Predicted EC₅₀ and EC₉₅ of Remifentanil for Smooth Removal of a Laryngeal Mask Airway Under Propofol Anesthesia.Yonsei Med J. 2015 Jul; 56(4):1128-33.YM
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect-site concentration (Ce) of remifentanil in 50% of patients (EC₅₀) and 95% of patients (EC₉₅) for smooth laryngeal mask airway (LMA) removal in adults under propofol and remifentanil anesthesia.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Twenty-five patients of ASA physical status I-II and ages 18-60 years who were to undergo minor gynecological or orthopedic surgery were assessed in this study. Anesthesia was induced and maintained with propofol and remifentanil target-controlled infusion (TCI). Remifentanil was maintained at a predetermined Ce during the emergence period. The modified Dixon's up-and-down method was used to determine the remifentanil concentration, starting from 1.0 ng/mL (step size of 0.2 ng/mL). Successful removal of the LMA was regarded as absence of coughing/gagging, clenched teeth, gross purposeful movements, breath holding, laryngospasm, or desaturation to SpO₂<90%.
The mean±SD Ce of remifentanil for smooth LMA removal after propofol anesthesia was 0.83±0.16 ng/mL. Using isotonic regression with a bootstrapping approach, the estimated EC₅₀ and EC₉₅ of remifentanil Ce were 0.91 ng/mL [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.77-1.07 ng/mL] and 1.35 ng/mL (95% CI, 1.16-1.38 ng/mL), respectively.
Our results showed that remifentanil TCI at an established Ce is a reliable technique for achieving safe and smooth emergence without coughing, laryngospasm, or other airway reflexes.