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[Non-suicidal self-injury in adolescents: current issues].
Neuropsychopharmacol Hung. 2015 Mar; 17(1):14-22.NH

Abstract

Although non-suicidal self-injury (NNSI), a behavior with a typical onset during adolescence, is a well-researched topic in the international literature and affects numerous adolescents both in clinical and non-clinical populations, it is rarely studied in Hungary. The aim of our paper is to review the historical and cultural background, terms and definitions used in the international and Hungarian literature, the epidemiology, the psychosocial correlates and the theories for possible predictors and functions of NSSI. Terms and definitions for NSSI evolved in international but not in Hungarian literature. Most frequently found functions for NSSI were affect regulation, self-punishment, anti-suicide, anti-dissociation. NSSI is also used to affirm interpersonal boundaries, for sensation seeking and to influence others. Prevalence of NSSI is 15-46% in community and 40-80% in clinical sample in adolescents. Hungarian results on prevalence of NSSI are relatively low in comparison with international data (7-17% in adolescent community sample). NSSI is often associated with psychiatric disorders: DSM-IV Axis I disorders are present in 88% and Axis II disorders are present in 67% of adolescent self-injurer samples. NSSI and suicidal behavior are two different but not independent phenomena: correlation is approximately 50% in community and 70% in clinical population. In conclusion we would like to highlight that NSSI affects numerous adolescents and it is often comorbid with other psychiatric disorders, thus developing adequate Hungarian terminology, increasing the amount of Hungarian studies and the up-to-date knowledge of the clinicians are necessary.

Authors+Show Affiliations

ELTE PPK, Pszichológiai Intézet, Fejlődés- és Klinikai Gyermekpszichológia Tanszék, Budapest, Hungary. balazs.judit@ppk.elte.hu.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article
Review

Language

hun

PubMed ID

25935379

Citation

Horváth, Olga Lili, et al. "[Non-suicidal Self-injury in Adolescents: Current Issues]." Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica : a Magyar Pszichofarmakologiai Egyesulet Lapja = Official Journal of the Hungarian Association of Psychopharmacology, vol. 17, no. 1, 2015, pp. 14-22.
Horváth OL, Mészáros G, Balázs J. [Non-suicidal self-injury in adolescents: current issues]. Neuropsychopharmacol Hung. 2015;17(1):14-22.
Horváth, O. L., Mészáros, G., & Balázs, J. (2015). [Non-suicidal self-injury in adolescents: current issues]. Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica : a Magyar Pszichofarmakologiai Egyesulet Lapja = Official Journal of the Hungarian Association of Psychopharmacology, 17(1), 14-22.
Horváth OL, Mészáros G, Balázs J. [Non-suicidal Self-injury in Adolescents: Current Issues]. Neuropsychopharmacol Hung. 2015;17(1):14-22. PubMed PMID: 25935379.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Non-suicidal self-injury in adolescents: current issues]. AU - Horváth,Olga Lili, AU - Mészáros,Gergely, AU - Balázs,Judit, PY - 2015/5/4/entrez PY - 2015/5/4/pubmed PY - 2015/6/26/medline SP - 14 EP - 22 JF - Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica : a Magyar Pszichofarmakologiai Egyesulet lapja = official journal of the Hungarian Association of Psychopharmacology JO - Neuropsychopharmacol Hung VL - 17 IS - 1 N2 - Although non-suicidal self-injury (NNSI), a behavior with a typical onset during adolescence, is a well-researched topic in the international literature and affects numerous adolescents both in clinical and non-clinical populations, it is rarely studied in Hungary. The aim of our paper is to review the historical and cultural background, terms and definitions used in the international and Hungarian literature, the epidemiology, the psychosocial correlates and the theories for possible predictors and functions of NSSI. Terms and definitions for NSSI evolved in international but not in Hungarian literature. Most frequently found functions for NSSI were affect regulation, self-punishment, anti-suicide, anti-dissociation. NSSI is also used to affirm interpersonal boundaries, for sensation seeking and to influence others. Prevalence of NSSI is 15-46% in community and 40-80% in clinical sample in adolescents. Hungarian results on prevalence of NSSI are relatively low in comparison with international data (7-17% in adolescent community sample). NSSI is often associated with psychiatric disorders: DSM-IV Axis I disorders are present in 88% and Axis II disorders are present in 67% of adolescent self-injurer samples. NSSI and suicidal behavior are two different but not independent phenomena: correlation is approximately 50% in community and 70% in clinical population. In conclusion we would like to highlight that NSSI affects numerous adolescents and it is often comorbid with other psychiatric disorders, thus developing adequate Hungarian terminology, increasing the amount of Hungarian studies and the up-to-date knowledge of the clinicians are necessary. SN - 1419-8711 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25935379/[Non_suicidal_self_injury_in_adolescents:_current_issues]_ L2 - https://www.mppt.hu/folyoirat/1/abstract/?vol=17&issue=1&elsooldal=14 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -