Immunogenicity and reactogenicity of tetravalent vaccine for measles, mumps, rubella and varicella (MMRV) in healthy children: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.Expert Rev Vaccines. 2015; 14(8):1149-57.ER
Varicella is a highly infectious childhood disease. Tetravalent measles-mumps-rubella-varicella (MMRV) vaccine was introduced as one-syringe dose.
To evaluate the immunogenicity and reactogenicity of MMRV vaccine versus trivalent MMR with varicella (V) vaccines in healthy children and to assess the respective safety issue.
Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were searched from the OVID databases. Trials were eligible if healthy children were randomized to receive MMRV or MMR+V vaccine. Seroconversions in serum antibody titers were the primary outcomes; adverse events were the secondary outcomes.
Ten RCTs with 8961 healthy children were identified. MMRV and MMR+V vaccines showed comparable immunogenicity against measles (relative risk [RR] = 0.99, 95% CI = 0.98-1.00), mumps (RR = 0.99, 95% CI = 0.97-1.00), rubella (RR = 1.00, 95% CI = 1.00-1.01) and varicella (RR = 0.98, 95% CI = 0.95-1.01). At least 93% of children in both groups had seroconverted within 6 weeks. MMRV group showed significantly higher incidences of fever (RR = 1.19, 95% CI = 1.09-1.31) and rash (RR = 1.23, 95% CI = 1.06-1.43).
The immunogenicities of MMRV and MMR+V vaccines were comparable in healthy children; however, MMRV vaccination showed higher incidences of fever and rash.