic and linear regression methods were used to adjust for multiple covariates and survey design. RESULTS: The number of calories from SSBs declined significantly for nearly all age-specific body weight groups. Among overweight or obese children, significant declines in the number of calories from SSBs were observed among Hispanic children aged 2 to 5 (117 vs. 174 kcal) and white adolescents aged 12 to 19 (299 vs. 365 kcal). Significant declines in the number of calories from salty snacks were observed among white children aged 2 to 5 (192 to 134 kcal) and 6 to 11 (273 vs. 200 kcal). CONCLUSIONS: The decrease in SSB consumption and increase in snack consumption observed in prior research are not uniform when children are examined within subgroups accounting for age, weight, and race/ethnicity. SN - 1930-739X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25919923/Trends_in_SSBs_and_snack_consumption_among_children_by_age_body_weight_and_race/ethnicity_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.21050 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -