Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Nutrigenomics analysis reveals that copper deficiency and dietary sucrose up-regulate inflammation, fibrosis and lipogenic pathways in a mature rat model of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
J Nutr Biochem. 2015 Oct; 26(10):996-1006.JN

Abstract

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) prevalence is increasing worldwide, with the affected US population estimated near 30%. Diet is a recognized risk factor in the NAFLD spectrum, which includes nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and fibrosis. Low hepatic copper (Cu) was recently linked to clinical NAFLD/NASH severity. Simple sugar consumption including sucrose and fructose is implicated in NAFLD, while consumption of these macronutrients also decreases liver Cu levels. Though dietary sugar and low Cu are implicated in NAFLD, transcript-level responses that connect diet and pathology are not established. We have developed a mature rat model of NAFLD induced by dietary Cu deficiency, human-relevant high sucrose intake (30% w/w) or both factors in combination. Compared to the control diet with adequate Cu and 10% (w/w) sucrose, rats fed either high-sucrose or low-Cu diet had increased hepatic expression of genes involved in inflammation and fibrogenesis, including hepatic stellate cell activation, while the combination of diet factors also increased ATP citrate lyase and fatty acid synthase gene transcription (fold change > 2, P < 0.02). Low dietary Cu decreased hepatic and serum Cu (P ≤ 0.05), promoted lipid peroxidation and induced NAFLD-like histopathology, while the combined factors also induced fasting hepatic insulin resistance and liver damage. Neither low Cu nor 30% sucrose in the diet led to enhanced weight gain. Taken together, transcript profiles, histological and biochemical data indicate that low Cu and high sucrose promote hepatic gene expression and physiological responses associated with NAFLD and NASH, even in the absence of obesity or severe steatosis.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alaska Anchorage, Anchorage, AK, 99508.Elemental Analysis Core and Department of Molecular and Medical Genetics, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, 97239.Elemental Analysis Core and Department of Molecular and Medical Genetics, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, 97239.Mathomics, Center for Mathematical Modeling, Universidad de Chile, Beauchef 851, 7th Floor, Santiago, Chile; Center for Genome Regulation (Fondap 15090007), Universidad de Chile, Blanco Encalada 2085, Santiago, Chile; Laboratorio de Bioinformática Expresión Génica, INTA, Universidad de Chile, El Líbano 5524, Macul, Santiago, Chile.Mathomics, Center for Mathematical Modeling, Universidad de Chile, Beauchef 851, 7th Floor, Santiago, Chile; Center for Genome Regulation (Fondap 15090007), Universidad de Chile, Blanco Encalada 2085, Santiago, Chile; Laboratorio de Bioinformática Expresión Génica, INTA, Universidad de Chile, El Líbano 5524, Macul, Santiago, Chile.Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alaska Anchorage, Anchorage, AK, 99508. Electronic address: jlburkhead@uaa.alaska.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26033743

Citation

Tallino, Savannah, et al. "Nutrigenomics Analysis Reveals That Copper Deficiency and Dietary Sucrose Up-regulate Inflammation, Fibrosis and Lipogenic Pathways in a Mature Rat Model of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease." The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, vol. 26, no. 10, 2015, pp. 996-1006.
Tallino S, Duffy M, Ralle M, et al. Nutrigenomics analysis reveals that copper deficiency and dietary sucrose up-regulate inflammation, fibrosis and lipogenic pathways in a mature rat model of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. J Nutr Biochem. 2015;26(10):996-1006.
Tallino, S., Duffy, M., Ralle, M., Cortés, M. P., Latorre, M., & Burkhead, J. L. (2015). Nutrigenomics analysis reveals that copper deficiency and dietary sucrose up-regulate inflammation, fibrosis and lipogenic pathways in a mature rat model of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, 26(10), 996-1006. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnutbio.2015.04.009
Tallino S, et al. Nutrigenomics Analysis Reveals That Copper Deficiency and Dietary Sucrose Up-regulate Inflammation, Fibrosis and Lipogenic Pathways in a Mature Rat Model of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. J Nutr Biochem. 2015;26(10):996-1006. PubMed PMID: 26033743.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nutrigenomics analysis reveals that copper deficiency and dietary sucrose up-regulate inflammation, fibrosis and lipogenic pathways in a mature rat model of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. AU - Tallino,Savannah, AU - Duffy,Megan, AU - Ralle,Martina, AU - Cortés,María Paz, AU - Latorre,Mauricio, AU - Burkhead,Jason L, Y1 - 2015/05/15/ PY - 2014/12/10/received PY - 2015/04/08/revised PY - 2015/04/13/accepted PY - 2015/6/3/entrez PY - 2015/6/3/pubmed PY - 2016/6/17/medline KW - Copper KW - Fibrosis KW - Inflammation KW - Liver KW - Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis KW - Steatosis SP - 996 EP - 1006 JF - The Journal of nutritional biochemistry JO - J. Nutr. Biochem. VL - 26 IS - 10 N2 - Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) prevalence is increasing worldwide, with the affected US population estimated near 30%. Diet is a recognized risk factor in the NAFLD spectrum, which includes nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and fibrosis. Low hepatic copper (Cu) was recently linked to clinical NAFLD/NASH severity. Simple sugar consumption including sucrose and fructose is implicated in NAFLD, while consumption of these macronutrients also decreases liver Cu levels. Though dietary sugar and low Cu are implicated in NAFLD, transcript-level responses that connect diet and pathology are not established. We have developed a mature rat model of NAFLD induced by dietary Cu deficiency, human-relevant high sucrose intake (30% w/w) or both factors in combination. Compared to the control diet with adequate Cu and 10% (w/w) sucrose, rats fed either high-sucrose or low-Cu diet had increased hepatic expression of genes involved in inflammation and fibrogenesis, including hepatic stellate cell activation, while the combination of diet factors also increased ATP citrate lyase and fatty acid synthase gene transcription (fold change > 2, P < 0.02). Low dietary Cu decreased hepatic and serum Cu (P ≤ 0.05), promoted lipid peroxidation and induced NAFLD-like histopathology, while the combined factors also induced fasting hepatic insulin resistance and liver damage. Neither low Cu nor 30% sucrose in the diet led to enhanced weight gain. Taken together, transcript profiles, histological and biochemical data indicate that low Cu and high sucrose promote hepatic gene expression and physiological responses associated with NAFLD and NASH, even in the absence of obesity or severe steatosis. SN - 1873-4847 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26033743/Nutrigenomics_analysis_reveals_that_copper_deficiency_and_dietary_sucrose_up_regulate_inflammation_fibrosis_and_lipogenic_pathways_in_a_mature_rat_model_of_nonalcoholic_fatty_liver_disease_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0955-2863(15)00108-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -