Prevalence of celiac disease in Indian patients with irritable bowel syndrome and uninvestigated dyspepsia.J Dig Dis 2015; 16(8):443-8JD
The clinical spectrum of celiac disease (CeD) is wide and its symptoms overlap with those of functional bowel diseases. This study aimed to investigate the relationship among gluten-related disorders, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and uninvestigated dyspepsia in Indian patients.
Patients with IBS and uninvestigated dyspepsia (using Rome III criteria) were tested for immunoglobulin A (IgA) anti-tissue transglutaminase (anti-tTG) antibody and anti-gliadin antibody (AGA). Those with positive anti-tTG antibody were evaluated for the presence of villous abnormalities. Patients who were only IgA AGA-positive were considered to have gluten sensitivity and those with positive anti-tTG antibody and villous atrophy were considered to have CeD.
Of 362 patients with IBS, 22 (6.1%) had positive anti-tTG antibody, among whom 3 (0.8%) had CeD and 19 had potential CeD. Of 358 patients with uninvestigated dyspepsia, 18 (5.0%) were anti-tTG antibody-positive and among them 4 (1.1%) had CeD and 14 had potential CeD. AGA was positive in 104 (28.7%) patients with IBS and 68 (19.0%) with uninvestigated dyspepsia, suggesting the presence of gluten sensitivity.
This study highlights the relationship between IBS or dyspepsia and CeD or gluten sensitivity.