Efficacy and Safety of Lixisenatide in Japanese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Insufficiently Controlled with Basal Insulin±Sulfonylurea: A Subanalysis of the GetGoal-L-Asia Study.Horm Metab Res. 2015 Nov; 47(12):895-900.HM
The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of once-daily lixisenatide 20 μg as add-on to basal insulin with or without sulfonylurea in Asian patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The study as a subanalysis of the 159 Japanese patients from the 24-week double-blind GetGoal-L-Asia study (NCT00866658) who received once-daily lixisenatide or placebo. The primary endpoint was change from baseline in HbA1c evaluated using analysis of covariance. Once-daily lixisenatide significantly reduced mean HbA1c [least squares mean difference vs. placebo - 1.1% (- 12 mmol/mol); p<0.0001]. Significantly more patients in the lixisenatide group reached HbA1c targets of < 7% (53 mmol/mol; 31.4 vs. 2.3% for placebo; p<0.0001) and ≤ 6.5% (48 mmol/mol; 12.9 vs. 1.2% for placebo; p=0.0028). Lixisenatide significantly reduced 2-h postprandial plasma glucose (least squares mean difference vs. placebo-8.64 mmol/l; p<0.0001), glucose excursion (least squares mean difference vs. placebo - 7.80 mmol/l; p<0.0001) and fasting plasma glucose (least squares mean difference vs. placebo - 0.96 mmol/l; p=0.0126). Body weight was reduced with lixisenatide but with no significant difference vs. placebo. Gastrointestinal adverse events were more frequent with lixisenatide (61.1 vs. 11.5% for placebo) but were generally transient and mild-to-moderate in intensity. The incidence of symptomatic hypoglycemia was 39.0 vs. 13.5% in patients receiving sulfonylureas and 32.3 vs. 22.9% in those not receiving sulfonylureas, for lixisenatide and placebo, respectively. In Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, once-daily lixisenatide was well tolerated and led to significant and clinically relevant improvement in glycemic control, with a pronounced effect on postprandial plasma glucose.