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Bio-nanocomposite films reinforced with cellulose nanocrystals: Rheology of film-forming solutions, transparency, water vapor barrier and tensile properties of films.
Carbohydr Polym. 2015 Sep 20; 129:156-67.CP

Abstract

This study was aimed to develop bio-nanocomposite films of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC)/starch (ST) polysaccharide matrix reinforced with cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) using the solution casting method. The CNC were extracted at the nanometric scale from sugarcane bagasse via sulfuric acid hydrolysis and used as reinforcing phase to produce CMC/ST-CNC bio-nanocomposite films at different CNC loading levels (0.5-5.0 wt%). Steady shear viscosity and dynamic viscoelastic measurements of film-forming solution (FFS) of neat CMC, CMC/ST blend and CMC/ST-CNC bio-nanocomposites were evaluated. Viscosity measurements revealed that a transition from Newtonian behavior to shear thinning occurred when CNC were added. The dynamic tests confirmed that all FFS have a viscoelastic behavior with an entanglement network structure, induced by the hydrogen bonding. In regard to the cast film quality, the rheological data showed that all FFS were suitable for casting of films at ambient temperature. The effect of CNC addition on the optical transparency, water vapor permeability (WVP) and tensile properties of bio-nanocomposite films was studied. It was found that bio-nanocomposite films remain transparent due to CNC dispersion at the nanoscale. The WVP was significantly reduced and the elastic modulus and tensile strength were increased gradually with the addition of CNC. Herein, the steps to form new eco-friendly bio-nanocomposite films were described by taking advantage of the combination of CMC, ST and CNC. The as-produced films exhibited good optical transparency, reduced WVP and enhanced tensile properties, which are the main properties required for packaging applications.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratoire de Matériaux, Catalyse & Valorisation des Ressources Naturelles, FST Mohammedia, Université Hassan II de Casablanca, Rue Tarik Bnou Ziad, Mers Sultan, 9167 Casablanca, Morocco; MAScIR Foundation, Rabat Design, Rue Mohamed El Jazouli, Madinat Al Irfane, 10100 Rabat, Morocco.Division UATRS, Centre National pour la Recherche Scientifique et Technique (CNRST), Angle Allal Fassi/FAR, Hay Riad, 10100 Rabat, Morocco.INRA, UMR 1208 Ingénierie des Agropolymères et Technologies Emergentes (IATE), 2, place Pierre Viala, 34060 Montpellier Cedex 1, France.Laboratoire de Matériaux, Catalyse & Valorisation des Ressources Naturelles, FST Mohammedia, Université Hassan II de Casablanca, Rue Tarik Bnou Ziad, Mers Sultan, 9167 Casablanca, Morocco; MAScIR Foundation, Rabat Design, Rue Mohamed El Jazouli, Madinat Al Irfane, 10100 Rabat, Morocco.MAScIR Foundation, Rabat Design, Rue Mohamed El Jazouli, Madinat Al Irfane, 10100 Rabat, Morocco.Center For Advanced Materials, Université Mohammed VI Polytechnique, Lot 660-Hay Moulay Rachid, 43150 Ben Guerir, Morocco. Electronic address: abderrahim.solhy@um6p.ma.Center For Advanced Materials, Université Mohammed VI Polytechnique, Lot 660-Hay Moulay Rachid, 43150 Ben Guerir, Morocco. Electronic address: Mounir.elachaby@um6p.ma.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26050901

Citation

El Miri, Nassima, et al. "Bio-nanocomposite Films Reinforced With Cellulose Nanocrystals: Rheology of Film-forming Solutions, Transparency, Water Vapor Barrier and Tensile Properties of Films." Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 129, 2015, pp. 156-67.
El Miri N, Abdelouahdi K, Barakat A, et al. Bio-nanocomposite films reinforced with cellulose nanocrystals: Rheology of film-forming solutions, transparency, water vapor barrier and tensile properties of films. Carbohydr Polym. 2015;129:156-67.
El Miri, N., Abdelouahdi, K., Barakat, A., Zahouily, M., Fihri, A., Solhy, A., & El Achaby, M. (2015). Bio-nanocomposite films reinforced with cellulose nanocrystals: Rheology of film-forming solutions, transparency, water vapor barrier and tensile properties of films. Carbohydrate Polymers, 129, 156-67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2015.04.051
El Miri N, et al. Bio-nanocomposite Films Reinforced With Cellulose Nanocrystals: Rheology of Film-forming Solutions, Transparency, Water Vapor Barrier and Tensile Properties of Films. Carbohydr Polym. 2015 Sep 20;129:156-67. PubMed PMID: 26050901.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Bio-nanocomposite films reinforced with cellulose nanocrystals: Rheology of film-forming solutions, transparency, water vapor barrier and tensile properties of films. AU - El Miri,Nassima, AU - Abdelouahdi,Karima, AU - Barakat,Abdellatif, AU - Zahouily,Mohamed, AU - Fihri,Aziz, AU - Solhy,Abderrahim, AU - El Achaby,Mounir, Y1 - 2015/04/30/ PY - 2015/01/29/received PY - 2015/04/22/revised PY - 2015/04/26/accepted PY - 2015/6/9/entrez PY - 2015/6/9/pubmed PY - 2016/3/15/medline KW - Bio-nanocomposite KW - Cellulose nanocrystals KW - Optical transparency KW - Rheology KW - Solvent casting KW - Tensile properties SP - 156 EP - 67 JF - Carbohydrate polymers JO - Carbohydr Polym VL - 129 N2 - This study was aimed to develop bio-nanocomposite films of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC)/starch (ST) polysaccharide matrix reinforced with cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) using the solution casting method. The CNC were extracted at the nanometric scale from sugarcane bagasse via sulfuric acid hydrolysis and used as reinforcing phase to produce CMC/ST-CNC bio-nanocomposite films at different CNC loading levels (0.5-5.0 wt%). Steady shear viscosity and dynamic viscoelastic measurements of film-forming solution (FFS) of neat CMC, CMC/ST blend and CMC/ST-CNC bio-nanocomposites were evaluated. Viscosity measurements revealed that a transition from Newtonian behavior to shear thinning occurred when CNC were added. The dynamic tests confirmed that all FFS have a viscoelastic behavior with an entanglement network structure, induced by the hydrogen bonding. In regard to the cast film quality, the rheological data showed that all FFS were suitable for casting of films at ambient temperature. The effect of CNC addition on the optical transparency, water vapor permeability (WVP) and tensile properties of bio-nanocomposite films was studied. It was found that bio-nanocomposite films remain transparent due to CNC dispersion at the nanoscale. The WVP was significantly reduced and the elastic modulus and tensile strength were increased gradually with the addition of CNC. Herein, the steps to form new eco-friendly bio-nanocomposite films were described by taking advantage of the combination of CMC, ST and CNC. The as-produced films exhibited good optical transparency, reduced WVP and enhanced tensile properties, which are the main properties required for packaging applications. SN - 1879-1344 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26050901/Bio_nanocomposite_films_reinforced_with_cellulose_nanocrystals:_Rheology_of_film_forming_solutions_transparency_water_vapor_barrier_and_tensile_properties_of_films_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0144-8617(15)00367-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -