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Dietary status of Seventh-Day Adventist vegetarian and non-vegetarian elderly women.
J Am Diet Assoc. 1989 Dec; 89(12):1763-9.JA

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate nutrient intakes of Seventh-Day Adventist elderly women who were similar in many demographic and life-style factors except for choice of diet. Twenty-three vegetarian and 14 non-vegetarian elderly women (mean +/- standard error ages 72.2 +/- 1.3 and 71.1 +/- 1.4 years, respectively) were recruited on the basis of several selection criteria, including race, religion, education, geographic area, Quetelet index, self-reported absence of major chronic disease and use of medications, and physical activity. Average years +/- SE of adherence to dietary regimens were 47.0 +/- 2.9 and 71.2 +/- 1.4 in the vegetarian and non-vegetarian groups, respectively. Results from analysis of 7-day food records showed that vegetarians consumed significantly less cholesterol, saturated fatty acids, and caffeine but more carbohydrate, dietary fiber, magnesium, vitamins E and A, thiamin, pantothenic acid, copper, and manganese than non-vegetarians (p less than .05). On the basis of group means, 67% of the Recommended Dietary Allowance was met for all nutrients except zinc and vitamin D in both groups, and vitamins B-6, folacin, and vitamin E in the non-vegetarians. Compared with non-vegetarians, vegetarians had significantly lower serum glucose (5.18 +/- 0.11 vs. 4.65 +/- 0.09 mmol/L), low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (4.08 +/- 0.25 vs. 3.34 +/- 0.19 mmol/L), and total cholesterol levels (6.46 +/- 0.27 vs. 5.62 +/- 0.21 mmol/L) (p less than .05). In summary, when healthy elderly vegetarian women were compared with closely matched non-vegetarian peers, the vegetarian diet was associated with improved nutrient intake and associated reductions in blood glucose and lipid levels.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition and Health Science, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, California 92350.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

2592707

Citation

Nieman, D C., et al. "Dietary Status of Seventh-Day Adventist Vegetarian and Non-vegetarian Elderly Women." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 89, no. 12, 1989, pp. 1763-9.
Nieman DC, Underwood BC, Sherman KM, et al. Dietary status of Seventh-Day Adventist vegetarian and non-vegetarian elderly women. J Am Diet Assoc. 1989;89(12):1763-9.
Nieman, D. C., Underwood, B. C., Sherman, K. M., Arabatzis, K., Barbosa, J. C., Johnson, M., & Shultz, T. D. (1989). Dietary status of Seventh-Day Adventist vegetarian and non-vegetarian elderly women. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 89(12), 1763-9.
Nieman DC, et al. Dietary Status of Seventh-Day Adventist Vegetarian and Non-vegetarian Elderly Women. J Am Diet Assoc. 1989;89(12):1763-9. PubMed PMID: 2592707.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary status of Seventh-Day Adventist vegetarian and non-vegetarian elderly women. AU - Nieman,D C, AU - Underwood,B C, AU - Sherman,K M, AU - Arabatzis,K, AU - Barbosa,J C, AU - Johnson,M, AU - Shultz,T D, PY - 1989/12/1/pubmed PY - 1989/12/1/medline PY - 1989/12/1/entrez SP - 1763 EP - 9 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 89 IS - 12 N2 - The purpose of this study was to investigate nutrient intakes of Seventh-Day Adventist elderly women who were similar in many demographic and life-style factors except for choice of diet. Twenty-three vegetarian and 14 non-vegetarian elderly women (mean +/- standard error ages 72.2 +/- 1.3 and 71.1 +/- 1.4 years, respectively) were recruited on the basis of several selection criteria, including race, religion, education, geographic area, Quetelet index, self-reported absence of major chronic disease and use of medications, and physical activity. Average years +/- SE of adherence to dietary regimens were 47.0 +/- 2.9 and 71.2 +/- 1.4 in the vegetarian and non-vegetarian groups, respectively. Results from analysis of 7-day food records showed that vegetarians consumed significantly less cholesterol, saturated fatty acids, and caffeine but more carbohydrate, dietary fiber, magnesium, vitamins E and A, thiamin, pantothenic acid, copper, and manganese than non-vegetarians (p less than .05). On the basis of group means, 67% of the Recommended Dietary Allowance was met for all nutrients except zinc and vitamin D in both groups, and vitamins B-6, folacin, and vitamin E in the non-vegetarians. Compared with non-vegetarians, vegetarians had significantly lower serum glucose (5.18 +/- 0.11 vs. 4.65 +/- 0.09 mmol/L), low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (4.08 +/- 0.25 vs. 3.34 +/- 0.19 mmol/L), and total cholesterol levels (6.46 +/- 0.27 vs. 5.62 +/- 0.21 mmol/L) (p less than .05). In summary, when healthy elderly vegetarian women were compared with closely matched non-vegetarian peers, the vegetarian diet was associated with improved nutrient intake and associated reductions in blood glucose and lipid levels. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/2592707/Dietary_status_of_Seventh_Day_Adventist_vegetarian_and_non_vegetarian_elderly_women_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -