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Prevalence of dental caries in primary and permanent teeth and its relation with tooth brushing habits among schoolchildren in Eastern Saudi Arabia‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬.
Saudi Med J. 2015 Jun; 36(6):737-42.SM

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To determine the prevalence of dental caries in the primary and permanent teeth, and evaluate the brushing habits of school children in Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Methods. This study was conducted at Dammam, KSA. Oral examination of the participants was conducted from February to May 2014. The total sample size for this cross-sectional study was 711. There were 397 children between the age of 6-9 years, who were examined for primary teeth caries, and 314 between the age 10-12 years were examined for permanent teeth caries. Primary and permanent dentitions were studied for decayed, missing, and filled teeth (dmft [primary teeth], DMFT [permanent teeth]).

RESULTS

The overall prevalence of dental caries in primary and permanent teeth was almost 73% (n=711). Among the 6-9-year-old, the prevalence of caries was approximately 78% (n=397) whereas, among the 10-12-year-old children, it was approximately 68% (n=314). Mean dmft value among the 6-9-year-olds was 3.66±3.13 with decayed (d) component of 3.28±2.92, missing (m) component of 0.11±0.69, and filled (f) component of 0.26±0.9. Mean DMFT value among the 10-12-year-old children was 1.94±2.0 with decayed (D) component of 1.76±1.85, missing (M) component of 0.03±0.22, and filled (F) of component 0.15±0.73. Daily tooth brushing had a positive effect on caries prevention, and this effect was statistically significant for caries in primary teeth.

CONCLUSION

Although the prevalence of dental caries in primary and permanent teeth was not found to be as high as other researchers reported from different cities of KSA, still the prevalence was high considering the World Health Organization future oral health goals. Awareness should be provided to students, as well as, teachers and parents regarding the importance of good brushing habits and regular dental visits.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Clinical Affairs, College of Dentistry, University of Dammam, Dammam 31441, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail. fafarooqi@ud.edu.sa.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25987118

Citation

Farooqi, Faraz A., et al. "Prevalence of Dental Caries in Primary and Permanent Teeth and Its Relation With Tooth Brushing Habits Among Schoolchildren in Eastern Saudi Arabia‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬." Saudi Medical Journal, vol. 36, no. 6, 2015, pp. 737-42.
Farooqi FA, Khabeer A, Moheet IA, et al. Prevalence of dental caries in primary and permanent teeth and its relation with tooth brushing habits among schoolchildren in Eastern Saudi Arabia‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬. Saudi Med J. 2015;36(6):737-42.
Farooqi, F. A., Khabeer, A., Moheet, I. A., Khan, S. Q., Farooq, I., & ArRejaie, A. S. (2015). Prevalence of dental caries in primary and permanent teeth and its relation with tooth brushing habits among schoolchildren in Eastern Saudi Arabia‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬. Saudi Medical Journal, 36(6), 737-42. https://doi.org/10.15537/smj.2015.6.10888
Farooqi FA, et al. Prevalence of Dental Caries in Primary and Permanent Teeth and Its Relation With Tooth Brushing Habits Among Schoolchildren in Eastern Saudi Arabia‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬. Saudi Med J. 2015;36(6):737-42. PubMed PMID: 25987118.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of dental caries in primary and permanent teeth and its relation with tooth brushing habits among schoolchildren in Eastern Saudi Arabia‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬. AU - Farooqi,Faraz A, AU - Khabeer,Abdul, AU - Moheet,Imran A, AU - Khan,Soban Q, AU - Farooq,Imran, AU - ArRejaie,Aws S, PY - 2015/5/20/entrez PY - 2015/5/20/pubmed PY - 2016/12/15/medline SP - 737 EP - 42 JF - Saudi medical journal JO - Saudi Med J VL - 36 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of dental caries in the primary and permanent teeth, and evaluate the brushing habits of school children in Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Methods. This study was conducted at Dammam, KSA. Oral examination of the participants was conducted from February to May 2014. The total sample size for this cross-sectional study was 711. There were 397 children between the age of 6-9 years, who were examined for primary teeth caries, and 314 between the age 10-12 years were examined for permanent teeth caries. Primary and permanent dentitions were studied for decayed, missing, and filled teeth (dmft [primary teeth], DMFT [permanent teeth]). RESULTS: The overall prevalence of dental caries in primary and permanent teeth was almost 73% (n=711). Among the 6-9-year-old, the prevalence of caries was approximately 78% (n=397) whereas, among the 10-12-year-old children, it was approximately 68% (n=314). Mean dmft value among the 6-9-year-olds was 3.66±3.13 with decayed (d) component of 3.28±2.92, missing (m) component of 0.11±0.69, and filled (f) component of 0.26±0.9. Mean DMFT value among the 10-12-year-old children was 1.94±2.0 with decayed (D) component of 1.76±1.85, missing (M) component of 0.03±0.22, and filled (F) of component 0.15±0.73. Daily tooth brushing had a positive effect on caries prevention, and this effect was statistically significant for caries in primary teeth. CONCLUSION: Although the prevalence of dental caries in primary and permanent teeth was not found to be as high as other researchers reported from different cities of KSA, still the prevalence was high considering the World Health Organization future oral health goals. Awareness should be provided to students, as well as, teachers and parents regarding the importance of good brushing habits and regular dental visits. SN - 0379-5284 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25987118/Prevalence_of_dental_caries_in_primary_and_permanent_teeth_and_its_relation_with_tooth_brushing_habits_among_schoolchildren_in_Eastern_Saudi_Arabia‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.15537/smj.2015.6.10888 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -