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A review on polyamide thin film nanocomposite (TFN) membranes: History, applications, challenges and approaches.
Water Res 2015; 80:306-24WR

Abstract

This review focuses on the development of polyamide (PA) thin film nanocomposite (TFN) membranes for various aqueous media-based separation processes such as nanofiltration, reverse osmosis and forward osmosis since the concept of TFN was introduced in year 2007. Although the total number of published TFN articles falls far short of the articles of the well-known thin film composite (TFC) membranes, its growth rate is significant, particularly since 2012. Generally, by incorporating an appropriate amount of nanofiller into a thin selective PA layer of a composite membrane, one could produce TFN membranes with enhanced separation characteristics as compared to the conventional TFC membrane. For certain cases, the resulting TFN membranes demonstrate not only excellent antifouling resistance and/or greater antibacterial effect, but also possibly overcome the trade-off effect between water permeability and solute selectivity. Furthermore, this review attempts to give the readers insights into the difficulties of incorporating inorganic nanomaterials into the organic PA layer whose thickness usually falls in a range of several-hundred nanometers. It is also intended to show new possible approaches to overcome these challenges in TFN membrane fabrication.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Advanced Membrane Technology Research Centre (AMTEC), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor, Malaysia. Electronic address: lwoeijye@utm.my.Institute for Sustainability and Innovation (ISI), College of Engineering and Science, Victoria University, Werribee Campus, PO Box 14428, Melbourne, VIC 8001, Australia.Advanced Membrane Technology Research Centre (AMTEC), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor, Malaysia; Industrial Membrane Research Laboratory, Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Ottawa, 161 Louis Pasteur St, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5, Canada.Advanced Membrane Technology Research Centre (AMTEC), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor, Malaysia; Department of Chemical Engineering, Gachsaran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gachsaran, Iran.Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, National University of Singapore, 10 Kent Ridget, 129791, Singapore.Advanced Membrane Technology Research Centre (AMTEC), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor, Malaysia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26011136

Citation

Lau, W J., et al. "A Review On Polyamide Thin Film Nanocomposite (TFN) Membranes: History, Applications, Challenges and Approaches." Water Research, vol. 80, 2015, pp. 306-24.
Lau WJ, Gray S, Matsuura T, et al. A review on polyamide thin film nanocomposite (TFN) membranes: History, applications, challenges and approaches. Water Res. 2015;80:306-24.
Lau, W. J., Gray, S., Matsuura, T., Emadzadeh, D., Chen, J. P., & Ismail, A. F. (2015). A review on polyamide thin film nanocomposite (TFN) membranes: History, applications, challenges and approaches. Water Research, 80, pp. 306-24. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2015.04.037.
Lau WJ, et al. A Review On Polyamide Thin Film Nanocomposite (TFN) Membranes: History, Applications, Challenges and Approaches. Water Res. 2015 Sep 1;80:306-24. PubMed PMID: 26011136.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A review on polyamide thin film nanocomposite (TFN) membranes: History, applications, challenges and approaches. AU - Lau,W J, AU - Gray,Stephen, AU - Matsuura,T, AU - Emadzadeh,D, AU - Chen,J Paul, AU - Ismail,A F, Y1 - 2015/05/06/ PY - 2015/01/08/received PY - 2015/04/23/revised PY - 2015/04/24/accepted PY - 2015/5/27/entrez PY - 2015/5/27/pubmed PY - 2016/4/2/medline KW - Membrane KW - Nanomaterials KW - Polyamide KW - Thin film composite KW - Thin film nanocomposite SP - 306 EP - 24 JF - Water research JO - Water Res. VL - 80 N2 - This review focuses on the development of polyamide (PA) thin film nanocomposite (TFN) membranes for various aqueous media-based separation processes such as nanofiltration, reverse osmosis and forward osmosis since the concept of TFN was introduced in year 2007. Although the total number of published TFN articles falls far short of the articles of the well-known thin film composite (TFC) membranes, its growth rate is significant, particularly since 2012. Generally, by incorporating an appropriate amount of nanofiller into a thin selective PA layer of a composite membrane, one could produce TFN membranes with enhanced separation characteristics as compared to the conventional TFC membrane. For certain cases, the resulting TFN membranes demonstrate not only excellent antifouling resistance and/or greater antibacterial effect, but also possibly overcome the trade-off effect between water permeability and solute selectivity. Furthermore, this review attempts to give the readers insights into the difficulties of incorporating inorganic nanomaterials into the organic PA layer whose thickness usually falls in a range of several-hundred nanometers. It is also intended to show new possible approaches to overcome these challenges in TFN membrane fabrication. SN - 1879-2448 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26011136/A_review_on_polyamide_thin_film_nanocomposite__TFN__membranes:_History_applications_challenges_and_approaches_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0043-1354(15)00274-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -