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Undernutrition status and associated factors in under-5 children, in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia.
Nutrition. 2015 Jul-Aug; 31(7-8):964-70.N

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The aim of this study was to assess the nutritional status and associated factors in children <5 y in the Medebay Zana District, northern Ethiopia.

METHODS

A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in the Medebay Zana District from September 8 to 29, 2013. A two-stage cluster-sampling technique was used to select 605 children age <5 y. Descriptive, binary, and multiple logistic regression analyses were performed.

RESULTS

The results of this study demonstrated that the level of stunting was 56.6%, underweight 45.3%, and wasting 34.6%. Stunting was predicted by having mothers who attended high school (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 0.75; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.09-0.85), living in a household where providing priority food was given to the father (AOR, 4.32; 95% CI, 2.10-9.05), and water was taken from unprotected sources (AOR, 2.13; 95% CI, 1.09-4.14). In all children, initiation of breast-feeding within 1 to 3 h after birth (AOR, 4.06; 95% CI, 1.77-9.33), having mothers who could make financial decisions (AOR, 0.09; 95% CI, 0.02-0.51), and being breast-fed for 12 to 23 mo (AOR, 0.07; 95% CI, 0.01-0.40) were predictors of wasting. Moreover, in girls (AOR, 1.84; 95% CI, 1.25, 2.69), initiation of breast-feeding 6 h after birth (AOR, 12.94; 95% CI, 4.04-41.49) and having mothers who could make financial decisions (AOR, 0.33; 95% CI, 0.15-0.74) were predictors of being underweight.

CONCLUSION

The undernutrition status among children <5 y was high. Children's age group, time initiation of breast-feeding, child's sex, source of water, parents' educational status, type of food used for starting of complementary feeding, and mothers' financial decision-making ability could have an influence in undernutrition of children in this age group.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Public Health, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia. Electronic address: Mossalex75@gmail.com.Department of Nursing, Dr. Tewolde College of Health Sciences, Mekelle, Ethiopia.Department of Public Health, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia.Department of Public Health, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia.Department of Nursing, Dr. Tewolde College of Health Sciences, Mekelle, Ethiopia.Department of Public Health, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26059369

Citation

Alemayehu, Mussie, et al. "Undernutrition Status and Associated Factors in Under-5 Children, in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia." Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), vol. 31, no. 7-8, 2015, pp. 964-70.
Alemayehu M, Tinsae F, Haileslassie K, et al. Undernutrition status and associated factors in under-5 children, in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Nutrition. 2015;31(7-8):964-70.
Alemayehu, M., Tinsae, F., Haileslassie, K., Seid, O., Gebregziabher, G., & Yebyo, H. (2015). Undernutrition status and associated factors in under-5 children, in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), 31(7-8), 964-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2015.01.013
Alemayehu M, et al. Undernutrition Status and Associated Factors in Under-5 Children, in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Nutrition. 2015 Jul-Aug;31(7-8):964-70. PubMed PMID: 26059369.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Undernutrition status and associated factors in under-5 children, in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. AU - Alemayehu,Mussie, AU - Tinsae,Fitiwi, AU - Haileslassie,Kiday, AU - Seid,Oumer, AU - Gebregziabher,Gebremedhin, AU - Yebyo,Henock, Y1 - 2015/02/26/ PY - 2014/07/15/received PY - 2014/11/25/revised PY - 2015/01/25/accepted PY - 2015/6/11/entrez PY - 2015/6/11/pubmed PY - 2016/5/3/medline KW - Ethiopia KW - Medabay Zana KW - Stunting KW - Tigray KW - Undernutrition KW - Underweight KW - Wasting SP - 964 EP - 70 JF - Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.) JO - Nutrition VL - 31 IS - 7-8 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the nutritional status and associated factors in children <5 y in the Medebay Zana District, northern Ethiopia. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in the Medebay Zana District from September 8 to 29, 2013. A two-stage cluster-sampling technique was used to select 605 children age <5 y. Descriptive, binary, and multiple logistic regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: The results of this study demonstrated that the level of stunting was 56.6%, underweight 45.3%, and wasting 34.6%. Stunting was predicted by having mothers who attended high school (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 0.75; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.09-0.85), living in a household where providing priority food was given to the father (AOR, 4.32; 95% CI, 2.10-9.05), and water was taken from unprotected sources (AOR, 2.13; 95% CI, 1.09-4.14). In all children, initiation of breast-feeding within 1 to 3 h after birth (AOR, 4.06; 95% CI, 1.77-9.33), having mothers who could make financial decisions (AOR, 0.09; 95% CI, 0.02-0.51), and being breast-fed for 12 to 23 mo (AOR, 0.07; 95% CI, 0.01-0.40) were predictors of wasting. Moreover, in girls (AOR, 1.84; 95% CI, 1.25, 2.69), initiation of breast-feeding 6 h after birth (AOR, 12.94; 95% CI, 4.04-41.49) and having mothers who could make financial decisions (AOR, 0.33; 95% CI, 0.15-0.74) were predictors of being underweight. CONCLUSION: The undernutrition status among children <5 y was high. Children's age group, time initiation of breast-feeding, child's sex, source of water, parents' educational status, type of food used for starting of complementary feeding, and mothers' financial decision-making ability could have an influence in undernutrition of children in this age group. SN - 1873-1244 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26059369/Undernutrition_status_and_associated_factors_in_under_5_children_in_Tigray_Northern_Ethiopia_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0899-9007(15)00081-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -