Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Exclusively breastfed overweight infants are at the same risk of childhood overweight as formula fed overweight infants.
Arch Dis Child. 2015 Oct; 100(10):932-7.AD

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE

Several early life determinants play a role in childhood obesity. Rapid weight gain and overweight in infancy increases the risk while breast feeding seems to protect against childhood overweight. However, should we worry about exclusively breastfed overweight infants? The aim of the study is to examine the association of feeding type (exclusive breast feeding (EBF), formula feeding or mixed feeding) and overweight at the age of 6 months with the risk of overweight at the age of 5-6 years.

METHODS

The Amsterdam Born Children and their Development study is a large prospective population-based birth cohort study conducted in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Children with complete information pertaining to feeding type and weight status at the age of 6 months and 5-6 years were included (N=3367). EBF was defined as receiving only breast feeding for at least 3 months. Overweight at the ages of 6 months and 5-6 years were defined by the WHO child growth standards and the International Obesity Task Force guidelines, respectively. The association of feeding type and overweight at 6 months with overweight at 5-6 years was assessed using logistic regression analyses.

RESULTS

Overweight infants have a 4.10-fold (95% CI 2.91 to 5.78) higher odds of childhood overweight compared with those who were not overweight, independent of feeding type. EBF did not affect the association between infant overweight and childhood overweight.

CONCLUSIONS

Overweight in infancy increases the odds of childhood overweight, equally for exclusively breastfed and formula fed infants. Overweight prevention should start before or at birth and applies to formula fed children as well as exclusively breastfed children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research-VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.Department Public Health, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research-VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.Department Public Health, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research-VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26044134

Citation

van der Willik, Esmee M., et al. "Exclusively Breastfed Overweight Infants Are at the Same Risk of Childhood Overweight as Formula Fed Overweight Infants." Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 100, no. 10, 2015, pp. 932-7.
van der Willik EM, Vrijkotte TG, Altenburg TM, et al. Exclusively breastfed overweight infants are at the same risk of childhood overweight as formula fed overweight infants. Arch Dis Child. 2015;100(10):932-7.
van der Willik, E. M., Vrijkotte, T. G., Altenburg, T. M., Gademan, M. G., & Kist-van Holthe, J. (2015). Exclusively breastfed overweight infants are at the same risk of childhood overweight as formula fed overweight infants. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 100(10), 932-7. https://doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2015-308386
van der Willik EM, et al. Exclusively Breastfed Overweight Infants Are at the Same Risk of Childhood Overweight as Formula Fed Overweight Infants. Arch Dis Child. 2015;100(10):932-7. PubMed PMID: 26044134.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Exclusively breastfed overweight infants are at the same risk of childhood overweight as formula fed overweight infants. AU - van der Willik,Esmee M, AU - Vrijkotte,Tanja G M, AU - Altenburg,Teatske M, AU - Gademan,Maaike G J, AU - Kist-van Holthe,Joana, Y1 - 2015/06/04/ PY - 2015/02/05/received PY - 2015/05/13/accepted PY - 2015/6/6/entrez PY - 2015/6/6/pubmed PY - 2016/1/29/medline KW - Epidemiology KW - General Paediatrics KW - Obesity KW - Paediatric Practice SP - 932 EP - 7 JF - Archives of disease in childhood JO - Arch. Dis. Child. VL - 100 IS - 10 N2 - BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Several early life determinants play a role in childhood obesity. Rapid weight gain and overweight in infancy increases the risk while breast feeding seems to protect against childhood overweight. However, should we worry about exclusively breastfed overweight infants? The aim of the study is to examine the association of feeding type (exclusive breast feeding (EBF), formula feeding or mixed feeding) and overweight at the age of 6 months with the risk of overweight at the age of 5-6 years. METHODS: The Amsterdam Born Children and their Development study is a large prospective population-based birth cohort study conducted in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Children with complete information pertaining to feeding type and weight status at the age of 6 months and 5-6 years were included (N=3367). EBF was defined as receiving only breast feeding for at least 3 months. Overweight at the ages of 6 months and 5-6 years were defined by the WHO child growth standards and the International Obesity Task Force guidelines, respectively. The association of feeding type and overweight at 6 months with overweight at 5-6 years was assessed using logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: Overweight infants have a 4.10-fold (95% CI 2.91 to 5.78) higher odds of childhood overweight compared with those who were not overweight, independent of feeding type. EBF did not affect the association between infant overweight and childhood overweight. CONCLUSIONS: Overweight in infancy increases the odds of childhood overweight, equally for exclusively breastfed and formula fed infants. Overweight prevention should start before or at birth and applies to formula fed children as well as exclusively breastfed children. SN - 1468-2044 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26044134/Exclusively_breastfed_overweight_infants_are_at_the_same_risk_of_childhood_overweight_as_formula_fed_overweight_infants_ L2 - http://adc.bmj.com/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=26044134 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -