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Tapia's syndrome in the intensive care unit: a rare cause of combined cranial nerve palsy following intubation.
Acta Neurol Belg. 2015 Dec; 115(4):533-7.AN

Abstract

Tapia's syndrome is characterized by unilateral paralysis of the tongue and vocal cord, and is caused by a concurrent lesion of both the recurrent laryngeal and hypoglossal nerves. The proposed mechanism in most patients is compression or stretching of these nerves on their extracranial course due to airway manipulation under general anaesthesia. As Tapia's syndrome is a rare and possibly devastating condition, recognition of the presence of concurrent paralyses is an important step in diagnosis and treatment. We report two cases of Tapia's syndrome as a complication of intubation in the intensive care unit.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Neurology, University Hospital of Ghent, De Pintelaan 185, 9000, Ghent, Belgium. Marieke.Coninckx@ugent.be.Department of Neurology, University Hospital of Ghent, De Pintelaan 185, 9000, Ghent, Belgium.Department of Neurology, University Hospital of Ghent, De Pintelaan 185, 9000, Ghent, Belgium.

Pub Type(s)

Case Reports
Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26088745

Citation

Coninckx, M, et al. "Tapia's Syndrome in the Intensive Care Unit: a Rare Cause of Combined Cranial Nerve Palsy Following Intubation." Acta Neurologica Belgica, vol. 115, no. 4, 2015, pp. 533-7.
Coninckx M, Cardoen S, Hemelsoet D. Tapia's syndrome in the intensive care unit: a rare cause of combined cranial nerve palsy following intubation. Acta Neurol Belg. 2015;115(4):533-7.
Coninckx, M., Cardoen, S., & Hemelsoet, D. (2015). Tapia's syndrome in the intensive care unit: a rare cause of combined cranial nerve palsy following intubation. Acta Neurologica Belgica, 115(4), 533-7. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13760-015-0500-6
Coninckx M, Cardoen S, Hemelsoet D. Tapia's Syndrome in the Intensive Care Unit: a Rare Cause of Combined Cranial Nerve Palsy Following Intubation. Acta Neurol Belg. 2015;115(4):533-7. PubMed PMID: 26088745.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Tapia's syndrome in the intensive care unit: a rare cause of combined cranial nerve palsy following intubation. AU - Coninckx,M, AU - Cardoen,S, AU - Hemelsoet,D, Y1 - 2015/06/19/ PY - 2015/04/08/received PY - 2015/06/09/accepted PY - 2015/6/20/entrez PY - 2015/6/20/pubmed PY - 2016/8/18/medline KW - Hypoglossal nerve KW - Paralysis KW - Paresis KW - Recurrent laryngeal nerve KW - Tapia’s syndrome KW - Vocal cord paralysis SP - 533 EP - 7 JF - Acta neurologica Belgica JO - Acta Neurol Belg VL - 115 IS - 4 N2 - Tapia's syndrome is characterized by unilateral paralysis of the tongue and vocal cord, and is caused by a concurrent lesion of both the recurrent laryngeal and hypoglossal nerves. The proposed mechanism in most patients is compression or stretching of these nerves on their extracranial course due to airway manipulation under general anaesthesia. As Tapia's syndrome is a rare and possibly devastating condition, recognition of the presence of concurrent paralyses is an important step in diagnosis and treatment. We report two cases of Tapia's syndrome as a complication of intubation in the intensive care unit. SN - 2240-2993 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26088745/Tapia's_syndrome_in_the_intensive_care_unit:_a_rare_cause_of_combined_cranial_nerve_palsy_following_intubation_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -