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Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in individuals with type 2 diabetes who had recorded diabetic retinopathy from retinal photographs in Catalonia (Spain).
Br J Ophthalmol. 2015 Dec; 99(12):1628-33.BJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS

Retinal photography with a non-mydriatic camera is the method currently employed for diabetic retinography (DR) screening. We designed this study in order to evaluate the prevalence and severity of DR, and associated risk factors, in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) screened in Catalan Primary Health Care.

METHODS

Retrospective, cross-sectional, population based study performed in Catalonia (Spain) with patients with T2DM, aged between 30 years and 90 years (on 31 December 2012) screened with retinal photography and whose DR category was recorded in their medical records. DR was classified as: no apparent retinopathy (no DR), mild non-proliferative DR (mild NPDR), moderate NPDR, severe NPDR, proliferative DR (PDR) and diabetic macular oedema (DMO). Non-vision threatening DR (non-VTDR) included mild and moderate NPDR; VTDR included severe NPDR, PDR and DMO. Clinical data were obtained retrospectively from the SIDIAP database (System for Research and Development in Primary Care).

RESULTS

108 723 patients with T2DM had been screened with retinal photography. The prevalence of any kind of DR was 12.3% (95% CI 12.1% to 12.5%). Non-VTDR and VTDR were present in 10.8% (mild 7.5% and moderate NPDR 3.3%) and 1.4% (severe NPDR 0.86%, PDR 0.36% and DMO 0.18%) of the study patients, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS

The prevalence of any type of DR in patients with T2DM screened with retinal photography was lower when compared with earlier studies.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Primary Health Care Center Anglès, Gerència Territorial Girona, Institut Català de la Salut, Girona, Spain Unitat de Suport a la Recerca Girona, Institut Universitari d'Investigació en Atenció Primària Jordi Gol (IDIAP Jordi Gol), Girona, Spain.Primary Health Care Center Martorell, Gerència Territorial Metropolitana Sud, Institut Català de la Salut, Barcelona, Spain Unitat de Suport a la Recerca Barcelona Ciutat, Institut Universitari d'Investigació en Atenció Primària Jordi Gol (IDIAP Jordi Gol), Barcelona, Spain.Institut Universitari d'Investigació en Atenció Primària Jordi Gol (IDIAP Jordi Gol), Barcelona, Spain.Unitat de Suport a la Recerca Girona, Institut Universitari d'Investigació en Atenció Primària Jordi Gol (IDIAP Jordi Gol), Girona, Spain Primary Health Care Center Jordi Nadal (Salt),Gerència Territorial Girona, Institut Català de la Salut, Girona, Spain.Unitat de Suport a la Recerca Barcelona Ciutat, Institut Universitari d'Investigació en Atenció Primària Jordi Gol (IDIAP Jordi Gol), Barcelona, Spain Primary Health Care Center Raval Sud, Gerencia d'Atenció Primària Barcelona Ciutat, Institut Catala de la Salut, Barcelona, Spain.Primary Health Care Center Martorell, Gerència Territorial Metropolitana Sud, Institut Català de la Salut, Barcelona, Spain Unitat de Suport a la Recerca Barcelona Ciutat, Institut Universitari d'Investigació en Atenció Primària Jordi Gol (IDIAP Jordi Gol), Barcelona, Spain.Unitat de Suport a la Recerca Barcelona Ciutat, Institut Universitari d'Investigació en Atenció Primària Jordi Gol (IDIAP Jordi Gol), Barcelona, Spain Primary Health Care Center La Mina, Gerència d'Atenció Primària Barcelona Ciutat, Institut Català de la Salut, Barcelona, Spain.Unitat de Suport a la Recerca Barcelona Ciutat, Institut Universitari d'Investigació en Atenció Primària Jordi Gol (IDIAP Jordi Gol), Barcelona, Spain Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Spain, Barcelona, Spain.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26089211

Citation

Rodriguez-Poncelas, Antonio, et al. "Prevalence of Diabetic Retinopathy in Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes Who Had Recorded Diabetic Retinopathy From Retinal Photographs in Catalonia (Spain)." The British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 99, no. 12, 2015, pp. 1628-33.
Rodriguez-Poncelas A, Miravet-Jiménez S, Casellas A, et al. Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in individuals with type 2 diabetes who had recorded diabetic retinopathy from retinal photographs in Catalonia (Spain). Br J Ophthalmol. 2015;99(12):1628-33.
Rodriguez-Poncelas, A., Miravet-Jiménez, S., Casellas, A., Barrot-De La Puente, J. F., Franch-Nadal, J., López-Simarro, F., Mata-Cases, M., & Mundet-Tudurí, X. (2015). Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in individuals with type 2 diabetes who had recorded diabetic retinopathy from retinal photographs in Catalonia (Spain). The British Journal of Ophthalmology, 99(12), 1628-33. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjophthalmol-2015-306683
Rodriguez-Poncelas A, et al. Prevalence of Diabetic Retinopathy in Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes Who Had Recorded Diabetic Retinopathy From Retinal Photographs in Catalonia (Spain). Br J Ophthalmol. 2015;99(12):1628-33. PubMed PMID: 26089211.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in individuals with type 2 diabetes who had recorded diabetic retinopathy from retinal photographs in Catalonia (Spain). AU - Rodriguez-Poncelas,Antonio, AU - Miravet-Jiménez,Sònia, AU - Casellas,Aina, AU - Barrot-De La Puente,Joan Francesc, AU - Franch-Nadal,Josep, AU - López-Simarro,Flora, AU - Mata-Cases,Manel, AU - Mundet-Tudurí,Xavier, Y1 - 2015/06/18/ PY - 2015/02/03/received PY - 2015/05/26/accepted PY - 2015/6/20/entrez PY - 2015/6/20/pubmed PY - 2016/3/25/medline KW - Epidemiology KW - Retina KW - Telemedicine SP - 1628 EP - 33 JF - The British journal of ophthalmology JO - Br J Ophthalmol VL - 99 IS - 12 N2 - BACKGROUND/AIMS: Retinal photography with a non-mydriatic camera is the method currently employed for diabetic retinography (DR) screening. We designed this study in order to evaluate the prevalence and severity of DR, and associated risk factors, in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) screened in Catalan Primary Health Care. METHODS: Retrospective, cross-sectional, population based study performed in Catalonia (Spain) with patients with T2DM, aged between 30 years and 90 years (on 31 December 2012) screened with retinal photography and whose DR category was recorded in their medical records. DR was classified as: no apparent retinopathy (no DR), mild non-proliferative DR (mild NPDR), moderate NPDR, severe NPDR, proliferative DR (PDR) and diabetic macular oedema (DMO). Non-vision threatening DR (non-VTDR) included mild and moderate NPDR; VTDR included severe NPDR, PDR and DMO. Clinical data were obtained retrospectively from the SIDIAP database (System for Research and Development in Primary Care). RESULTS: 108 723 patients with T2DM had been screened with retinal photography. The prevalence of any kind of DR was 12.3% (95% CI 12.1% to 12.5%). Non-VTDR and VTDR were present in 10.8% (mild 7.5% and moderate NPDR 3.3%) and 1.4% (severe NPDR 0.86%, PDR 0.36% and DMO 0.18%) of the study patients, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of any type of DR in patients with T2DM screened with retinal photography was lower when compared with earlier studies. SN - 1468-2079 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26089211/Prevalence_of_diabetic_retinopathy_in_individuals_with_type_2_diabetes_who_had_recorded_diabetic_retinopathy_from_retinal_photographs_in_Catalonia__Spain__ L2 - http://bjo.bmj.com/lookup/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=26089211 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -