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Avoidance symptoms and delayed verbal memory are associated with post-traumatic stress symptoms in female victims of sexual violence.
J Affect Disord. 2015 Sep 15; 184:145-8.JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Victimization by sexual violence is strongly associated with the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). While several psychological and cognitive factors are known to be associated with PTSD prognosis, multivariable analysis is scarce. This study examined factors affecting the severity of PTSD symptoms in early stage of traumatic experience of sexual violence, including initial post-traumatic symptoms and cognitive characteristics.

METHODS

Participants were recruited from the center for women and children victims of violence in a university hospital. Thirty-four sexual assault victims were assessed at the baseline and the second visit one to five months after the baseline. At the baseline, an array of posttraumatic symptoms and cognitive functions were measured: at follow-up, PTSD symptoms were determined by Clinician Administered PTSD Scale.

RESULTS

Stepwise multiple regression showed that avoidance symptoms (β = 0.551, P < 0.01) and delayed verbal memory (β = -0.331, P < 0.05) at early stage of trauma predicted the severity of PTSD symptoms one to five month later. The regression model, factoring in avoidance and delayed verbal memory, showed a 34.9% explanatory power regarding the PTSD symptom severity.

CONCLUSION

This study suggests that avoidance symptoms and verbal memory at the early stage of trauma are associated with later PTSD symptoms. It is also suggested that early intervention targeting avoidance symptoms may be beneficial in decreasing PTSD symptoms.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Sun flower Center of Southern Gyeonggi for Women and Children Victims of Violence, Suwon, Republic of Korea; Center for Traumatic Stress, Ajou University Medical Center, Suwon, Republic of Korea.Sun flower Center of Southern Gyeonggi for Women and Children Victims of Violence, Suwon, Republic of Korea; Center for Traumatic Stress, Ajou University Medical Center, Suwon, Republic of Korea; Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Ajou Univeristy School of Medicine, Suwon, Republic of Korea.Center for Traumatic Stress, Ajou University Medical Center, Suwon, Republic of Korea; Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Ajou Univeristy School of Medicine, Suwon, Republic of Korea.Center for Traumatic Stress, Ajou University Medical Center, Suwon, Republic of Korea; Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Ajou Univeristy School of Medicine, Suwon, Republic of Korea.Sun flower Center of Southern Gyeonggi for Women and Children Victims of Violence, Suwon, Republic of Korea; Center for Traumatic Stress, Ajou University Medical Center, Suwon, Republic of Korea.Sun flower Center of Southern Gyeonggi for Women and Children Victims of Violence, Suwon, Republic of Korea; Center for Traumatic Stress, Ajou University Medical Center, Suwon, Republic of Korea; Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Ajou Univeristy School of Medicine, Suwon, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: ykchung@ajou.ac.kr.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26093033

Citation

Shin, Kyoung Min, et al. "Avoidance Symptoms and Delayed Verbal Memory Are Associated With Post-traumatic Stress Symptoms in Female Victims of Sexual Violence." Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 184, 2015, pp. 145-8.
Shin KM, Chang HY, Cho SM, et al. Avoidance symptoms and delayed verbal memory are associated with post-traumatic stress symptoms in female victims of sexual violence. J Affect Disord. 2015;184:145-8.
Shin, K. M., Chang, H. Y., Cho, S. M., Kim, N. H., Kim, K. A., & Chung, Y. K. (2015). Avoidance symptoms and delayed verbal memory are associated with post-traumatic stress symptoms in female victims of sexual violence. Journal of Affective Disorders, 184, 145-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2015.05.051
Shin KM, et al. Avoidance Symptoms and Delayed Verbal Memory Are Associated With Post-traumatic Stress Symptoms in Female Victims of Sexual Violence. J Affect Disord. 2015 Sep 15;184:145-8. PubMed PMID: 26093033.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Avoidance symptoms and delayed verbal memory are associated with post-traumatic stress symptoms in female victims of sexual violence. AU - Shin,Kyoung Min, AU - Chang,Hyoung Yoon, AU - Cho,Sun-Mi, AU - Kim,Nam Hee, AU - Kim,Kyoung Ah, AU - Chung,Young Ki, Y1 - 2015/06/10/ PY - 2015/01/30/received PY - 2015/05/26/revised PY - 2015/05/29/accepted PY - 2015/6/21/entrez PY - 2015/6/21/pubmed PY - 2016/3/15/medline KW - Avoidance KW - Post-traumatic stress disorder KW - Prospective study KW - Republic of Korea KW - Sexual abuse KW - Verbal memory SP - 145 EP - 8 JF - Journal of affective disorders JO - J Affect Disord VL - 184 N2 - BACKGROUND: Victimization by sexual violence is strongly associated with the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). While several psychological and cognitive factors are known to be associated with PTSD prognosis, multivariable analysis is scarce. This study examined factors affecting the severity of PTSD symptoms in early stage of traumatic experience of sexual violence, including initial post-traumatic symptoms and cognitive characteristics. METHODS: Participants were recruited from the center for women and children victims of violence in a university hospital. Thirty-four sexual assault victims were assessed at the baseline and the second visit one to five months after the baseline. At the baseline, an array of posttraumatic symptoms and cognitive functions were measured: at follow-up, PTSD symptoms were determined by Clinician Administered PTSD Scale. RESULTS: Stepwise multiple regression showed that avoidance symptoms (β = 0.551, P < 0.01) and delayed verbal memory (β = -0.331, P < 0.05) at early stage of trauma predicted the severity of PTSD symptoms one to five month later. The regression model, factoring in avoidance and delayed verbal memory, showed a 34.9% explanatory power regarding the PTSD symptom severity. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that avoidance symptoms and verbal memory at the early stage of trauma are associated with later PTSD symptoms. It is also suggested that early intervention targeting avoidance symptoms may be beneficial in decreasing PTSD symptoms. SN - 1573-2517 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26093033/Avoidance_symptoms_and_delayed_verbal_memory_are_associated_with_post_traumatic_stress_symptoms_in_female_victims_of_sexual_violence_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0165-0327(15)00357-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -