Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

What can we talk about, in which language, in what way and with whom? Sami patients' experiences of language choice and cultural norms in mental health treatment.
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2015; 74:26952.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The Sami in Norway have a legal right to receive health services adapted to Sami language and culture. This calls for a study of the significance of language choice and cultural norms in Sami patients' encounters with mental health services.

OBJECTIVES

To explore the significance of language and cultural norms in communication about mental health topics experienced by Sami patients receiving mental health treatment to enhance our understanding of linguistic and cultural adaptation of health services.

METHODS

Data were collected through individual interviews with 4 Sami patients receiving mental health treatment in Northern Norway. A systematic text reduction and a thematic analysis were employed.

FINDINGS

Two themes were identified:(I) Language choice is influenced by language competence, with whom one talks and what one talks about.Bilingualism was a resource and natural part of the participants' lives, but there were limited possibilities to speak Sami in encounters with health services. A professional working relationship was placed on an equal footing with the possibility to speak Sami.

CONCLUSION

Sami patients' language choice in different communication situations is influenced by a complexity of social and cultural factors. Sami patients have varying opinions about and preferences for what they can talk about, in which language, in what way and with whom. Bilingualism and knowledge about both Sami and Norwegian culture provide latitude and enhanced possibilities for both patients and the health services. The challenge for the health services is to allow for and safeguard such individual variations within the cultural framework of the patients.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Sámi Norwegian National Advisory Unit on Mental Health and Substance Use, Finnmark Hospital Trust, Hammerfest, Norway. Centre for Sami Health Research, The Faculty of Health Science, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway; inger.j.dagsvold@uit.no.Sámi Norwegian National Advisory Unit on Mental Health and Substance Use, Finnmark Hospital Trust, Hammerfest, Norway.Sámi Norwegian National Advisory Unit on Mental Health and Substance Use, Finnmark Hospital Trust, Hammerfest, Norway. Centre for Sami Health Research, The Faculty of Health Science, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25976741

Citation

Dagsvold, Inger, et al. "What Can We Talk About, in Which Language, in what Way and With Whom? Sami Patients' Experiences of Language Choice and Cultural Norms in Mental Health Treatment." International Journal of Circumpolar Health, vol. 74, 2015, p. 26952.
Dagsvold I, Møllersen S, Stordahl V. What can we talk about, in which language, in what way and with whom? Sami patients' experiences of language choice and cultural norms in mental health treatment. Int J Circumpolar Health. 2015;74:26952.
Dagsvold, I., Møllersen, S., & Stordahl, V. (2015). What can we talk about, in which language, in what way and with whom? Sami patients' experiences of language choice and cultural norms in mental health treatment. International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 74, 26952. https://doi.org/10.3402/ijch.v74.26952
Dagsvold I, Møllersen S, Stordahl V. What Can We Talk About, in Which Language, in what Way and With Whom? Sami Patients' Experiences of Language Choice and Cultural Norms in Mental Health Treatment. Int J Circumpolar Health. 2015;74:26952. PubMed PMID: 25976741.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - What can we talk about, in which language, in what way and with whom? Sami patients' experiences of language choice and cultural norms in mental health treatment. AU - Dagsvold,Inger, AU - Møllersen,Snefrid, AU - Stordahl,Vigdis, Y1 - 2015/05/13/ PY - 2014/12/14/received PY - 2015/03/30/revised PY - 2015/04/06/accepted PY - 2015/5/16/entrez PY - 2015/5/16/pubmed PY - 2016/11/12/medline KW - Norway KW - Sami KW - cultural norms KW - culture KW - experiences KW - language KW - mental health KW - qualitative SP - 26952 EP - 26952 JF - International journal of circumpolar health JO - Int J Circumpolar Health VL - 74 N2 - BACKGROUND: The Sami in Norway have a legal right to receive health services adapted to Sami language and culture. This calls for a study of the significance of language choice and cultural norms in Sami patients' encounters with mental health services. OBJECTIVES: To explore the significance of language and cultural norms in communication about mental health topics experienced by Sami patients receiving mental health treatment to enhance our understanding of linguistic and cultural adaptation of health services. METHODS: Data were collected through individual interviews with 4 Sami patients receiving mental health treatment in Northern Norway. A systematic text reduction and a thematic analysis were employed. FINDINGS: Two themes were identified:(I) Language choice is influenced by language competence, with whom one talks and what one talks about.Bilingualism was a resource and natural part of the participants' lives, but there were limited possibilities to speak Sami in encounters with health services. A professional working relationship was placed on an equal footing with the possibility to speak Sami. CONCLUSION: Sami patients' language choice in different communication situations is influenced by a complexity of social and cultural factors. Sami patients have varying opinions about and preferences for what they can talk about, in which language, in what way and with whom. Bilingualism and knowledge about both Sami and Norwegian culture provide latitude and enhanced possibilities for both patients and the health services. The challenge for the health services is to allow for and safeguard such individual variations within the cultural framework of the patients. SN - 2242-3982 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25976741/What_can_we_talk_about_in_which_language_in_what_way_and_with_whom_Sami_patients'_experiences_of_language_choice_and_cultural_norms_in_mental_health_treatment_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3402/ijch.v74.26952 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -