[Genetic diversity of common wheat varieties at the gliadin-coding loci].Genetika. 2015 Mar; 51(3):324-33.G
One hundred and fifty Russian and foreign winter common wheat varieties were examined by the PAGE method. A total of 70 alleles were identified at seven gliadin-coding loci. It was demonstrated that 42% of varieties were heterogeneous, i.e., were represented by a number of genotypes, while 52% of varieties were homogeneous. A unique combination of gliadin alleles was typical of 91.3% of examined varieties, while 8.7% of varieties had identical alleles of all gliadin-coding loci and were indistinguishable. Frequent and rare alleles were identified, with the former accounting for 18.6% of all alleles. It was demonstrated that allelic diversity at the Gli-2 loci (47 alleles) was almost twice that at the Gli-1 loci (23 loci) and was determined by the number of rare alleles. New alleles for the winter common wheat, including three alleles of the GliA2 locus and two alleles of the Gli-B2 locus, were determined. A tendency toward a reduction of the genetic diversity level in modern varieties, which was due to the use of identical parental varieties in breeding programs, was identified.