A comparison between transoral glottis-widening techniques for bilateral vocal fold immobility.Laryngoscope. 2015 Nov; 125(11):2522-9.L
Comparison of different endoscopic glottis-widening procedures designed for bilateral vocal cord immobility (BVCI) is a challenge. This is because a statistically efficient analysis and comparable clinical series is hard to obtain considering the variable aspects of the results and the evaluation methods. This study of a large number of cadaver larynges provides comparable, objective data for the evaluation of the possible postoperative breathing and voicing function.
A morphometric study was performed on 50 male and 50 female larynges to compare the different suture lateralization and resection procedures.
The postoperative characteristic of glottic configuration was evaluated following vocal cord laterofixation, endolaryngeal arytenoid abduction lateropexy (EAAL), Schobel's external lateralization procedure (SELP), transverse cordotomy (TC), and medial and total arytenoidectomies (AE). The glottic area and the parameters determining the phoniatric outcomes were assessed by a digital image analyzer program.
Improvement of glottic area was observed after all procedures, but arytenoid abduction procedures were significantly the most effective. However, the smallest vocal cord angles were found in TC and AE; the injury of the voicing structures results in a deterioration of vocal mechanics and can be reasonably assumed to negatively influence the voice. Endolaryngeal arytenoid abduction lateropexy and SELP may provide the best phonation closure when residual adduction regeneration can occur.
This study demonstrates the complexity of the correct surgical decision making in BVCI. Procedures that utilize physiological abduction of the arytenoid cartilage seem to be more advantageous, especially if recovery of adductor function occurs.
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