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Predictors of smoke-free policies in affordable multiunit housing, North Carolina, 2013.
Prev Chronic Dis. 2015 May 14; 12:E73.PC

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Smoke-free policies can effectively protect nonsmokers from secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure in multiunit housing. We surveyed all affordable multiunit housing properties in North Carolina to determine the statewide prevalence of smoke-free policies and to identify predictors of smoke-free policies.

METHODS

Representatives of affordable housing properties in North Carolina completed a mailed or online survey during June through October 2013. The primary outcome measure was presence of a smoke-free policy, defined as prohibiting smoking in all residential units. We used χ(2) analysis and multivariate logistic regression to identify correlates of smoke-free policies.

RESULTS

Of 1,865 eligible properties, responses were received for 1,063 (57%). A total of 16.5% of properties had policies that prohibited smoking in all residential units, while 69.6% prohibited smoking in indoor common areas. In multivariate analysis, an increase in the number of children per unit was associated with a decrease in the odds of having a smoke-free policy at most properties. Newer properties across all company sizes were more likely to have smoke-free policies. Accessing units from interior hallways predicted smoke-free policies among medium-sized companies.

CONCLUSION

More smoke-free policies in affordable multiunit housing are needed to protect vulnerable populations, particularly children, from SHS exposure. Public health professionals should continue to educate housing operators about SHS and the benefits of smoke-free policies at all properties, including older ones and ones where units are accessed from outside rather than from an interior hallway.

Authors+Show Affiliations

North Carolina Division of Public Health, Raleigh, North Carolina,1932 Mail Service Center, Raleigh, NC 27699-1932. Email: anna.stein@dhhs.nc.gov.North Carolina Division of Public Health, Raleigh, North Carolina.North Carolina Division of Public Health, Raleigh, North Carolina.University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25974143

Citation

Stein, Anna, et al. "Predictors of Smoke-free Policies in Affordable Multiunit Housing, North Carolina, 2013." Preventing Chronic Disease, vol. 12, 2015, pp. E73.
Stein A, Suttie J, Baker L, et al. Predictors of smoke-free policies in affordable multiunit housing, North Carolina, 2013. Prev Chronic Dis. 2015;12:E73.
Stein, A., Suttie, J., Baker, L., Agans, R., Xue, W., & Bowling, J. M. (2015). Predictors of smoke-free policies in affordable multiunit housing, North Carolina, 2013. Preventing Chronic Disease, 12, E73. https://doi.org/10.5888/pcd12.140506
Stein A, et al. Predictors of Smoke-free Policies in Affordable Multiunit Housing, North Carolina, 2013. Prev Chronic Dis. 2015 May 14;12:E73. PubMed PMID: 25974143.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Predictors of smoke-free policies in affordable multiunit housing, North Carolina, 2013. AU - Stein,Anna, AU - Suttie,Janet, AU - Baker,Laura, AU - Agans,Robert, AU - Xue,Wei, AU - Bowling,J Michael, Y1 - 2015/05/14/ PY - 2015/5/15/entrez PY - 2015/5/15/pubmed PY - 2016/9/7/medline SP - E73 EP - E73 JF - Preventing chronic disease JO - Prev Chronic Dis VL - 12 N2 - INTRODUCTION: Smoke-free policies can effectively protect nonsmokers from secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure in multiunit housing. We surveyed all affordable multiunit housing properties in North Carolina to determine the statewide prevalence of smoke-free policies and to identify predictors of smoke-free policies. METHODS: Representatives of affordable housing properties in North Carolina completed a mailed or online survey during June through October 2013. The primary outcome measure was presence of a smoke-free policy, defined as prohibiting smoking in all residential units. We used χ(2) analysis and multivariate logistic regression to identify correlates of smoke-free policies. RESULTS: Of 1,865 eligible properties, responses were received for 1,063 (57%). A total of 16.5% of properties had policies that prohibited smoking in all residential units, while 69.6% prohibited smoking in indoor common areas. In multivariate analysis, an increase in the number of children per unit was associated with a decrease in the odds of having a smoke-free policy at most properties. Newer properties across all company sizes were more likely to have smoke-free policies. Accessing units from interior hallways predicted smoke-free policies among medium-sized companies. CONCLUSION: More smoke-free policies in affordable multiunit housing are needed to protect vulnerable populations, particularly children, from SHS exposure. Public health professionals should continue to educate housing operators about SHS and the benefits of smoke-free policies at all properties, including older ones and ones where units are accessed from outside rather than from an interior hallway. SN - 1545-1151 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25974143/Predictors_of_smoke_free_policies_in_affordable_multiunit_housing_North_Carolina_2013_ L2 - https://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2015/14_0506.htm DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -