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Comparative effectiveness of B and e vitamins with diclofenac in reducing pain due to osteoarthritis of the knee.
Med Arch. 2015 Apr; 69(2):103-6.MA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Knee osteoarthritis is one of the most prevalent chronic disorders. Several pharmacological and non pharmacological approaches are used to treat this disease. Today, the effect of B and E vitamins on rheumatology diseases is being discussed. In this study, the efficacy of B and E vitamins accompanied with diclofenac on pain relief in patients with knee osteoarthritis was investigated and compared.

METHODS

In this double-blinded clinical trial, 120 patients with knee osteoarthritis referring training Rheumatology and Orthopedics Clinic of Shahrekord University of Medical sciences were investigated. Of these patients, 12 were excluded throughout the study. The patients underwent treatment in three groups (oral diclofenac + oral B vitamin, oral diclofenac + oral vitamin E, and oral diclofenac + placebo). Pain relief was assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS) questionnaire and morning stiffness and physical function were assessed by WOMAC standard questionnaire at three times; the first examination, two weeks, and three weeks after referring.

RESULTS

The mean score of WOMAC questionnaire at VASs of knee pain, total pain severity, knee joint stiffness, and function of the last 48 hours decreased significantly in all three groups (diclofenac, E and B vitamins) from the first to third examination (P<0.001). Decrease in VAS of knee pain and function of the last 48 hours was higher in B vitamin group than the diclofenac and E vitamin group (P=0.008) and decrease in total pain severity was reported higher in B vitamin group than E vitamin and diclofenac group (P=0.019). Decrease in knee joint stiffness underwent a similar trend in the three groups.

CONCLUSION

In view similar analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties, as well as very few, non prevalent complications of B and E vitamins, use of two or more drugs with a different mechanism of effect seems necessary to enhance their effect on osteoarthritis treatment.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Shahrekord University of Medical Science, Shahrekord, Iran.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26005259

Citation

Dehghan, Morteza. "Comparative Effectiveness of B and E Vitamins With Diclofenac in Reducing Pain Due to Osteoarthritis of the Knee." Medical Archives (Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina), vol. 69, no. 2, 2015, pp. 103-6.
Dehghan M. Comparative effectiveness of B and e vitamins with diclofenac in reducing pain due to osteoarthritis of the knee. Med Arch. 2015;69(2):103-6.
Dehghan, M. (2015). Comparative effectiveness of B and e vitamins with diclofenac in reducing pain due to osteoarthritis of the knee. Medical Archives (Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina), 69(2), 103-6. https://doi.org/10.5455/medarh.2015.69.103-106
Dehghan M. Comparative Effectiveness of B and E Vitamins With Diclofenac in Reducing Pain Due to Osteoarthritis of the Knee. Med Arch. 2015;69(2):103-6. PubMed PMID: 26005259.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Comparative effectiveness of B and e vitamins with diclofenac in reducing pain due to osteoarthritis of the knee. A1 - Dehghan,Morteza, Y1 - 2015/04/06/ PY - 2015/02/15/received PY - 2015/04/04/accepted PY - 2015/5/26/entrez PY - 2015/5/26/pubmed PY - 2015/5/26/medline KW - B vitamin KW - E vitamin KW - Osteoarthritis KW - diclofenac KW - pain SP - 103 EP - 6 JF - Medical archives (Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina) JO - Med Arch VL - 69 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis is one of the most prevalent chronic disorders. Several pharmacological and non pharmacological approaches are used to treat this disease. Today, the effect of B and E vitamins on rheumatology diseases is being discussed. In this study, the efficacy of B and E vitamins accompanied with diclofenac on pain relief in patients with knee osteoarthritis was investigated and compared. METHODS: In this double-blinded clinical trial, 120 patients with knee osteoarthritis referring training Rheumatology and Orthopedics Clinic of Shahrekord University of Medical sciences were investigated. Of these patients, 12 were excluded throughout the study. The patients underwent treatment in three groups (oral diclofenac + oral B vitamin, oral diclofenac + oral vitamin E, and oral diclofenac + placebo). Pain relief was assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS) questionnaire and morning stiffness and physical function were assessed by WOMAC standard questionnaire at three times; the first examination, two weeks, and three weeks after referring. RESULTS: The mean score of WOMAC questionnaire at VASs of knee pain, total pain severity, knee joint stiffness, and function of the last 48 hours decreased significantly in all three groups (diclofenac, E and B vitamins) from the first to third examination (P<0.001). Decrease in VAS of knee pain and function of the last 48 hours was higher in B vitamin group than the diclofenac and E vitamin group (P=0.008) and decrease in total pain severity was reported higher in B vitamin group than E vitamin and diclofenac group (P=0.019). Decrease in knee joint stiffness underwent a similar trend in the three groups. CONCLUSION: In view similar analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties, as well as very few, non prevalent complications of B and E vitamins, use of two or more drugs with a different mechanism of effect seems necessary to enhance their effect on osteoarthritis treatment. SN - 0350-199X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26005259/Comparative_effectiveness_of_B_and_e_vitamins_with_diclofenac_in_reducing_pain_due_to_osteoarthritis_of_the_knee_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/26005259/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -