Pd-catalyzed cascade cyclization by intramolecular Heck insertion of an allene-allylic amination sequence: application to the synthesis of 3,4-fused tricyclic indoles.Org Lett. 2015 Jun 05; 17(11):2622-5.OL
A novel Pd-catalyzed cascade cyclization by intramolecular Heck insertion of an allene-allylic amination sequence was developed. Allenes tethered to ortho-iodoaniline derivatives at the meta-position were reacted with 5-10 mol % of Pd catalyst and 4 equiv of K2CO3 in DMSO at 90 °C, producing 3,4-fused tricyclic 3-alkylidene indoline derivatives in moderate to excellent yield. The reaction products were divergently transformed into three types of 3,4-fused tricyclic indole derivatives, successfully demonstrating the versatile properties of the reaction products.