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Plant-insect interactions from Middle Triassic (late Ladinian) of Monte Agnello (Dolomites, N-Italy)-initial pattern and response to abiotic environmental perturbations.
PeerJ. 2015; 3:e921.P

Abstract

The Paleozoic-Mesozoic transition is characterized by the most massive extinction of the Phanerozoic. Nevertheless, an impressive adaptive radiation of herbivorous insects occurred on gymnosperm-dominated floras not earlier than during the Middle to Late Triassic, penecontemporaneous with similar events worldwide, all which exhibit parallel expansions of generalized and mostly specialized insect herbivory on plants, expressed as insect damage on a various plant organs and tissues. The flora from Monte Agnello is distinctive, due to its preservation in subaerially deposited pyroclastic layers with exceptionally preserved details. Thus, the para-autochthonous assemblage provides insights into environmental disturbances, caused by volcanic activity, and how they profoundly affected the structure and composition of herbivory patterns. These diverse Middle Triassic biota supply extensive evidence for insect herbivore colonization, resulting in specific and complex herbivory patterns involving the frequency and diversity of 20 distinctive damage types (DTs). These DT patterns show that external foliage feeders, piercer-and-suckers, leaf miners, gallers, and oviposition culprits were intricately using almost all tissue types from the dominant host plants of voltzialean conifers (e.g., Voltzia), horsetails, ferns (e.g., Neuropteridium, Phlebopteris, Cladophlebis and Thaumatopteris), seed ferns (e.g., Scytophyllum), and cycadophytes (e.g., Bjuvia and Nilssonia).

Authors+Show Affiliations

Steinmann Institute, University of Bonn , Bonn , Germany.Naturmuseum Südtirol , Bozen/Bolzano , Italy ; Department für Geo- und Umweltwissenschaften, Paläontologie und Geobiologie, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität and Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geobiologie , München , Germany.Museo Geologico delle Dolomiti , Predazzo (TN) , Italy.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25945313

Citation

Wappler, Torsten, et al. "Plant-insect Interactions From Middle Triassic (late Ladinian) of Monte Agnello (Dolomites, N-Italy)-initial Pattern and Response to Abiotic Environmental Perturbations." PeerJ, vol. 3, 2015, pp. e921.
Wappler T, Kustatscher E, Dellantonio E. Plant-insect interactions from Middle Triassic (late Ladinian) of Monte Agnello (Dolomites, N-Italy)-initial pattern and response to abiotic environmental perturbations. PeerJ. 2015;3:e921.
Wappler, T., Kustatscher, E., & Dellantonio, E. (2015). Plant-insect interactions from Middle Triassic (late Ladinian) of Monte Agnello (Dolomites, N-Italy)-initial pattern and response to abiotic environmental perturbations. PeerJ, 3, e921. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.921
Wappler T, Kustatscher E, Dellantonio E. Plant-insect Interactions From Middle Triassic (late Ladinian) of Monte Agnello (Dolomites, N-Italy)-initial Pattern and Response to Abiotic Environmental Perturbations. PeerJ. 2015;3:e921. PubMed PMID: 25945313.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Plant-insect interactions from Middle Triassic (late Ladinian) of Monte Agnello (Dolomites, N-Italy)-initial pattern and response to abiotic environmental perturbations. AU - Wappler,Torsten, AU - Kustatscher,Evelyn, AU - Dellantonio,Elio, Y1 - 2015/04/28/ PY - 2015/02/07/received PY - 2015/04/08/accepted PY - 2015/5/7/entrez PY - 2015/5/7/pubmed PY - 2015/5/7/medline KW - Italy KW - Longobardian KW - Plant fossils KW - Plant–animal interactions KW - Southern Alps KW - Volcanic activity SP - e921 EP - e921 JF - PeerJ VL - 3 N2 - The Paleozoic-Mesozoic transition is characterized by the most massive extinction of the Phanerozoic. Nevertheless, an impressive adaptive radiation of herbivorous insects occurred on gymnosperm-dominated floras not earlier than during the Middle to Late Triassic, penecontemporaneous with similar events worldwide, all which exhibit parallel expansions of generalized and mostly specialized insect herbivory on plants, expressed as insect damage on a various plant organs and tissues. The flora from Monte Agnello is distinctive, due to its preservation in subaerially deposited pyroclastic layers with exceptionally preserved details. Thus, the para-autochthonous assemblage provides insights into environmental disturbances, caused by volcanic activity, and how they profoundly affected the structure and composition of herbivory patterns. These diverse Middle Triassic biota supply extensive evidence for insect herbivore colonization, resulting in specific and complex herbivory patterns involving the frequency and diversity of 20 distinctive damage types (DTs). These DT patterns show that external foliage feeders, piercer-and-suckers, leaf miners, gallers, and oviposition culprits were intricately using almost all tissue types from the dominant host plants of voltzialean conifers (e.g., Voltzia), horsetails, ferns (e.g., Neuropteridium, Phlebopteris, Cladophlebis and Thaumatopteris), seed ferns (e.g., Scytophyllum), and cycadophytes (e.g., Bjuvia and Nilssonia). SN - 2167-8359 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25945313/Plant_insect_interactions_from_Middle_Triassic__late_Ladinian__of_Monte_Agnello__Dolomites_N_Italy__initial_pattern_and_response_to_abiotic_environmental_perturbations_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.921 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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