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Water-based chitosan/melamine polyphosphate multilayer nanocoating that extinguishes fire on polyester-cotton fabric.
Carbohydr Polym. 2015 Oct 05; 130:227-32.CP

Abstract

Polyester-cotton (PECO) blends are widely used in the textile industry because they combine the softness of cotton and the strength and durability of polyester. Unfortunately, both fiber types share the disadvantage of being flammable. The layer-by-layer coating technique was used to deposit a highly effective flame retardant (melamine polyphosphate) from water onto polyester-cotton fabric. Soluble melamine and sodium hexametaphosphate form this water-insoluble flame retardant during the coating procedure. This unique nanocoating imparts self-extinguishing properties to PECO with only 12% relative coating weight. Vertical flame testing, pyrolysis combustion flow calorimetry (PCFC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and scanning electron microscopy were used to evaluate the quality of the coating as well as its flame retardant performance. A combination of both condensed and gas-phase activity appears to be the reason for this effective flame retardancy. Degradation pathways of both cotton and polyester are affected by the applied coating, as shown by PCFC and TGA. Use of environmentally benign and non-toxic chemicals, and the ease of layer-by-layer deposition, making this coating an industrially feasible alternative to render polyester-cotton fabric self-extinguishing.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-3123, USA. Electronic address: marcus.leistner@tamu.edu.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-3123, USA. Electronic address: pnumbaone@tamu.edu.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-3123, USA. Electronic address: sarah2017@tamu.edu.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-3123, USA. Electronic address: jgrunlan@tamu.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26076621

Citation

Leistner, Marcus, et al. "Water-based Chitosan/melamine Polyphosphate Multilayer Nanocoating That Extinguishes Fire On Polyester-cotton Fabric." Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 130, 2015, pp. 227-32.
Leistner M, Abu-Odeh AA, Rohmer SC, et al. Water-based chitosan/melamine polyphosphate multilayer nanocoating that extinguishes fire on polyester-cotton fabric. Carbohydr Polym. 2015;130:227-32.
Leistner, M., Abu-Odeh, A. A., Rohmer, S. C., & Grunlan, J. C. (2015). Water-based chitosan/melamine polyphosphate multilayer nanocoating that extinguishes fire on polyester-cotton fabric. Carbohydrate Polymers, 130, 227-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2015.05.005
Leistner M, et al. Water-based Chitosan/melamine Polyphosphate Multilayer Nanocoating That Extinguishes Fire On Polyester-cotton Fabric. Carbohydr Polym. 2015 Oct 5;130:227-32. PubMed PMID: 26076621.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Water-based chitosan/melamine polyphosphate multilayer nanocoating that extinguishes fire on polyester-cotton fabric. AU - Leistner,Marcus, AU - Abu-Odeh,Anas A, AU - Rohmer,Sarah C, AU - Grunlan,Jaime C, Y1 - 2015/05/14/ PY - 2015/02/27/received PY - 2015/04/15/revised PY - 2015/05/08/accepted PY - 2015/6/17/entrez PY - 2015/6/17/pubmed PY - 2016/3/25/medline KW - Chitosan KW - Chitosan (PubChem CID: 21896651) KW - Cotton KW - Flame retardant nanocoating KW - Layer-by-layer assembly KW - Melamine (PubChem CID: 7955) KW - Melamine polyphosphate KW - Melamine polyphosphate (PubChem CID: 92612) KW - Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PubChem CID: 16212789) KW - Polyester–cotton KW - Sodium hexametaphosphate (PubChem CID: 24968) SP - 227 EP - 32 JF - Carbohydrate polymers JO - Carbohydr Polym VL - 130 N2 - Polyester-cotton (PECO) blends are widely used in the textile industry because they combine the softness of cotton and the strength and durability of polyester. Unfortunately, both fiber types share the disadvantage of being flammable. The layer-by-layer coating technique was used to deposit a highly effective flame retardant (melamine polyphosphate) from water onto polyester-cotton fabric. Soluble melamine and sodium hexametaphosphate form this water-insoluble flame retardant during the coating procedure. This unique nanocoating imparts self-extinguishing properties to PECO with only 12% relative coating weight. Vertical flame testing, pyrolysis combustion flow calorimetry (PCFC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and scanning electron microscopy were used to evaluate the quality of the coating as well as its flame retardant performance. A combination of both condensed and gas-phase activity appears to be the reason for this effective flame retardancy. Degradation pathways of both cotton and polyester are affected by the applied coating, as shown by PCFC and TGA. Use of environmentally benign and non-toxic chemicals, and the ease of layer-by-layer deposition, making this coating an industrially feasible alternative to render polyester-cotton fabric self-extinguishing. SN - 1879-1344 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26076621/Water_based_chitosan/melamine_polyphosphate_multilayer_nanocoating_that_extinguishes_fire_on_polyester_cotton_fabric_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0144-8617(15)00403-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -