Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Semantic Search in the Remote Associates Test.
Top Cogn Sci 2015; 7(3):494-512TC

Abstract

Searching through semantic memory may involve the use of several retrieval cues. In a verbal fluency task, the set of available cues is limited and every candidate word is a target. Individuals exhibit clustering behavior as predicted by optimal foraging theory. In another semantic search task, the remote associates task (RAT), three cues are presented and a single target word has to be found. Whereas the task has been widely studied as a task of creativity or insight problem solving, in this article, the RAT is treated as a semantic retrieval task and assessed from the perspective of information foraging theory. Experiments are presented that address the superadditive combination of cues and the anti-clustering behavior in the recall sequence. A new type of search behavior in the RAT is put forward that involves maximizing the difference in activation between target and distractors. This type of search is advantageous when the target is weak and cue patches are contaminated with strong competitors.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Birkbeck, University of London.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25982148

Citation

Davelaar, Eddy J.. "Semantic Search in the Remote Associates Test." Topics in Cognitive Science, vol. 7, no. 3, 2015, pp. 494-512.
Davelaar EJ. Semantic Search in the Remote Associates Test. Top Cogn Sci. 2015;7(3):494-512.
Davelaar, E. J. (2015). Semantic Search in the Remote Associates Test. Topics in Cognitive Science, 7(3), pp. 494-512. doi:10.1111/tops.12146.
Davelaar EJ. Semantic Search in the Remote Associates Test. Top Cogn Sci. 2015;7(3):494-512. PubMed PMID: 25982148.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Semantic Search in the Remote Associates Test. A1 - Davelaar,Eddy J, Y1 - 2015/05/15/ PY - 2012/06/07/received PY - 2014/01/31/revised PY - 2014/02/12/accepted PY - 2015/5/19/entrez PY - 2015/5/20/pubmed PY - 2016/5/14/medline KW - Consistent information accumulation KW - Cued recall KW - Information foraging KW - Memory search KW - Optimal foraging KW - Remote associates test KW - Word association space SP - 494 EP - 512 JF - Topics in cognitive science JO - Top Cogn Sci VL - 7 IS - 3 N2 - Searching through semantic memory may involve the use of several retrieval cues. In a verbal fluency task, the set of available cues is limited and every candidate word is a target. Individuals exhibit clustering behavior as predicted by optimal foraging theory. In another semantic search task, the remote associates task (RAT), three cues are presented and a single target word has to be found. Whereas the task has been widely studied as a task of creativity or insight problem solving, in this article, the RAT is treated as a semantic retrieval task and assessed from the perspective of information foraging theory. Experiments are presented that address the superadditive combination of cues and the anti-clustering behavior in the recall sequence. A new type of search behavior in the RAT is put forward that involves maximizing the difference in activation between target and distractors. This type of search is advantageous when the target is weak and cue patches are contaminated with strong competitors. SN - 1756-8765 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25982148/Semantic_Search_in_the_Remote_Associates_Test_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/tops.12146 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -