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First confirmation of Pseudogymnoascus destructans in British bats and hibernacula.
Vet Rec. 2015 Jul 18; 177(3):73.VR

Abstract

White-nose syndrome (WNS) is a fatal fungal infection of bats in North America caused by Pseudogymnoascus destructans. P. destructans has been confirmed in Continental Europe but not associated with mass mortality. Its presence in Great Britain was unknown. Opportunistic sampling of bats in GB began during the winter of 2009. Any dead bats or samples from live bats with visible fungal growths were submitted to the Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency for culture. Active surveillance by targeted environmental sampling of hibernacula was carried out during the winter of 2012/2013. Six hibernacula were selected by their proximity to Continental Europe. Five samples, a combination of surface swabs or sediment samples, were collected. These were sent to the Center for Microbial Genetics and Genomics, Northern Arizona University, for P. destructans PCR. Forty-eight incidents were investigated between March 2009 and July 2013. They consisted of 46 bat carcases and 31 other samples. A suspected P. destructans isolate was cultured from a live Daubenton's bat (Myotis daubentonii) sampled in February 2013. This isolate was confirmed by the Mycology Reference Laboratory, Bristol (Public Health England), as P. destructans. A variety of fungi were isolated from the rest but all were considered to be saprophytic or incidental. P. destructans was also confirmed by the Center for Microbial Genetics and Genomics in five of the six sites surveyed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

APHA-Starcross VI Centre, Staplake Mount, Starcross, Exeter, Devon EX6 8PE, UK.Bat Conservation Trust, Quadrant House, 250 Kennington Lane, London SE11 5RD, UK.Bat Conservation Trust, Quadrant House, 250 Kennington Lane, London SE11 5RD, UK.Center for Microbial Genetics and Genomics, Northern Arizona University, 1298 S Knoles Dr, Flagstaff, Arizona 86011-4073, USA Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Biomedical Sciences, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire 03824, USA.APHA-Penrith VI Centre, Merrythought, Calthwaite, Penrith, Cumbria CA11 9RR, UK.Center for Microbial Genetics and Genomics, Northern Arizona University, 1298 S Knoles Dr, Flagstaff, Arizona 86011-4073, USA Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Biomedical Sciences, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire 03824, USA.Center for Microbial Genetics and Genomics, Northern Arizona University, 1298 S Knoles Dr, Flagstaff, Arizona 86011-4073, USA.Mycology Reference Laboratory, Public Health England South-West Regional Laboratory, Myrtle Road, Kingsdown, Bristol BS2 8EL, UK.Mycology Reference Laboratory, Public Health England South-West Regional Laboratory, Myrtle Road, Kingsdown, Bristol BS2 8EL, UK.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25968064

Citation

Barlow, A M., et al. "First Confirmation of Pseudogymnoascus Destructans in British Bats and Hibernacula." The Veterinary Record, vol. 177, no. 3, 2015, p. 73.
Barlow AM, Worledge L, Miller H, et al. First confirmation of Pseudogymnoascus destructans in British bats and hibernacula. Vet Rec. 2015;177(3):73.
Barlow, A. M., Worledge, L., Miller, H., Drees, K. P., Wright, P., Foster, J. T., Sobek, C., Borman, A. M., & Fraser, M. (2015). First confirmation of Pseudogymnoascus destructans in British bats and hibernacula. The Veterinary Record, 177(3), 73. https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.102923
Barlow AM, et al. First Confirmation of Pseudogymnoascus Destructans in British Bats and Hibernacula. Vet Rec. 2015 Jul 18;177(3):73. PubMed PMID: 25968064.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - First confirmation of Pseudogymnoascus destructans in British bats and hibernacula. AU - Barlow,A M, AU - Worledge,L, AU - Miller,H, AU - Drees,K P, AU - Wright,P, AU - Foster,J T, AU - Sobek,C, AU - Borman,A M, AU - Fraser,M, Y1 - 2015/05/12/ PY - 2015/04/07/accepted PY - 2015/5/14/entrez PY - 2015/5/15/pubmed PY - 2015/12/23/medline KW - Disease surveillance KW - Fungal diseases KW - Wildlife SP - 73 EP - 73 JF - The Veterinary record JO - Vet. Rec. VL - 177 IS - 3 N2 - White-nose syndrome (WNS) is a fatal fungal infection of bats in North America caused by Pseudogymnoascus destructans. P. destructans has been confirmed in Continental Europe but not associated with mass mortality. Its presence in Great Britain was unknown. Opportunistic sampling of bats in GB began during the winter of 2009. Any dead bats or samples from live bats with visible fungal growths were submitted to the Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency for culture. Active surveillance by targeted environmental sampling of hibernacula was carried out during the winter of 2012/2013. Six hibernacula were selected by their proximity to Continental Europe. Five samples, a combination of surface swabs or sediment samples, were collected. These were sent to the Center for Microbial Genetics and Genomics, Northern Arizona University, for P. destructans PCR. Forty-eight incidents were investigated between March 2009 and July 2013. They consisted of 46 bat carcases and 31 other samples. A suspected P. destructans isolate was cultured from a live Daubenton's bat (Myotis daubentonii) sampled in February 2013. This isolate was confirmed by the Mycology Reference Laboratory, Bristol (Public Health England), as P. destructans. A variety of fungi were isolated from the rest but all were considered to be saprophytic or incidental. P. destructans was also confirmed by the Center for Microbial Genetics and Genomics in five of the six sites surveyed. SN - 2042-7670 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25968064/First_confirmation_of_Pseudogymnoascus_destructans_in_British_bats_and_hibernacula_ L2 - http://veterinaryrecord.bmj.com/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=25968064 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -