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Changes in density of on-premises alcohol outlets and impact on violent crime, Atlanta, Georgia, 1997-2007.
Prev Chronic Dis. 2015 May 28; 12:E84.PC

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Regulating alcohol outlet density is an evidence-based strategy for reducing excessive drinking. However, the effect of this strategy on violent crime has not been well characterized. A reduction in alcohol outlet density in the Buckhead neighborhood of Atlanta from 2003 through 2007 provided an opportunity to evaluate this effect.

METHODS

We conducted a community-based longitudinal study to evaluate the impact of changes in alcohol outlet density on violent crime in Buckhead compared with 2 other cluster areas in Atlanta (Midtown and Downtown) with high densities of alcohol outlets, from 1997 through 2002 (preintervention) to 2003 through 2007 (postintervention). The relationship between exposures to on-premises retail alcohol outlets and violent crime were assessed by using annual spatially defined indices at the census block level. Multilevel regression models were used to evaluate the relationship between changes in exposure to on-premises alcohol outlets and violent crime while controlling for potential census block-level confounders.

RESULTS

A 3% relative reduction in alcohol outlet density in Buckhead from 1997-2002 to 2003-2007 was associated with a 2-fold greater reduction in exposure to violent crime than occurred in Midtown or Downtown, where exposure to on-premises retail alcohol outlets increased. The magnitude of the association between exposure to alcohol outlets and violent crime was 2 to 5 times greater in Buckhead than in either Midtown or Downtown during the postintervention period.

CONCLUSIONS

A modest reduction in alcohol outlet density can substantially reduce exposure to violent crime in neighborhoods with high density of alcohol outlets. Routine monitoring of community exposure to alcohol outlets could also inform the regulation of alcohol outlet density, consistent with Guide to Community Preventive Services recommendations.

Authors+Show Affiliations

National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy, NE, Mail Stop F78, Atlanta, GA 30341. Email: gyx8@cdc.gov., Chronic Diseases, Healthy Behaviors and Injury Epidemiology Section, Georgia Department of Public Health, Atlanta, Georgia., Chronic Diseases, Healthy Behaviors and Injury Epidemiology Section, Georgia Department of Public Health, Atlanta, Georgia.National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia., Chronic Diseases, Healthy Behaviors and Injury Epidemiology Section, Georgia Department of Public Health, Atlanta, Georgia.National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26020548

Citation

Zhang, Xingyou, et al. "Changes in Density of On-premises Alcohol Outlets and Impact On Violent Crime, Atlanta, Georgia, 1997-2007." Preventing Chronic Disease, vol. 12, 2015, pp. E84.
Zhang X, Hatcher B, Clarkson L, et al. Changes in density of on-premises alcohol outlets and impact on violent crime, Atlanta, Georgia, 1997-2007. Prev Chronic Dis. 2015;12:E84.
Zhang, X., Hatcher, B., Clarkson, L., Holt, J., Bagchi, S., Kanny, D., & Brewer, R. D. (2015). Changes in density of on-premises alcohol outlets and impact on violent crime, Atlanta, Georgia, 1997-2007. Preventing Chronic Disease, 12, E84. https://doi.org/10.5888/pcd12.140317
Zhang X, et al. Changes in Density of On-premises Alcohol Outlets and Impact On Violent Crime, Atlanta, Georgia, 1997-2007. Prev Chronic Dis. 2015 May 28;12:E84. PubMed PMID: 26020548.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Changes in density of on-premises alcohol outlets and impact on violent crime, Atlanta, Georgia, 1997-2007. AU - Zhang,Xingyou, AU - Hatcher,Bonnie, AU - Clarkson,Lydia, AU - Holt,James, AU - Bagchi,Suparna, AU - Kanny,Dafna, AU - Brewer,Robert D, Y1 - 2015/05/28/ PY - 2015/5/29/entrez PY - 2015/5/29/pubmed PY - 2016/9/7/medline SP - E84 EP - E84 JF - Preventing chronic disease JO - Prev Chronic Dis VL - 12 N2 - INTRODUCTION: Regulating alcohol outlet density is an evidence-based strategy for reducing excessive drinking. However, the effect of this strategy on violent crime has not been well characterized. A reduction in alcohol outlet density in the Buckhead neighborhood of Atlanta from 2003 through 2007 provided an opportunity to evaluate this effect. METHODS: We conducted a community-based longitudinal study to evaluate the impact of changes in alcohol outlet density on violent crime in Buckhead compared with 2 other cluster areas in Atlanta (Midtown and Downtown) with high densities of alcohol outlets, from 1997 through 2002 (preintervention) to 2003 through 2007 (postintervention). The relationship between exposures to on-premises retail alcohol outlets and violent crime were assessed by using annual spatially defined indices at the census block level. Multilevel regression models were used to evaluate the relationship between changes in exposure to on-premises alcohol outlets and violent crime while controlling for potential census block-level confounders. RESULTS: A 3% relative reduction in alcohol outlet density in Buckhead from 1997-2002 to 2003-2007 was associated with a 2-fold greater reduction in exposure to violent crime than occurred in Midtown or Downtown, where exposure to on-premises retail alcohol outlets increased. The magnitude of the association between exposure to alcohol outlets and violent crime was 2 to 5 times greater in Buckhead than in either Midtown or Downtown during the postintervention period. CONCLUSIONS: A modest reduction in alcohol outlet density can substantially reduce exposure to violent crime in neighborhoods with high density of alcohol outlets. Routine monitoring of community exposure to alcohol outlets could also inform the regulation of alcohol outlet density, consistent with Guide to Community Preventive Services recommendations. SN - 1545-1151 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26020548/Changes_in_density_of_on_premises_alcohol_outlets_and_impact_on_violent_crime_Atlanta_Georgia_1997_2007_ L2 - https://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2015/14_0317.htm DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -