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Two Decades of Environmental Surveillance in the Vicinity of a Waste Incinerator: Human Health Risks Associated with Metals and PCDD/Fs.
Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2015 Aug; 69(2):241-53.AE

Abstract

The concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs), as well as the levels of a number of heavy metals, have been periodically measured in samples of soil and vegetation collected around a municipal solid waste incinerator (MSWI) in Tarragona (Catalonia, Spain) for approximately 20 years. Since 2007, the levels of the above-mentioned pollutants have also been determined in air samples by means of either active or passive samplers. In the present study, data regarding the environmental impact of the MSWI, in terms of PCDD/Fs and heavy metals, are updated. The temporal trends of these pollutants were evaluated by comparison with data from previous surveys. In the current survey (2013-2014), mean concentrations of PCDD/Fs in soil, vegetation, and air were 0.63 ng I-TEQ/g, 0.07 ng I-TEQ/g, and 10.1 fg WHO-TEQ/m(3), respectively. Decreases of 47 and 35 % of PCDD/Fs in soil and vegetation, respectively, were observed in relation to the background study (1999). Regarding air samples, a slight temporal decrease of the PCDD/F levels was also found with the remaining concentrations staying nearly constant through time. With respect to metals, notable fluctuations in the concentrations were noted, being dependent on each specific environmental monitor. Overall, the current exposure to PCDD/Fs and metals does not mean any additional health risks for the population living near the facility. In conclusion, the results of the present study show that the environmental impact of the Tarragona MSWI is not significant, in terms of PCDD/Fs and heavy metals, after >20 years of continuous operation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratory of Toxicology and Environmental Health, School of Medicine, IISPV, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Sant Llorenç 21, 43201, Reus, Catalonia, Spain.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26054593

Citation

Vilavert, Lolita, et al. "Two Decades of Environmental Surveillance in the Vicinity of a Waste Incinerator: Human Health Risks Associated With Metals and PCDD/Fs." Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 69, no. 2, 2015, pp. 241-53.
Vilavert L, Nadal M, Schuhmacher M, et al. Two Decades of Environmental Surveillance in the Vicinity of a Waste Incinerator: Human Health Risks Associated with Metals and PCDD/Fs. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2015;69(2):241-53.
Vilavert, L., Nadal, M., Schuhmacher, M., & Domingo, J. L. (2015). Two Decades of Environmental Surveillance in the Vicinity of a Waste Incinerator: Human Health Risks Associated with Metals and PCDD/Fs. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 69(2), 241-53. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00244-015-0168-1
Vilavert L, et al. Two Decades of Environmental Surveillance in the Vicinity of a Waste Incinerator: Human Health Risks Associated With Metals and PCDD/Fs. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2015;69(2):241-53. PubMed PMID: 26054593.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Two Decades of Environmental Surveillance in the Vicinity of a Waste Incinerator: Human Health Risks Associated with Metals and PCDD/Fs. AU - Vilavert,Lolita, AU - Nadal,Martí, AU - Schuhmacher,Marta, AU - Domingo,José L, Y1 - 2015/06/09/ PY - 2015/03/10/received PY - 2015/05/12/accepted PY - 2015/6/10/entrez PY - 2015/6/10/pubmed PY - 2016/1/16/medline SP - 241 EP - 53 JF - Archives of environmental contamination and toxicology JO - Arch Environ Contam Toxicol VL - 69 IS - 2 N2 - The concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs), as well as the levels of a number of heavy metals, have been periodically measured in samples of soil and vegetation collected around a municipal solid waste incinerator (MSWI) in Tarragona (Catalonia, Spain) for approximately 20 years. Since 2007, the levels of the above-mentioned pollutants have also been determined in air samples by means of either active or passive samplers. In the present study, data regarding the environmental impact of the MSWI, in terms of PCDD/Fs and heavy metals, are updated. The temporal trends of these pollutants were evaluated by comparison with data from previous surveys. In the current survey (2013-2014), mean concentrations of PCDD/Fs in soil, vegetation, and air were 0.63 ng I-TEQ/g, 0.07 ng I-TEQ/g, and 10.1 fg WHO-TEQ/m(3), respectively. Decreases of 47 and 35 % of PCDD/Fs in soil and vegetation, respectively, were observed in relation to the background study (1999). Regarding air samples, a slight temporal decrease of the PCDD/F levels was also found with the remaining concentrations staying nearly constant through time. With respect to metals, notable fluctuations in the concentrations were noted, being dependent on each specific environmental monitor. Overall, the current exposure to PCDD/Fs and metals does not mean any additional health risks for the population living near the facility. In conclusion, the results of the present study show that the environmental impact of the Tarragona MSWI is not significant, in terms of PCDD/Fs and heavy metals, after >20 years of continuous operation. SN - 1432-0703 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26054593/Two_Decades_of_Environmental_Surveillance_in_the_Vicinity_of_a_Waste_Incinerator:_Human_Health_Risks_Associated_with_Metals_and_PCDD/Fs_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00244-015-0168-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -