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Progress toward polio eradication - worldwide, 2014-2015.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2015 May 22; 64(19):527-31.MM

Abstract

In 1988, the World Health Assembly of the World Health Organization (WHO) resolved to eradicate polio worldwide. Wild poliovirus (WPV) transmission has been interrupted in all but three countries (Afghanistan, Nigeria, and Pakistan). No WPV type 2 cases have been detected worldwide since 1999, and the last WPV type 3 case was detected in Nigeria in November 2012; since 2012, only WPV type 1 has been detected. Circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV), usually type 2, continues to cause cases of paralytic polio in communities with low population immunity. In 2012, the World Health Assembly declared global polio eradication "a programmatic emergency for global public health", and in 2014, WHO declared the international spread of WPV to previously polio-free countries to be "a public health emergency of international concern". This report summarizes global progress toward polio eradication during 2014-2015 and updates previous reports. In 2014, a total of 359 WPV cases were reported in nine countries worldwide. Although reported WPV cases increased in Pakistan and Afghanistan, cases in Nigeria decreased substantially in 2014, and encouraging progress toward global WPV transmission interruption has occurred. Overcoming ongoing challenges to interruption of WPV transmission globally will require sustained programmatic enhancements, including improving the quality of supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) to interrupt transmission in Afghanistan and Pakistan and to prevent WPV exportation to polio-free countries.

Authors

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Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25996095

Citation

Hagan, José E., et al. "Progress Toward Polio Eradication - Worldwide, 2014-2015." MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 64, no. 19, 2015, pp. 527-31.
Hagan JE, Wassilak SG, Craig AS, et al. Progress toward polio eradication - worldwide, 2014-2015. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2015;64(19):527-31.
Hagan, J. E., Wassilak, S. G., Craig, A. S., Tangermann, R. H., Diop, O. M., Burns, C. C., & Quddus, A. (2015). Progress toward polio eradication - worldwide, 2014-2015. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 64(19), 527-31.
Hagan JE, et al. Progress Toward Polio Eradication - Worldwide, 2014-2015. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2015 May 22;64(19):527-31. PubMed PMID: 25996095.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Progress toward polio eradication - worldwide, 2014-2015. AU - Hagan,José E, AU - Wassilak,Steven G F, AU - Craig,Allen S, AU - Tangermann,Rudolf H, AU - Diop,Ousmane M, AU - Burns,Cara C, AU - Quddus,Arshad, AU - ,, PY - 2015/5/22/entrez PY - 2015/5/23/pubmed PY - 2015/7/28/medline SP - 527 EP - 31 JF - MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report JO - MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep. VL - 64 IS - 19 N2 - In 1988, the World Health Assembly of the World Health Organization (WHO) resolved to eradicate polio worldwide. Wild poliovirus (WPV) transmission has been interrupted in all but three countries (Afghanistan, Nigeria, and Pakistan). No WPV type 2 cases have been detected worldwide since 1999, and the last WPV type 3 case was detected in Nigeria in November 2012; since 2012, only WPV type 1 has been detected. Circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV), usually type 2, continues to cause cases of paralytic polio in communities with low population immunity. In 2012, the World Health Assembly declared global polio eradication "a programmatic emergency for global public health", and in 2014, WHO declared the international spread of WPV to previously polio-free countries to be "a public health emergency of international concern". This report summarizes global progress toward polio eradication during 2014-2015 and updates previous reports. In 2014, a total of 359 WPV cases were reported in nine countries worldwide. Although reported WPV cases increased in Pakistan and Afghanistan, cases in Nigeria decreased substantially in 2014, and encouraging progress toward global WPV transmission interruption has occurred. Overcoming ongoing challenges to interruption of WPV transmission globally will require sustained programmatic enhancements, including improving the quality of supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) to interrupt transmission in Afghanistan and Pakistan and to prevent WPV exportation to polio-free countries. SN - 1545-861X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25996095/Progress_toward_polio_eradication___worldwide_2014_2015_ L2 - https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6419a5.htm DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -