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Impact of school lunch type on nutritional quality of English children's diets.
Public Health Nutr. 2016 Jan; 19(1):36-45.PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Nutrient and food standards exist for school lunches in English primary schools although packed lunches brought from home are not regulated. The aim of the present study was to determine nutritional and dietary differences by lunch type.

DESIGN

A cross-sectional survey was carried out in 2007 assessing diet using the Child and Diet Evaluation Tool (CADET), a validated 24 h estimated food diary. The data were analysed to determine nutritional and dietary intakes over the whole day by school meal type: school meals and packed lunches.

SETTING

Fifty-four primary schools across England.

SUBJECTS

Children (n 2709) aged 6-8 years.

RESULTS

Children having a packed lunch consumed on average 11·0 g more total sugars (95 % CI 6·6, 15·3 g) and 101 mg more Na (95 % CI 29, 173 mg) over the whole day. Conversely, children having a school meal consumed, on average, 4·0 g more protein (95 % CI 2·3, 5·7 g), 0·9 g more fibre (NSP; 95 % CI 0·5, 1·3 g) and 0·4 mg more Zn (95 % CI 0·1, 0·6 mg). There was no difference in daily energy intake by lunch type. Children having a packed lunch were more likely to consume snacks and sweetened drinks; while children having a school meal were more likely to consume different types of vegetables and drink water over the whole day.

CONCLUSIONS

Compared with children having a school meal, children taking a packed lunch to school consumed a lower-quality diet over the whole day, including higher levels of sugar and Na and fewer vegetables. These findings support the introduction of policies that increase school meal uptake.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1Nutritional Epidemiology Group,School of Food Science & Nutrition,University of Leeds,Leeds LS2 9JT,UK.1Nutritional Epidemiology Group,School of Food Science & Nutrition,University of Leeds,Leeds LS2 9JT,UK.2School of Health and Wellbeing,Leeds Beckett University,Leeds LS1 3HE,UK.1Nutritional Epidemiology Group,School of Food Science & Nutrition,University of Leeds,Leeds LS2 9JT,UK.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25936356

Citation

Evans, Charlotte E L., et al. "Impact of School Lunch Type On Nutritional Quality of English Children's Diets." Public Health Nutrition, vol. 19, no. 1, 2016, pp. 36-45.
Evans CE, Mandl V, Christian MS, et al. Impact of school lunch type on nutritional quality of English children's diets. Public Health Nutr. 2016;19(1):36-45.
Evans, C. E., Mandl, V., Christian, M. S., & Cade, J. E. (2016). Impact of school lunch type on nutritional quality of English children's diets. Public Health Nutrition, 19(1), 36-45. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980015000853
Evans CE, et al. Impact of School Lunch Type On Nutritional Quality of English Children's Diets. Public Health Nutr. 2016;19(1):36-45. PubMed PMID: 25936356.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Impact of school lunch type on nutritional quality of English children's diets. AU - Evans,Charlotte E L, AU - Mandl,Vera, AU - Christian,Meaghan S, AU - Cade,Janet E, Y1 - 2015/05/04/ PY - 2015/5/5/entrez PY - 2015/5/6/pubmed PY - 2016/10/21/medline KW - Children KW - Dietary quality KW - Food intake KW - Nutrients KW - Packed lunch KW - School meal SP - 36 EP - 45 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 19 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Nutrient and food standards exist for school lunches in English primary schools although packed lunches brought from home are not regulated. The aim of the present study was to determine nutritional and dietary differences by lunch type. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in 2007 assessing diet using the Child and Diet Evaluation Tool (CADET), a validated 24 h estimated food diary. The data were analysed to determine nutritional and dietary intakes over the whole day by school meal type: school meals and packed lunches. SETTING: Fifty-four primary schools across England. SUBJECTS: Children (n 2709) aged 6-8 years. RESULTS: Children having a packed lunch consumed on average 11·0 g more total sugars (95 % CI 6·6, 15·3 g) and 101 mg more Na (95 % CI 29, 173 mg) over the whole day. Conversely, children having a school meal consumed, on average, 4·0 g more protein (95 % CI 2·3, 5·7 g), 0·9 g more fibre (NSP; 95 % CI 0·5, 1·3 g) and 0·4 mg more Zn (95 % CI 0·1, 0·6 mg). There was no difference in daily energy intake by lunch type. Children having a packed lunch were more likely to consume snacks and sweetened drinks; while children having a school meal were more likely to consume different types of vegetables and drink water over the whole day. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with children having a school meal, children taking a packed lunch to school consumed a lower-quality diet over the whole day, including higher levels of sugar and Na and fewer vegetables. These findings support the introduction of policies that increase school meal uptake. SN - 1475-2727 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25936356/Impact_of_school_lunch_type_on_nutritional_quality_of_English_children's_diets_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1368980015000853/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -