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Combined Therapy with Rheum tanguticum Polysaccharide and Low-dose 5-ASA Ameliorates TNBS-Induced Colitis in Rats by Suppression of NF-κB.
Planta Med. 2015 Jun; 81(9):705-12.PM

Abstract

The most common conventional therapy for inflammatory bowel disease in clinical practice involves the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as 5-amino salicylic acid. However, a high dose of 5-amino salicylic acid may bring about severe side effects. Chinese people have used Rheum tanguticum as a folk remedy for gastrointestinal disease for two thousand years. Our group has isolated R. tanguticum polysaccharide 1 from R. tanguticum and verified that it can attenuate 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-induced colitis in murines/rats. The present study aims to evaluate whether the addition of R. tanguticum polysaccharide 1 can improve efficacy and limit subsequent side effects of conventional treatment (5-amino salicylic acid) in rats with 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-induced colitis. Sixty Sprague-Dawley male rats were randomized into five groups and treated with (1) saline (saline, 0.2 mL/day × 5, p. o.), (2) 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid alone (saline, 0.2 mL/day × 5, p. o.), (3) 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid + 5-amino salicylic acid (5-amino salicylic acid, 75 mg/kg/day × 5, p.o), (4) 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid + R. tanguticum polysaccharide 1 (R. tanguticum polysaccharide 1, 200 mg/kg/day × 5, p. o.), and (5) 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid + 5-amino salicylic acid + R. tanguticum polysaccharide 1 (5-amino salicylic acid, 25 mg/kg/day × 5, p.o; R. tanguticum polysaccharide 1, 200 mg/kg/day × 5, p. o.). All the rats were sacrificed on the 6th day after treatment using an overdose of anesthesia. A histological assessment was performed using semiquantitative scores; nuclear factor-kappa B and tumor necrosis factor-α were measured with Western blot, cyclooxygenase 1 and cyclooxygenase 2 protein expressions were investigated by RT-polymerase chain reaction, and prostoglandin E2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase productions were investigated by ELISA. The extent and severity of histological signs were attenuated significantly in the 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid + 5-amino salicylic acid + R. tanguticum polysaccharide 1 group. Treatment with R. tanguticum polysaccharide 1 plus 5-amino salicylic acid markedly decreased nuclear factor-kappa Bp65 and tumor necrosis factor-α protein expressions. R. tanguticum polysaccharide 1 and 5-amino salicylic acid had no effect on cyclooxygenase 1 protein expression, but inhibited the overexpression of the cyclooxygenase 2 protein. After treatment with 5-amino salicylic acid and R. tanguticum polysaccharide 1, the prostoglandin E2 level increased significantly and the inducible nitric oxide synthase level decreased considerably in the 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid + 5-amino salicylic acid + R. tanguticum polysaccharide 1 group compared with the 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid alone group. These results demonstrate that combined therapy with R. tanguticum polysaccharide 1 and low-dose 5-amino salicylic acid had more favorable effects on 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-induced colitis in rats, and its effects may be associated with inhibiting nuclear factor-kappa Bp65 protein expression and tumor necrosis factor-α production, resulting in a decrease of cyclooxygenase 2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase protein expressions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pharmaceutical, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, China.Department of Gastroenterology, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, China.Department of Pharmaceutical, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, China.Department of Pharmaceutical, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, China.Department of Pharmaceutical, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, China.Department of Pharmaceutical, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26069953

Citation

Liu, Linna, et al. "Combined Therapy With Rheum Tanguticum Polysaccharide and Low-dose 5-ASA Ameliorates TNBS-Induced Colitis in Rats By Suppression of NF-κB." Planta Medica, vol. 81, no. 9, 2015, pp. 705-12.
Liu L, Liu Z, Zhang T, et al. Combined Therapy with Rheum tanguticum Polysaccharide and Low-dose 5-ASA Ameliorates TNBS-Induced Colitis in Rats by Suppression of NF-κB. Planta Med. 2015;81(9):705-12.
Liu, L., Liu, Z., Zhang, T., Shi, L., Zhang, W., & Zhang, Y. (2015). Combined Therapy with Rheum tanguticum Polysaccharide and Low-dose 5-ASA Ameliorates TNBS-Induced Colitis in Rats by Suppression of NF-κB. Planta Medica, 81(9), 705-12. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0035-1545945
Liu L, et al. Combined Therapy With Rheum Tanguticum Polysaccharide and Low-dose 5-ASA Ameliorates TNBS-Induced Colitis in Rats By Suppression of NF-κB. Planta Med. 2015;81(9):705-12. PubMed PMID: 26069953.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Combined Therapy with Rheum tanguticum Polysaccharide and Low-dose 5-ASA Ameliorates TNBS-Induced Colitis in Rats by Suppression of NF-κB. AU - Liu,Linna, AU - Liu,Zhenxiong, AU - Zhang,Tian, AU - Shi,Lei, AU - Zhang,Wenjuan, AU - Zhang,Yan, Y1 - 2015/06/12/ PY - 2015/6/13/entrez PY - 2015/6/13/pubmed PY - 2016/1/12/medline SP - 705 EP - 12 JF - Planta medica JO - Planta Med. VL - 81 IS - 9 N2 - The most common conventional therapy for inflammatory bowel disease in clinical practice involves the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as 5-amino salicylic acid. However, a high dose of 5-amino salicylic acid may bring about severe side effects. Chinese people have used Rheum tanguticum as a folk remedy for gastrointestinal disease for two thousand years. Our group has isolated R. tanguticum polysaccharide 1 from R. tanguticum and verified that it can attenuate 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-induced colitis in murines/rats. The present study aims to evaluate whether the addition of R. tanguticum polysaccharide 1 can improve efficacy and limit subsequent side effects of conventional treatment (5-amino salicylic acid) in rats with 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-induced colitis. Sixty Sprague-Dawley male rats were randomized into five groups and treated with (1) saline (saline, 0.2 mL/day × 5, p. o.), (2) 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid alone (saline, 0.2 mL/day × 5, p. o.), (3) 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid + 5-amino salicylic acid (5-amino salicylic acid, 75 mg/kg/day × 5, p.o), (4) 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid + R. tanguticum polysaccharide 1 (R. tanguticum polysaccharide 1, 200 mg/kg/day × 5, p. o.), and (5) 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid + 5-amino salicylic acid + R. tanguticum polysaccharide 1 (5-amino salicylic acid, 25 mg/kg/day × 5, p.o; R. tanguticum polysaccharide 1, 200 mg/kg/day × 5, p. o.). All the rats were sacrificed on the 6th day after treatment using an overdose of anesthesia. A histological assessment was performed using semiquantitative scores; nuclear factor-kappa B and tumor necrosis factor-α were measured with Western blot, cyclooxygenase 1 and cyclooxygenase 2 protein expressions were investigated by RT-polymerase chain reaction, and prostoglandin E2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase productions were investigated by ELISA. The extent and severity of histological signs were attenuated significantly in the 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid + 5-amino salicylic acid + R. tanguticum polysaccharide 1 group. Treatment with R. tanguticum polysaccharide 1 plus 5-amino salicylic acid markedly decreased nuclear factor-kappa Bp65 and tumor necrosis factor-α protein expressions. R. tanguticum polysaccharide 1 and 5-amino salicylic acid had no effect on cyclooxygenase 1 protein expression, but inhibited the overexpression of the cyclooxygenase 2 protein. After treatment with 5-amino salicylic acid and R. tanguticum polysaccharide 1, the prostoglandin E2 level increased significantly and the inducible nitric oxide synthase level decreased considerably in the 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid + 5-amino salicylic acid + R. tanguticum polysaccharide 1 group compared with the 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid alone group. These results demonstrate that combined therapy with R. tanguticum polysaccharide 1 and low-dose 5-amino salicylic acid had more favorable effects on 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-induced colitis in rats, and its effects may be associated with inhibiting nuclear factor-kappa Bp65 protein expression and tumor necrosis factor-α production, resulting in a decrease of cyclooxygenase 2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase protein expressions. SN - 1439-0221 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26069953/Combined_Therapy_with_Rheum_tanguticum_Polysaccharide_and_Low_dose_5_ASA_Ameliorates_TNBS_Induced_Colitis_in_Rats_by_Suppression_of_NF_κB_ L2 - http://www.thieme-connect.com/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0035-1545945 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -