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Characterization of severe hand, foot, and mouth disease in Shenzhen, China, 2009-2013.
J Med Virol. 2015 Sep; 87(9):1471-9.JM

Abstract

Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is caused by human enteroviruses, especially by enterovirus 71 (EV71) and coxsackievirus A16 (CA16). Patients infected with different enteroviruses show varied clinical symptoms. The aim of this study was to determine whether the etiological spectrum of mild and severe HFMD changed, and the association between pathogens and clinical features. From 2009 to 2013, a total of 2,299 stool or rectal specimens were collected with corresponding patient data. A dynamic view of the etiological spectrum of mild and severe HFMD in Shenzhen city of China was provided. EV71 accounted for the majority proportion of severe HFMD cases and fatalities during 2009-2013. CA16 and EV71 were gradually replaced by coxsackievirus A6 (CA6) as the most common serotype for mild HFMD since 2010. Myoclonic jerk and vomiting were the most frequent severe symptoms. Nervous system complications, including aseptic encephalitis and aseptic meningitis were observed mainly in patients infected by EV71. Among EV71, CA16, CA6, and CA10 infection, fever and pharyngalgia were more likely to develop, vesicles on the hand, foot, elbow, knee and buttock were less likely to develop in patients infected with CA10. Vesicles on the mouth more frequently occurred in the patients with CA6, but less in the patient with EV71. Associations between diverse enterovirus serotypes and various clinical features were discovered in the present study, which may offer further insight into early detection, diagnosis and treatment of HFMD.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.First School of Clinical Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.Scientific Research Department of Nanfang Hospital Affiliated to Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.Major Infectious Disease Control Key Laboratory, Shenzhen Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shenzhen, China.Department of Health Statistics and Epidemiology, College of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.Major Infectious Disease Control Key Laboratory, Shenzhen Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shenzhen, China.Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.Major Infectious Disease Control Key Laboratory, Shenzhen Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shenzhen, China.Major Infectious Disease Control Key Laboratory, Shenzhen Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shenzhen, China.Major Infectious Disease Control Key Laboratory, Shenzhen Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shenzhen, China.Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.First School of Clinical Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China. Major Infectious Disease Control Key Laboratory, Shenzhen Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shenzhen, China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25951788

Citation

Huang, Yun, et al. "Characterization of Severe Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease in Shenzhen, China, 2009-2013." Journal of Medical Virology, vol. 87, no. 9, 2015, pp. 1471-9.
Huang Y, Zhou Y, Lu H, et al. Characterization of severe hand, foot, and mouth disease in Shenzhen, China, 2009-2013. J Med Virol. 2015;87(9):1471-9.
Huang, Y., Zhou, Y., Lu, H., Yang, H., Feng, Q., Dai, Y., Chen, L., Yu, S., Yao, X., Zhang, H., Jiang, M., Wang, Y., Han, N., Hu, G., & He, Y. (2015). Characterization of severe hand, foot, and mouth disease in Shenzhen, China, 2009-2013. Journal of Medical Virology, 87(9), 1471-9. https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.24200
Huang Y, et al. Characterization of Severe Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease in Shenzhen, China, 2009-2013. J Med Virol. 2015;87(9):1471-9. PubMed PMID: 25951788.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Characterization of severe hand, foot, and mouth disease in Shenzhen, China, 2009-2013. AU - Huang,Yun, AU - Zhou,Yuanping, AU - Lu,Hong, AU - Yang,Hong, AU - Feng,Qianjin, AU - Dai,Yingchun, AU - Chen,Long, AU - Yu,Shouyi, AU - Yao,Xiangjie, AU - Zhang,Hailong, AU - Jiang,Ming, AU - Wang,Yujie, AU - Han,Ning, AU - Hu,Guifang, AU - He,Yaqing, Y1 - 2015/05/07/ PY - 2015/02/19/accepted PY - 2015/5/9/entrez PY - 2015/5/9/pubmed PY - 2016/5/3/medline KW - clinical features KW - enterovirus KW - hand, foot, and mouth disease KW - pathogen SP - 1471 EP - 9 JF - Journal of medical virology JO - J Med Virol VL - 87 IS - 9 N2 - Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is caused by human enteroviruses, especially by enterovirus 71 (EV71) and coxsackievirus A16 (CA16). Patients infected with different enteroviruses show varied clinical symptoms. The aim of this study was to determine whether the etiological spectrum of mild and severe HFMD changed, and the association between pathogens and clinical features. From 2009 to 2013, a total of 2,299 stool or rectal specimens were collected with corresponding patient data. A dynamic view of the etiological spectrum of mild and severe HFMD in Shenzhen city of China was provided. EV71 accounted for the majority proportion of severe HFMD cases and fatalities during 2009-2013. CA16 and EV71 were gradually replaced by coxsackievirus A6 (CA6) as the most common serotype for mild HFMD since 2010. Myoclonic jerk and vomiting were the most frequent severe symptoms. Nervous system complications, including aseptic encephalitis and aseptic meningitis were observed mainly in patients infected by EV71. Among EV71, CA16, CA6, and CA10 infection, fever and pharyngalgia were more likely to develop, vesicles on the hand, foot, elbow, knee and buttock were less likely to develop in patients infected with CA10. Vesicles on the mouth more frequently occurred in the patients with CA6, but less in the patient with EV71. Associations between diverse enterovirus serotypes and various clinical features were discovered in the present study, which may offer further insight into early detection, diagnosis and treatment of HFMD. SN - 1096-9071 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25951788/Characterization_of_severe_hand_foot_and_mouth_disease_in_Shenzhen_China_2009_2013_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -