[Effect of comprehensive schistosomiasis control measures based on infection source control in mountainous areas of Yunnan Province].Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi. 2015 Feb; 27(1):11-6.ZX
To evaluate the effect of comprehensive schistosomiasis control measures based on infection source control in plateau mountain areas of Yunnan Province.
From 2006 to 2004, four administrative villages were selected as test areas from plateau canyon and plateau basin endemic areas in Jindun Town, Heqing County, two villages each type, and the comprehensive control measures were implemented, including the examination and treatment of schistosomiasis, Oncomelania hupensis snail survey and control, health education, improving drinking water and lavatories, banning grazing, constructing sanitary pen of livestock, replacing cattle with machine, etc. The schistosome infection state and snail status in 2006 were treated as the baseline information, and the effect of the comprehensive measures were evaluated. Results The infection rate of human in plateau canyon areas decreased from 4.94% in 2006 to 0.06% in 2014, and that of livestock decreased from 1.11% to 0. In plateau basin areas, there was only 1 case of schistosomiasis found in Xiaolian Village in 2007, and no any other cases found in the other years, the infection rates of livestock dropped from 7.38% to 0. Compared with 2006, the snail areas in the two type areas decreased by 74.89% and 75.30%, respectively, meanwhile, the percentage of snail area, the occurrence rate of frames with snails, as well as the average density of living snails also decreased, and no infected snails were found since 2008. Xidian and Xinzhuang villages in plateau canyon area reached the criteria of schistosomiasis transmission controlled in 2009, and Xiao-lian and Kangfu villages in plateau basin reached the criteria of transmission interrupted in 2014.
The comprehensive schistosomiasis control measures based on infection source control can effectively control the endemic situation of schistosomiasis in plateau areas of Yunnan Province. In the future, we should pay an equal attention to the infection sources control and snail control to consolidate and amplify the achievement of schistosomiasis control.