Prevalence and correlates of major depressive disorder among rural-to-urban migrant workers in Shenzhen, China.J Affect Disord. 2015 Sep 01; 183:1-9.JA
In China, rural-to-urban migrant workers (MWs) are a large and vulnerable population that may be at high risk for depression, but previous studies focused on depressive symptoms of MWs and no study has investigated the epidemiology of major depressive disorder (MDD). The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and correlates of one-month and lifetime MDD among MWs in Shenzhen, China, and mental health services utilization of MWs with lifetime MDD.
A total of 3031 MWs were recruited from 10 manufacturing factories and interviewed with the Chinese version of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview.
The one-month and lifetime prevalence rates of MDD were 1.39% (95% CI: 0.97%, 1.80%) and 5.08% (95% CI: 4.30%, 5.86%), respectively. No significant gender and age-group differences were found in these rates. The risk factors for lifetime MDD included lower education, worse living condition, poorer self-perceived physical health, migration before adulthood, infrequently calling family members, and having done lots of jobs. Only 3.25% of the respondents with lifetime MDD had sought professional help prior to the interview.
The MW sample was selected from manufacturing factories, we should be cautious in generalizing our findings to MWs of other industries.
Compared with the Chinese general population, MWs may have a similar prevalence of MDD, but the rate of lifetime mental health services use of MWs with lifetime MDD is extremely low. MDD is a major public health concern for this population. There is an urgent need to improve mental health services for MWs.