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Neuroprotective effects of electroacupuncture on hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in newborn rats are associated with increased expression of GDNF-RET and protein kinase B.
Chin J Integr Med. 2016 Jun; 22(6):457-66.CJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To explore the neuroprotective effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) and to further investigate the role of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) family receptor member RET (rearranged during transfection) and its key downstream phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI-3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) pathway in the process.

METHODS

A total of 220 seven-day-old SD rats (of either sex, from 22 broods) were randomly divided into two groups, one (30 rats) for sham-surgery group and the other (190 rats) for HIE model group. The HIE model was established using the left common carotid artery ligation method in combination with hypoxic treatment. The successfully established rats were randomly divided into five groups, including control model group, EA group, sham-EA group, antagonist group and antagonist plus electroacupuncture group, with 35 rats in each group. Baihui (GV 20), Dazhui (GV 14), Quchi (LI 11) and Yongquan (KI 1) acupoints were chosen for acupuncture. EA was performed at Baihui and Quchi for 10 min once a day for continuous 1, 3, 7 and 21 days, respectively. The rats were then killed after the operation and injured cerebral cortex was taken for the measurement of neurologic damage by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and the degenerative changes of cortical ultrastructure by transmission electron microscopy. RET mRNA level and Akt protein level were detected by real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and western blot analysis, respectively.

RESULTS

EA could ameliorate neurologic damage of the first somatic sensory area (S1Tr) and alleviate the degenerative changes of ultrastructure of cortical neurons in rats subjected to HIE. And the longer acupuncture treatment lasted, the better its therapeutic effect would be. This was accompanied by gradually increased expression of GDNF family receptor RET at the mRNA level and its downstream signaling Akt at the protein level in the ischemic cortex.

CONCLUSION

EA has neuroprotective effects on HIE and could be a potential therapeutic strategy for HIE in the neonate. Activation of RET/Akt signaling pathway might be involved in this process.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Traditional Chinese Medicine Department, Qingdao Women and Children Hospital, Qingdao, Shandong Province, 266013, China.College of Acupuncture and Moxibustion and Massage, Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, 510006, China. ngxu@tom.cn.College of Acupuncture and Moxibustion and Massage, Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, 510006, China.Traditional Chinese Medicine Department, Qingdao Women and Children Hospital, Qingdao, Shandong Province, 266013, China.College of Acupuncture and Moxibustion and Massage, Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, 510006, China.College of Acupuncture and Moxibustion and Massage, Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, 510006, China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26033318

Citation

Xu, Tao, et al. "Neuroprotective Effects of Electroacupuncture On Hypoxic-ischemic Encephalopathy in Newborn Rats Are Associated With Increased Expression of GDNF-RET and Protein Kinase B." Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine, vol. 22, no. 6, 2016, pp. 457-66.
Xu T, Xu NG, Yang ZH, et al. Neuroprotective effects of electroacupuncture on hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in newborn rats are associated with increased expression of GDNF-RET and protein kinase B. Chin J Integr Med. 2016;22(6):457-66.
Xu, T., Xu, N. G., Yang, Z. H., Wan, Y. Z., Wu, Q. L., & Huang, K. B. (2016). Neuroprotective effects of electroacupuncture on hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in newborn rats are associated with increased expression of GDNF-RET and protein kinase B. Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine, 22(6), 457-66. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11655-015-1972-1
Xu T, et al. Neuroprotective Effects of Electroacupuncture On Hypoxic-ischemic Encephalopathy in Newborn Rats Are Associated With Increased Expression of GDNF-RET and Protein Kinase B. Chin J Integr Med. 2016;22(6):457-66. PubMed PMID: 26033318.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Neuroprotective effects of electroacupuncture on hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in newborn rats are associated with increased expression of GDNF-RET and protein kinase B. AU - Xu,Tao, AU - Xu,Neng-Gui, AU - Yang,Zhong-Hua, AU - Wan,Yan-Zhen, AU - Wu,Qing-Long, AU - Huang,Kang-Bai, Y1 - 2015/05/12/ PY - 2013/12/12/received PY - 2015/6/3/entrez PY - 2015/6/3/pubmed PY - 2017/2/23/medline KW - electroacupuncture KW - glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor KW - hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy KW - protein kinase B KW - rearranged during transfection SP - 457 EP - 66 JF - Chinese journal of integrative medicine JO - Chin J Integr Med VL - 22 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To explore the neuroprotective effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) and to further investigate the role of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) family receptor member RET (rearranged during transfection) and its key downstream phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI-3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) pathway in the process. METHODS: A total of 220 seven-day-old SD rats (of either sex, from 22 broods) were randomly divided into two groups, one (30 rats) for sham-surgery group and the other (190 rats) for HIE model group. The HIE model was established using the left common carotid artery ligation method in combination with hypoxic treatment. The successfully established rats were randomly divided into five groups, including control model group, EA group, sham-EA group, antagonist group and antagonist plus electroacupuncture group, with 35 rats in each group. Baihui (GV 20), Dazhui (GV 14), Quchi (LI 11) and Yongquan (KI 1) acupoints were chosen for acupuncture. EA was performed at Baihui and Quchi for 10 min once a day for continuous 1, 3, 7 and 21 days, respectively. The rats were then killed after the operation and injured cerebral cortex was taken for the measurement of neurologic damage by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and the degenerative changes of cortical ultrastructure by transmission electron microscopy. RET mRNA level and Akt protein level were detected by real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and western blot analysis, respectively. RESULTS: EA could ameliorate neurologic damage of the first somatic sensory area (S1Tr) and alleviate the degenerative changes of ultrastructure of cortical neurons in rats subjected to HIE. And the longer acupuncture treatment lasted, the better its therapeutic effect would be. This was accompanied by gradually increased expression of GDNF family receptor RET at the mRNA level and its downstream signaling Akt at the protein level in the ischemic cortex. CONCLUSION: EA has neuroprotective effects on HIE and could be a potential therapeutic strategy for HIE in the neonate. Activation of RET/Akt signaling pathway might be involved in this process. SN - 1672-0415 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26033318/Neuroprotective_effects_of_electroacupuncture_on_hypoxic_ischemic_encephalopathy_in_newborn_rats_are_associated_with_increased_expression_of_GDNF_RET_and_protein_kinase_B_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11655-015-1972-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -