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ADHD Symptoms as Risk Factors for Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration and Victimization.
J Interpers Violence. 2017 03; 32(5):659-681.JI

Abstract

Preliminary evidence underscores links between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration and victimization. However, little is known about whether ADHD symptoms are uniquely associated with IPV perpetration and victimization beyond well-established risk factors of IPV commonly associated with the disorder. In a cross-sectional design, 433 college students rated their ADHD symptoms as well as frequencies of psychological and physical IPV perpetration and victimization. Additional risk factors of IPV included childhood maltreatment, primary psychopathy, alcohol abuse, and illicit drug use. Correlational analyses indicated that students with greater ADHD symptom severity reported higher rates of psychological and physical IPV perpetration, and higher rates of psychological IPV victimization. Regression analyses indicated that ADHD symptoms were not additive risk factors of psychological IPV perpetration and victimization. Students reporting any alcohol abuse or illicit drug use endorsed high rates of psychological IPV perpetration and victimization, regardless of their level of ADHD symptoms. However, students who reported no alcohol abuse or drug use, but did report greater ADHD symptom severity-particularly inattention, indicated higher rates of psychological IPV perpetration and victimization than those reporting no alcohol abuse or drug use and low ADHD symptoms. These findings extend prior research by indicating that alcohol abuse and illicit drug use moderate associations between ADHD symptoms and psychological IPV perpetration and victimization. Investigations are needed to identify mechanisms of the association between ADHD symptoms and IPV perpetration and victimization, particularly those abusing alcohol and drugs, for appropriate prevention and intervention efforts to be developed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1 Ohio University, Athens, OH, USA.1 Ohio University, Athens, OH, USA.1 Ohio University, Athens, OH, USA.1 Ohio University, Athens, OH, USA.1 Ohio University, Athens, OH, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26025345

Citation

Wymbs, Brian T., et al. "ADHD Symptoms as Risk Factors for Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration and Victimization." Journal of Interpersonal Violence, vol. 32, no. 5, 2017, pp. 659-681.
Wymbs BT, Dawson AE, Suhr JA, et al. ADHD Symptoms as Risk Factors for Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration and Victimization. J Interpers Violence. 2017;32(5):659-681.
Wymbs, B. T., Dawson, A. E., Suhr, J. A., Bunford, N., & Gidycz, C. A. (2017). ADHD Symptoms as Risk Factors for Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration and Victimization. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 32(5), 659-681. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260515586371
Wymbs BT, et al. ADHD Symptoms as Risk Factors for Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration and Victimization. J Interpers Violence. 2017;32(5):659-681. PubMed PMID: 26025345.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - ADHD Symptoms as Risk Factors for Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration and Victimization. AU - Wymbs,Brian T, AU - Dawson,Anne E, AU - Suhr,Julie A, AU - Bunford,Nora, AU - Gidycz,Christine A, Y1 - 2016/07/10/ PY - 2015/5/31/pubmed PY - 2018/12/15/medline PY - 2015/5/31/entrez KW - alcohol and drugs KW - dating violence KW - domestic violence KW - predicting domestic violence KW - violence SP - 659 EP - 681 JF - Journal of interpersonal violence JO - J Interpers Violence VL - 32 IS - 5 N2 - Preliminary evidence underscores links between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration and victimization. However, little is known about whether ADHD symptoms are uniquely associated with IPV perpetration and victimization beyond well-established risk factors of IPV commonly associated with the disorder. In a cross-sectional design, 433 college students rated their ADHD symptoms as well as frequencies of psychological and physical IPV perpetration and victimization. Additional risk factors of IPV included childhood maltreatment, primary psychopathy, alcohol abuse, and illicit drug use. Correlational analyses indicated that students with greater ADHD symptom severity reported higher rates of psychological and physical IPV perpetration, and higher rates of psychological IPV victimization. Regression analyses indicated that ADHD symptoms were not additive risk factors of psychological IPV perpetration and victimization. Students reporting any alcohol abuse or illicit drug use endorsed high rates of psychological IPV perpetration and victimization, regardless of their level of ADHD symptoms. However, students who reported no alcohol abuse or drug use, but did report greater ADHD symptom severity-particularly inattention, indicated higher rates of psychological IPV perpetration and victimization than those reporting no alcohol abuse or drug use and low ADHD symptoms. These findings extend prior research by indicating that alcohol abuse and illicit drug use moderate associations between ADHD symptoms and psychological IPV perpetration and victimization. Investigations are needed to identify mechanisms of the association between ADHD symptoms and IPV perpetration and victimization, particularly those abusing alcohol and drugs, for appropriate prevention and intervention efforts to be developed. SN - 1552-6518 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26025345/ADHD_Symptoms_as_Risk_Factors_for_Intimate_Partner_Violence_Perpetration_and_Victimization_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0886260515586371?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -